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Gestalt Therapy

4th Period AP Psychology

Bryce Sperling

on 23 February 2011

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Transcript of Gestalt Therapy

Gestalt Therapy Therapist Perspective Project 4th Period AP Psychology By:
Bryce Sperling
Tony Zeng
Griffin Howard
Travis Canida Fritz and Laura Perls Fritz was born in 1893 in Berlin
Fritz's uncle pushed him to study law, but he decided to work in medicine instead.
He married Laura Perls and they fled to the Netherlands with their eldest child when Hitler began to gain power.
Shortly after, they went to South Africa where Fritz started a psychoanalytic training institute. Terms Background Fritz and Laura then went to New York where Fritz worked briefly with Karen Horney.
Paul Goodman and Fritz began working together, and this is when Fritz began to come up with Gestalt therapy. Gestalt therapy is based on the "Here and Now" therapy where the therapist analyzes what the person is thinking and doing at the current moment and how it affects them, rather than past experiences, or would could/should have been.
Gestalt therapy is also influenced by some Zen Buddhism, which Fritz studied. The point of Gestalt therapy is to have the patient become more creative and "become free of the blocks of unfinished business"
For this reason, it is considered a type of humanistic therapy. Fritz Perls - Original founder of Gestalt therapy
Here and Now - A therapy that focuses on the current moment
Zen - A practice of Buddhism where the goal is to escape from guilts and reaching enlightenment
Video Video Principal Influences Influences on Other Therapies Gestalt therapy, along with transactional analysis (TA)—most specifically, Michigan Transactional Analysis—strongly influenced Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP). Neuro-Linguistic Programming is a controversial approach to psychotherapy and organizational change based on "a model of interpersonal communication chiefly concerned with the relationship between successful patterns of behaviour and the subjective experiences (esp. patterns of thought) underlying them".
Some examples of this are stress from activites such as sports or school. NLP analyzes how one approaches each activity and the stressful actions associated with that activity and tries to interpret them so they may later be stopped. 1. Psychoanalysis, which contributed some of its major principles concerned with the inner life.

2. Humanistic, holistic, phenomenological and existential writings, which center on personal experience and everyday life.

3. Gestalt psychology, the third source, gave to Gestalt therapy much more than its name. NLP has had a greater influence in management training, life coaching, and the self-help industry more than in academic studies. Martin Buber's philosophy of relationship and dialogue ("I - Thou")
The branch of Buddhism called Zen
The psychology of Carl Jung (Specifically the polarities concept) Gestalt is a German word taken from the psychology of perception. 'Shuttling' is another method of increasing figure–ground differentiation. The subject moves his attention between different focuses. For example, if he shows a lack of differentiation between an emotion such as resentment and an associated symptom such as a headache, he might be asked to shuttle between his pain and his awareness of resentment. One of the most famous of Gestalt props is the empty chair. The subject may put feelings or a fantasy or a part of himself into the empty chair and begin talking, then he or she moves into the empty chair and speaks as the other partner in the dialogue. It is a technique that illustrates a characteristic feature of much Gestalt work, which is to dramatize problems, thereby externalizing them and making them more accessible to the client. Gestalt therapy has three major sources:
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