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Transcript of Aborigine Presentation
Aboriginie: An aboriginal inhabitant of Australia The most common belief is that the first human migration occured when Australia was the landmass 'Sahul', and humans from south-east Asia sailed to this continent by boat or canoe Date of first arrival estimated to be between 40,000-50,000 years ago First Aborigines presumed to have established maritime fishing villages once established on the Northern coast of Australia Both men and women usually spent most of their day searching for food While hunting, Aboriginal men usually traveled in groups to take down large prey such as kangaroos and emus These hunters used a variety of weapons to take down prey such as boomerangs, stones, and spears Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia in 1770 in name of Great Britain, naming the territory 'New South Wales' British colonization officially began in Sydney, in 1788 Land, water, and many other natural resources were also taken away... Altogether, the combination of these disturbances to Aboriginal lifestyle had reduced the total Aborigine population by nearly 90% between 1788 and 1900 Stolen Generations Between 1869-1969, Australian federal and state government agencies, as well as church missionaries removed Aboriginal children from their families These efforts were done to "protect" the children from dying in inadequate living environments... However, some argue that this was an attempt of "cultural genocide", with the intent of killing out Aborigine culture After British Colonization 1963- First year that all Australian Aborigines could vote in federal elections 1967- Referendum passed allowing laws towards Aboriginal rights to be made 1998- 'National Sorry Day' instituted in effort to express regret over the historical mistreatment of Aboriginal people, especially the Stolen Generations 2008- First official appology to Aboriginal population from a Prime Minister Although there are great strides being made for the civil rights of Aborigines, they are still plagued by issues including racism, poor education, poverty, and medical problems Total Aborigine population in Australia: 517,000 people, aprox. 2.5% of Australia's total population Most prominant in Northern Territory, making up 32.5% of the population Aboriginal Religion Did not pray to one diety, but several, usually in the form of a natural object Aboriginal dieties have many roles and can belong to one or more of these categories:
Totemic beings Ancestral beings are most prominantly mentioned in ancient Aborigine religion, and can take the form of any living, or even non-living object The 'Creation Period' is the creation of life as we know it... The Creation Period, or 'Dreamtime' is often depicted through ceremonial song and dance WRAP UP of being sensative to aboriginal culture, zoom out to australia There is no clear orgin of the indigenous Aborigines Who are the Aborigines? Ancient Aborigines depended on hunting and gathering for food
Men were the hunters/stalkers of large animals
Women were the gatherers of berries, fruits, sticks, and even small animals Ancient Aboriginal Lifestyle both the physical world and all other life was created during this period Impact of British Colinization Most immediate impact of British settlement for Aborigines was epidemic disease including:
measles 1975- Australian government drafted 'Aborigine Land Rights Act' to restore rightful and traditional land Aborigines in a Modern Society Mining of spiritual Aboriginal lands causing current cultural tensions THE END. To reflect...