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5th Grade STAAR Review
Transcript of 5th Grade STAAR Review
Thank you for your attention!
And one more thing...
A root is the basic word part that another word is made from. A base word is a part of a longer word that can stand on its own. A prefix is an affix added at the beginning of a root word. A suffix is an affix added at the end of a root word.
Words or phrases surrounding an unknown word that give hints about its meaning.
Context Clues, Word Relationships
Prefix: Mis- wrong misinform
Suffix: -ion act of doing something election
Reading Strategies and Comprehension
Main Idea and Details
What the passage is mostly about.
Facts or other pieces of information that prove the main idea.
Subject of a passage
Give an overview of its main ideas and details.
Put in your own words.
Inference: An educated guess based on available facts and details.
Sequence - Chronological order: Presenting events in the order in which they occur.
Cause and Effect: A cause is the reason something happens. The effect is what happens as a result.
Problem and Solution: A problem is a difficulty or conflict. A solution is the way the difficulty is removed or reduced.
Compare and Contrast: Compare means to tell how two or more things are alike. Contrast means to tell how they are different.
Character, plot and conflict
Character traits are all the qualitiis that make up a character's appearance and personality. Ask yourself, "Why is the character doing this?" Or, :Why is the character behaving this way?"
Plot and Conflict
Plot - series of events in a story.
Conflict - struggle or problem faced by the characters in a story.
Expostion - Introduces the reader to the characters - This includes the setting or location and time in which a story takes place.
Conflict - person vs. person
- person vs. nature
Rising Action - made up of events that build the reader's interest.
Foreshadowing - When events that occur as part of the rising action hint at events that will occur later in the story, is is called foreshadowing.
Climax - The most exciting part of the story. It is sometimes refered to as the turning point.
Falling Action - Events that occur after the climax.
Resolution - The solving of the story's problem. The resolution usually explains how the story's conflict was resolved and how the different characters were affected.
Point of View
uses I or we
uses you, your
limited - only know what character says and does
omniscient - Finds out the thoughts of some or all of the characters
Theme, Poetry, Imagery, Sensory Details
and Figurative Language
Theme - the central idea or meaning of a story - Lesson, moral or comment on life that an author wants the reader to understand
Imagery - Language that appeals to the senses Sensory details - appeal to the five senses - smell, sight, taste, touch and hearing
simile - compares two things using the words like or as.
metaphor - a comparison without using the words, like or as
hyperbole - an exaggeration used to make a point or create a picture in the reader's mind
personification - giving human characteristics to something that is not human
Poetry - type of writing that uses figurative language to express ideas, emotions, and images.
verse - line of poetry
rhyme scheme - the pattern of rhymes in a poem
'Twas Friday morn when we set sail,
And we had not got far from land,
When the Captain, he spied a lovely mermaid,
With a comb and a glass in her hand
Internal rhyme - a type of rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry.
Soon after the sun set, I fell into a deep sleep
Alliteration - repetition of the same letter at the beginning of nearby words in a single line
Onomatopoeia - sound device that is the use of words that sound like what they mean --boom, hiss, and crackle
Drama - type of literature that is meant to be performed onstage by actors -- use dialogue
cast of characters
literary nonfiction that tells the story of a person's life.
a text in which a person describes his or her own life
Compare and Contrast Literary Works
Traditional stories that usually explain a belief or a nautral phenomenon.
Short, simple story that tells a lesson ( Aesop)
Ways Author's May Organize Their Writing
Falling Dominoes - cause and effect structure
Author's Purpose - What he or she wants to accomplish by writing a particular piece
When the author wants to inform readers about a topic, he or she includes factual details that can be verified, or proved to be true. Ask yourself if the author focuses on facts that could be researched and confirmed as true.
The author may write to persuade readers to think a particular way about a topic. He or she states a position on an issue and includes supporting evidence to prove why that position is correct. Ask yourself if the author wants you to agree with his or her opinion on an issue. If so, the author's purpose is to persuade.
When an author wants to entertain readers, he or she is not trying to educate readers or convince them to take a position. The author simply writes something her or she thinks readers will enjoy.
When an author writes to express He or she shares their emotions or feelings with the reader.
A claim expresses a writer's point of view. A claim is also normally an opinion.
An opinion is a statement that cannot be proven
A fact is something that can be proven true and can be used to prove something else true.
Misleading statements make readers believe something is true when really it is not.
Another word for informational article is Expository. It is non-fiction.
When making an inference from informational texts, your use the facts available to you. A generalization is a broad statement based on specific details.
When you compare, you look at things that are alike. When you contrast things, you look at differences. When comparing and contrasting informational texts you think about topics, text organization, scope and main ideas
Comparing and Contrasting Texts
Make connections Within the Text
Think about how details in one part of a text connect to details in another part of the text. Understanding the connections beween these ideas within the same text will help you figure out what the writer wants you to know.
Beyond Text: Forms of Media
Tone - an attitude or feeling expressed by what someone is writing or saying. Many words can be used to describe tone.
funny informal apologetic
happy casual concerned
amused angry formal
lighthearted stern serious
Beyond Text: Media Perspectives
Take your time and pace yourself. Take short breaks. All you are going to do is read when you are finished and I would rather you take your time and read and reread the test passages. No one needs to be finished with the test and just reading a library book for 2 hours.