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Safe Living: Taking Risks

Explore Risk Taking Behaviour and the consequences Examine Road Safety: risks, statistics and causes Harm and Risk Minimisation Safe living and the role and responsibility of schools
by

Kelly Ann Parry

on 14 May 2014

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Transcript of Safe Living: Taking Risks

Safe Living
Consequences of taking risks...........
Injury Deaths- Children
Safe Living
Taking Risks
Accidents......
Injuries.......
Death and disability........

AIHW Report
Overview of Content
Explore Risk Taking Behaviour and the consequences
Examine Road Safety: risks, statistics and causes
Harm and Risk Minimisation
Safe living and the role and responsibility of schools

Objectives:
Reducing Risks
Role of the School
Personal safety
Home & rural safety
School & play safety
Road safety
Water safety
Emergency safety
Risk Taking Behaviour
Or.......
Why?
Have you ever.....
What is “risk taking behaviour”?
Or...
What is “risk taking behaviour”?
Think of someone you know who has participated in some sort of risk taking behaviour.......
• What was the risk taking behaviour?
• Why did they do it?
• What was the outcome?
• Was the outcome inevitable?
• Could the outcome have been avoided or resolved differently?
• Is it possible to address risk taking behaviour in children?
• Sense of invulnerability and indestructibility
• Reputation enhancement
• Excitement
• Peer encouragement
• Impulsiveness
• Others.....?
Accident Locations
Those at risk.....
Road Safety
Also....
Kids behaving well.......
• Home - falls, burns, poisons
• School
50% more likely to injure themselves
4 x more likely to die
4 x more likely to suicide
1.5 x more likely to die from violence
Infants and children
MALES
why are young children at risk?
• hearing is not fully developed
• focus on one task at a time
• cannot judge speed and distance of cars properly...cannot judge safe gaps
• take little notice of warnings ... can’t read or understand words on signage
• poor peripheral vision
• Smaller
• are easily distracted
• difficulty coping with sudden changes in traffic conditions – panic/confused
• usually have high energy levels...their speed can put them in danger
Adults behaving
badly........?
• Injury leading cause of death : 1 - 14 yrs age group
• Injury death rates fell by almost 40% over the decade 1997-2006
• Accidental drowning death rates almost halved between 1997 and 2006
• 40% of deaths from injury were the result of transport accidents (587)
• Over one-third of child deaths are preventable as they are caused by injuries
AIHW 2009. A picture of Australia's children 2009. Cat. no. PHE 112. Canberra: AIHW.
Transport
Accident Deaths
The 4 “Imps”
Causes of
Accidents
Causes of
accidents
• Occupant of motor vehicle - 44%
• Pedestrian - 35%
• Pedal cyclist - 5%
• Motor cycle rider - 4%
• Other transport accident -12%
Impulsive
Inadequate knowledge
• To recognise & evaluate dangerous situations
• Inexperience &/or ignorance
Human Factors
Insufficient skill
• Attempt to perform skills beyond ability
• Influenced by fatigue, emotions, vision,peers
• Impact of external stimuli eg ridingbike on road
Risk taking habits, attitudes and behaviour
• Not wearing helmets, showing off, impunity
• 80% accidents due to human error
• Attention needed to design eg. protective clothing, roads
• Most environments are not kid proof
Environmental Factors
Host
• Personalities, attitudes, emotions
AGENT (vehicle/ equipment)
• May be faulty, improvised
Causes of Accidents
Causes of Accidents
Causes of Accidents
• Design
• Condition(faulty, improvised)?
The Agent (vehicle/equipment)
Use assertiveness
Make decisions about risk
Recognise danger signs
Recognise positive peer influence
Wear appropriate clothing, equipment
Develop skills
Accident Prevention
Carry a safe load
Engineering
Enforcement
Encouragement
Education
Cultural difference!
• Whole school community responsibility
• PDHPE:
Safe Living - promote safe environments & practices
Develop a commitment & ability to keep themselves & others safe
Safe Living K & U
Outcomes
ES1- demonstrates an emerging awareness of the concepts of safe & unsafe living
S1-recognises that their safety depends on the environment & the behaviour of themselves & others
S2 - discusses how safe practices promote personal wellbeing
S3 - describes safe practices that are appropriate to a range of situations & environments
http://www.openoceansurfing.com/kids_surfing_lessons.htm
http://santaclaritacitybriefs.com/tag/santa-clarita-skate-park/
http://www.in-spirelsmagazine.co.uk/?tag=trampolining
http://www.funkymonkeybars.com/portfolio_item/amazing/
Safe Living
http://www.penrithwhitewater.com.au/pages/whitewater-rafting.asp
http://e2nz.org/2010/05/10/australian-tourist-injured-in-bungy-accident/
http://ageofhopeministries.blogspot.com.au/2011/06/jumping-off-high-dive.html
http://www.discovery-campervans.com.au/rock_climbing.php
http://www.snowlife.com.au/tag/snowboard/
http://www.frasercoastchronicle.com.au/news/stunt-riders-set-for-show-fraser-coast/1358421/
http://scottsbikes.com/about/wednesday-morning-ladies-group-road-rides-pg676.htm
http://www.australiascoralcoast.com/tours-activities/water-sports/coral-coast-and-exmouth-diving
http://www.adventurouswomen.com.au/adventure/short%20breaks/two%20day%20luxury%20horse%20ride%20mansfield,%20snowy%20river%20country%20victoria%20-103-2.php#.UTVxAKXjuao
• Transportation- Pedestrian, Passenger, Cycle
• Recreation/ Survival
• Occupational
http://topfunnypictureshq.blogspot.com.au/2013/01/funny-accident-photosworld-amazing.html
• lack experience to appreciate danger
http://safetycomesfirst.info/explain-your-children-why-we-should-make-eye-contact-before-they-cross-the-road/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7477747.stm
http://www.leics.gov.uk/index/highways/road_safety/lollipop/stop_lollipop_campaign/little_bowden_photo_gallery.htm
http://www.theriskfactor.ca/accidents-waiting-to-happen-2011/accidents-waiting-to-happen-ladder-stacker/
http://www.tonybates.ca/2011/11/16/adjuncts-lmss-and-lack-of-training-an-accident-waiting-to-happen/
http://www.babybirthbasics.com/child-safety-in-the-home-preventing-accidents-and-first-aid
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/features/the-parent-trap/story-e6frg8h6-1226444004708
http://www.come-over.to/FAS/ImpulseControl.htm
Improvising
Impatience
Impunity
http://www.nissanmurano.org/forums/68-maintenance/15525-oil-change-ramp-question.html
http://in-the-saddle.com/2010/11/10/the-deadly-sins-of-cycling-no-4-impatience/
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1226245/Theres-stopping-lycra-lout-cyclists-prosecutions-running-red-lights-plummets.html
http://www.paulbensoninjury.com/bicycle-accidents/
http://www.sydneycyclist.com/profiles/blogs/1321712:BlogPost:27306
http://www.topgear.com/uk/tv-show/series-14/episode-2
http://www.rotfllol.com/search?s=transport
http://www.funfive.net/improvised-transport/4869.html
http://www.home-dzine.co.za/diy/diy-ladders.htm
http://www.flickr.com/photos/junej/5203306233/
Causes of Accidents
http://www.highfield.co.uk/house-of-horrors/health-safety/index.php
http://cslacker.com/images/view/1818
http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2010/11/16/city/lahore/citizens-irked-by-poor-transport-facilities-on-eid/
http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/insidethecollection/2010/04/pedestrian-button-1980s-australian-product-design-pt2/
http://www.besportier.com/archives/best-cycling-commuter-backpack--vandal-cargo-backpack.html
http://minutia-microcarsminicars.blogspot.com.au/2009_11_01_archive.html
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