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Pronoun Reference & Case Consistency

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Devona Lean

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Pronoun Reference & Case Consistency

Pronoun Reference & Case Consistency Problems By Devona Lean and Marta Girbau What in the world is a pronoun? Rule #1: A pronoun should have a single, clear antecedent. Example:
WRONG: “Jordan called Henry twelve times while he was in Kamloops.”

This is unclear; does he replace Jordan or Henry? This will cause confusion from the reader.

CORRECT: “When Jordan was in Kamloops, he called Henry twelve times.” A pronoun is a word that takes the place of an antecedent. The antecedent is the noun/group of words that act as the noun/another pronoun that the pronoun is referring to. Example:
“Barry gave Ruth a beautiful diamond necklace; it left her speechless.” It stands in for necklace, and her replaces Ruth. Rule #2: A pronoun should not refer to adjectives or possessive nouns Example:
WRONG: “Joe was wearing the purple leather pants; it was his favourite colour.” It seems to be referring to “leather pants,” but it meant to replace “purple.” Rule #3: Use "it," "they," and "you" carefully. Example #1:
“At the café, they gave me iced tea instead of a chai tea latte.”

To make it precise, you could rewrite it as “At the café, the barista gave me iced tea instead of a chai tea latte.” Rule #4: Use "it" consistently within a sentence. Example:
When it is my birthday, I hope to receive a rhinoceros, and I will walk it often.

REWRITTEN: On my birthday, I hope to receive a rhinoceros, and I will walk it often. Rule #5: Use "who," "which," and "that" carefully. - Who/Whom usually refers to people, but can also refer to animals that have names.

- Which refers to animals and other things.

- That refers to animals and things, and occasionally to people when they are collective or anonymous.
Ie: That class is one of Argyle's best. Example #2:

“In the 1930’s, if you wrote on someone else’s wall, you would get beaten up, not poked.”

It would be better to rewrite the sentence as:
“In the 1930’s, if people wrote on someone else’s wall, they would get beaten up, not poked.” Commonly used pronouns:
He, she, it, you, they, them, yourself, myself, himself, herself, yourselves, whom, etc. WRONG: When I was in school, the teachers used to make them follow the rules. You would not dare talk back to them.

Three different pronouns are used in this sentence. There is a first person pronoun (I), a third person pronoun (them), and a second person pronoun (you).

CORRECTED: When I was in school, the teachers used to make us follow the rules. We would not dare talk back to them.

In this sentence all the pronouns are in the first person (I, us, we). Personal pronouns represent a person and are split into three categories: 1st person, 2nd person, and 3rd person.

Possessive pronouns indicate ownership to something. For example: That is my wallet. Rule #6: Case consistency problems JEOPARDY TIME!!! http://www.superteachertools.com/jeopardy/usergames/Feb201106/game1297376148.php
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