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Transcript of American Modernism
The language modernist reaction against Romanticism, Realism and Naturalism. Chronology The Modernist Period in English Literature occupied the years from shortly after the beginning of the twentieth century through roughly 1965. Origin Modernism was set in motion through a series of cultural shocks. The first of these great shocks was the First World War.
American modernism started at the turn of the 20th century with the U.S. victory in the First World War that gave more confidence to the American society and this continued into the 21st century.
After that, American art begins as distinct and autonomous European literature. Differences between
the Pre-Modern World
and the Modern World Characteristics of Modernism
in American Literature Emphasis on bold experimentation in style and form, reflecting the fragmentation of society.
Rejection of traditional themes and subjects. Loss of faith in religion and society.
Sense of disillusionment and loss of faith in the American Dream Rejection of the ideal hero as infallible in favor of a hero who is flawed and disillusioned but shows “grace under pressure.” Interest in the inner workings of the human mind, (stream of consciousness) sometimes expressed through new narrative techniques. Themes of Modern Literature Collectivism versus individualism
Violence and alienation
Decadence and decay
Loss and despair
Breakdown of social norms and cultural sureties
Race and gender relations
The American Dream Phases of Modernism Early (1890 - 1920): Dadaism, Surrealism, Cubism
High (1920 – 1929): Modernist Classics, Experimenalism, Minimalism, Black modernism Thirties (1930 – 1940): Socialist realism, proletarian novel, black modernism Late Modernism (1940 - 1960): Modernism is canonized.
Post-Modernism (1960 - 1990): Radicalization of modernism
or break with high modernism. Is a school and aesthetic theory applicable to the visual arts and design, characterized by imitation, employment or predominance of geometric shapes, such as triangles, rectangles, cubes and other solids. Cubism Dadaism Literary and artistic avant-garde movement characterized by its denial of established aesthetic canons, and that his way of expression forms of irrationality. Surrealism Literary and artistic movement trying to overcome the real driving with psychic automatism imaginary and irrational. Futurism Movement prompted the early twentieth century by the Italian poet Marinetti, trying to adapt to the dynamic art of technical advances. T.S.ELIOT American writer, he is one of the best of American literature of the twentieth century. His novels, located in the 1920s and 1930s, are considered masterpieces.
Member of the American Lost Generation, his five novels represent a landscape of bright characters and ephemeral, youth and despair. Francis Scott Fitzgerald Scott Fitzgerald studied at Saint Paul and did not complete his studies, tried to fight in the First World War, although he failed. His first novel was rejected by different publishers. It was not until after his first compromise with Zelda Sayre when selling "This Side of Paradise" (1922). His principal works were: The
(1925) Solft Is the Night
(1934) The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
(1922) William Faulkner
William Cuthbert Faulkner was born September 25, 1897 and he died July 6, 1962.
He was an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi.
Faulkner worked in novels, short stories, a play, poetry, essays and screenplays He is primarily known and acclaimed for his novels and short stories, many of which are set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County.
Faulkner is one of the most important writers in Southern literature in the United States, along with Mark Twain, Robert Penn Warren, Flannery O'Connor, Truman Capote, Eudora Welty, Thomas Wolfe, Harper Lee and Tennessee Williams.
Though his work was published as early as 1919, and largely during the 1920s and 1930s, Faulkner was relatively unknown until receiving the 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature. Two of his works, A Fable (1954) and his last novel The Reivers (1962), won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
In 1998, the Modern Library ranked his 1929 novel The Sound and the Fury sixth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century;
The quality and quantity of Faulkner's literary output were achieved despite a lifelong drinking problem. He rarely drank while writing. He preferred instead to binge after a project's completion. Faulkner died on July 6, 1962, of a heart attack at Wright’s Sanitarium in Byhalia, Miss.
He was despised for a time by his neighbors, neglected by the general public for most of his life, was at his death “widely considered the most important American novelist of his generation and arguably of the entire 20th century,”. The poem is it :
THE MOON IS MAD, AND DIMLY BURNS, / And with her prying fingers turns / Inside out thicket and copse / Curiously, and then she stops / Staring about her, and the down / Grows sharp in sadness gathering round, / Powdering each darkling rock / And the hunchèd grain in shock / On shock in solemn rows; / And after each a shadow goes / Staring skyward, listening / Into the silence glistening / With watching stars that, sharp and sad, / Ring the solemn staring mad / Moon; and winds in monotone / Brood where shaken grain had grown / In bloomless fields that raise their bare / Breasts against the dying year. // And yet I do not move, for I / Am sad beneath this autumn sky, / For I am sudden blind and chill / Here beneath my frosty hill, / And I cry moonward in stiff pain / Unheeded, for the moon again / Stares blandly, while beneath her eyes / The silent world blazes and dies, / And leaves slip down and cover me / With sorrow and desire to be– / While the world waits, cold and sere– / Like it, dead with the dying year. Thomas Stearns Eliot, also called T.S.Eliot was born in USA and he died in London, England.
T.S.Eliot was an American poet and arguably the most important English-language poet of the 20th century.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. His Most popular poem is "The love song of J.Alfred Prufrock". This one is seen as a master piece of Modernism movement. The love song of J. Alfred Prufrock
LET us go then, you and I,
When the evening is spread out against the sky
Like a patient etherized upon a table;
Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets,
The muttering retreats
Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels
And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells:
Streets that follow like a tedious argument
Of insidious intent
To lead you to an overwhelming question….
Oh, do not ask, “What is it?”
Let us go and make our visit.
... (more here). http://www.bartleby.com/198/1.html Here we can see a little conversation between people very interesting... Here we can see T.S. Eliot , representing the movement called modernism.