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Breaking the Law - Historical Figures

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Alejandra Guerrero

on 1 November 2012

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Transcript of Breaking the Law - Historical Figures

Breaking the Law - Historical Figures by: Alejandra Guerrero Martin Luther King, Jr. worked for racial equality and civil rights in the United States of America. He was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin experienced racism when he was young, and since then he knew he had to do something about it. During the 1950's, Martin took part in the movement of civil rights. He was also involved in racial equality. In June 1953 King married Coretta Scott A year later, Martin moved to Montgomery, Alabama and became a pastor because he wanted to follow his father's footsteps. When King arrived in Montgomery he saw a city, where segregation was strong. The “Jim Crow” laws
~ only white people could sit on the first four bus seats
~ African Americans had to sit in the back of the bus Rosa Parks's actions influenced the civil rights movement in Montgomery

After this, there was a boycott of the bus system that the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) association started. Martin was a member of the NAACP and was chosen as the leader. The boycott for more than a year. Martin was threatened and also arrested.
His house was bombed too. By December 1956, there was no segregation on buses. Martin joined other people who were involved with the civil rights movement.
Martin was truly inspired by Mahatma Gandhi's nonviolent ideas Protestors were still arrested even though they tried to remain in peace. They were threatened and stopped by the authority's violence, and so was Martin. Martin was arrested when he was at a rally in Birmingham because he wanted to end the segregation at lunch counters. Why did Martin Luther King Jr. break the law? ~ He believed that segregation was unjust and he wanted to bring justice to America. What was the result of breaking the law? ~ Martin was arrested, but attention was brought to the fact that segregation was a problem. More people began to see what truly was happening with people of color. Martin Luther King Jr. opened a lot of people's eyes, and soon, Martin's dream finally came true. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The rest of the civil rights movements started from this boycott
Because of this she is known as the Mother of the Civil Rights Movement Rosa Parks was an African-American who lived in Montgomery, Alabama.
She rode the bust everyday when she went to and got home from work She grew up in the South where there was strong segregation
There were separate rules for blacks and whites. Rosa always followed all the rules. But on December 1, 1955, she decided she was tired of it. A white passenger got into a bus that was already full.
The bus driver asked Rosa Parks and three other African-Americans sitting in her row to stand up and let the white passenger sit there. The others stood up. Rosa Parks remained seated. Because she would not give up her seat. The bus driver called the police and Rosa Parks was arrested. Everyone soon knew of Rosa getting arrested. The African-American community of Montgomery, Alabama decided to create a boycott of the buses to try and change things Rosa Parks Why did Rosa Parks break the law? ~ She had grown tired of being treated different. What was the result of breaking the law? ~ Rosa Parks was arrested, but she also inspired people and associations to protest and to try and put a stop to such laws. She was the one who initiated the beginning of what would soon stop segregation. Mahatma Ghandi He tried to remove the British rule from India and to make the lives of India's poorest people better In some years, Gandhi became a leader of the Indian community which was located in South Africa Ganhi first used satyagraha when he was involved in the Black Act of 1907 Gandhi and many other people were treated harshly and arrested

It took seven years of protest, but in June 1914, the Black Act was passed. Gandhi made everyone see that non-violence did work Gandhi is known to be the father of Indian Independence Gandhi spent twenty years in South Africa because of his effort to stop descrimination It was there that he created satyagraha, a non-violent way of protesting against injustices. Gandhi quickly became very well known for his activism In satyagraha, the goal was not for there to be a winner and loser
The opponent soon realized who was right In The Black Act:
~people had to get their fingerprints and documents with them at all times
Indians used satyagraha and refused to have their fingerprints done and to carry documents Why did Ghandi break the law? ~ He felt the law was unfair and he needed some way-- a nonviolent way -- to change it. What was the result of breaking the law? Ghandi, along with other people, got arrested and physically hurt. But this showed the people that by having determination in what they want when protesting, they will get what they want. Susan B. Anthony Susan wanted to help with women's rights even as a little girl. When Susan was young, equal rights did not exist As a young teacher in rural New York, she always wanted fairness for women She created the Woman's State Temperance Society of New York. At one of her first meetings in 1851, Susan B. Anthony met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who helped her out in many situations (she was her partner) Anthony lectured on temperance (not drinking alcohol), abolition and women's rights. She wanted women to be able to own property, and have wages and rights over their children. Susan B. Anthony helped organize the Women's Loyal League in 1863 Anthony and Stanton made the National Woman Suffrage Association to make it possible for women to vote The fin still remains unpaid In 1869, Susan opposed the new 15th Amendment that had been passed because black men were allowed to vote but not women Susan made it possible for a few dozen women to vote in the year of 1871 40 more women voted on the very next day but only Susan and 14 other suffragists got to vote on election day She was arrested. They found her guilty and she had a fine of 100 dollars Anthony did not want to pay it and with that she said, "May it please your honor, I will never pay a dollar of your unjust penalty." The right of women to vote became reality with the 19th Amendment, signed 14 years after Susan B. Anthony's death. Why did Susan break the law? What was the result of breaking the law? ~ She wanted women to have the same rights as men. The law was unfair to all women. ~ She was arrested. She got other women to join her and do what it took to get the same rights that men had. Cesar Chavez was a Mexican American labor activist and leader of the United Farm Workers.
He led farm workers who migrated from place to place Cesar Chavez Why did Chavez break the law? What was the result of breaking the law? He never gave up on being an optimistic leader
He got national attention to his laborer's horrible conditions they worked in and had it fixed Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962. This union joined with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee in its first strike against grape growers in California in 1965. The two unions got together in about a year, and the resulting union was renamed the United Farmer Workers in the year of 1972 In early 1968, Chavez called for a national boycott of California table grape growers. Chavez's never gave up to fight with grape growers until they finally got what they earned (money) and got more labor hours At the end, Chavez and his union won several victories for the workers when many growers signed contracts with the union Over the years, he encountered many more growers who became obstacles (including the Teamsters Union) During all this time, he was able to continue to advance and not give up in what he wanted He led marches
He called for boycotts
He went on several hunger strikes. ~ He did not break any laws, but all that he did in order to get his ideas spread out was through civil disobedience and boycotts (all within the legal margin). ~He did not break any laws but his hard work paid off at the end. Bibliography: "Cesar Chavez Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/cesar-chavez-9245781>.
"Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr." NAACP. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.naacp.org/pages/king?source=BSDAds_GoogleSearch_Martin Luther
"Gandhi - Biography of Mahatma Gandhi." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/people/a/gandhi.htm>.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/itvs/fightfields/cesarchavez.html>.
"Uriella." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Oct. 2012. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uriella>.
"What Did Rosa Parks Do?" About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/1950s/qt/What-Did-Rosa-Parks-Do.htm>. IMAGES: http://www.drmartinlutherking.net/images/categories/speech/rev-martin-luther-king-jr-speech.jpg

http://2.images.spike.com/images/blogs/celebrities/2011/05/susan_b_anthony.jpg?quality=0.91 Chavez used nonviolent methods to bring attention to his workers
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