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Transcript of TOK Guns
April 20, 1999. The shooting was committed by two boys Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold of ages 18 and 17. They had an arsenal of an Intratec TEC-DC9, Hi-Point 995 Carbine, Savage 67H pump-action shotgun, Stevens 311D double barreled sawed-off shotgun, 99 explosives and 4 knives. They killed 15 including themselves and injured 21. Newtown Shooting:
Committed by Adam Lanza age 20. The weapon he used was a bushmaster XM15-E2S rifle. He killed 28; 22 children, 4 adults, his own mother and at lat himself. he also injured 2. Beltway sniper attacks:
Committed by 42 year old army veteran John Muhammed and Lee boyd Malvo ,only kid at the time. The gun used was a stolen civilian m16. John Muhammed said he had not been treated fairly because of race in military and was mad at wife, these are his reasons for the shootings. Lee Boy Malvo was abandoned by mother at age of 15 and Muhammed "gave him his time". They killed 10 and injured 3. Guns Safety Virginia Tech Massacre
Committed by Seung-Hui Cho
Weapons used were a glock and walter p22
(both were handguns)
Killed 33 including himself
Injured 23 Famous duels 1984 metro shooting
committed by Bernhard Hugo Goetz
the weapon used was a unlicensed revolver
he severely wounded 4 people (trying to mug him) What our presentation is about? What do we aim to achieve? How are we going to do that? Intro What areas of knowledge we are looking at? Conclusion Jokela Shooting
Committed by Pekka-Eric Auvinen
Weapon used was a SIG Mosquito
Killed 9 including himself
Injured 12 Pros and Cons Pros Are guns ethically acceptable in the society? Control vs. How can reason and emotion be used to develop a balanced legal gun control system? History Emotion & Rationality 2012 Moscow shooting
committed by Dmitry Vinogradov
the weapons he used were two shotguns
he killed 6 and injured 1
he did not kill himslef
2011 Norway Attacs
committed by Anders Breivik
the weapons he used were a car bomb, a ruger mini-14 carbine and a glock
he killed a total of 77 people and he injured 242 people
his sentence so far is 21 years with possibility of extension Less guns available, less deaths Restriction prevents accidents Ownership = Homicide - Only US is over 70
- Black countries represent rare guns (less than 10%)
- Asia is strict with guns compare with other continents; oppose with North and South America
- Europe is the second highest rate of having guns per 100 people Cons Protection Self-deference Others Security Responsibility - US has the highest death rate by guns
- S. Korea and Japan have the least death
rate by guns
- Countries with many firearms, such as US,
Chile, Switzerland, or Finland also ranked
high death rate by guns Any system must protect itself before starting to act in "benefit to society" Sense Perception Induction Deduction General Particular Inductive reasoning Deductive reasoning Action in a situation
(psychology + reflexes) Role play Is it moral / legal to take someones life? Can we develop a legal system that will be effective? Extremes? Our personal opinions Governmental supervision Medical certificate Criminal record Possible training Registration Licensing Continuity May 30, 1806: Andrew Jackson and Charles Dickinson; Dickinson was killed, Jackson wounded, becoming the only President to have killed a man in a duel. 1837: The most famous and talked about Russian duel: Aleksandr Pushkin mortally wounded after a gunshot he received in a duel at the Black Rivulet with a French officer on Russian service Georges d'Anths, rumoured to have an affair with Pushkin's wife Natalia. "When you disarm the people, you commence to offend them and show that you distrust them either through cowardice or lack of confidence, and both of these opinions generate hatred..."
-Niccolo Machiavelli "A free people ought not only to be armed and disciplined, but they should have sufficient arms and ammunition to maintain a status of independence from any who might attempt to abuse them, which would include their own government."
- George Washington Feared and paranoiac leaders encouraged gun control Totalitarian governments and absolute monarchies Studies how people should act Balance? All political power comes from the barrel of a gun. The communist party must command all the guns, that way, no guns can ever be used to command the party."
- Mao Tse Tung Emotion "The most foolish mistake we could possibly make would be to allow the subject races to possess arms. History shows that all conquerors who have allowed their subject races to carry arms have prepared their own downfall by so doing. Emotional approach
Inductive reasoning Rational approach
Deductive reasoning How much time is required to take a shot? USA - The Second Amendment (Amendment II) to the United States Constitution
(December 15, 1791) Switzerland & people's militia Killing is unethical by the moral codes of a society. Guns have a great potential to kill, hence guns are ethically unacceptable. The majority of a society thinks that killing is immoral and unethical. Guns have a great potential to kill, therefore guns are ethically unacceptable A general code of moral principles accepted by society Definition 1 Ethically acceptable - any action or situation associated with the boundaries of moral principles A code of moral principles based on the opinion of the majority of the society Definition 2: Ethically acceptable -
an action or situation that is accepted by the majority of the population Safety is a priority defined by the moral code. Guns provide safety, therefore guns are ethically acceptable. The majority of the population prioritizes their safety. Guns provide safety, therefore guns are ethically acceptable. Emotional vs. Rational approach Market externality Is it right to have a market that can bring safety and wealth at the cost of human lives? Honor & Status Personal freedoms & ideals violence & murder Security & Self assurance Can we really measure the value of human life with numbers? Generalization Crime and Punishment Instant reaction How does our topic relate to TOK? A cause, explanation, or justification for an action or event. Reason A natural instinctive state of mind deriving from one's circumstances, mood, or relationships with others.
Emotion Perception of shootings horror, shock and sickness Revenge, ideology