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Tanning Beds

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Haley Deegan

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of Tanning Beds

Haley Deegan
period 4
12.7.12 Rebuttal: Indoor tanning which includes tanning beds has harmful effects on the people who tan, some without proper information about the effects on their body due to false advertising. Concession All tanning is dangerous, and obtaining any sort of UV rays/light can cause cancer and is harmful to your body. Emotional Appeals About the Use of Tanning Beds Logical Appeals about Outlawing Tanning Beds Tanning Beds May Be Even Riskier Than Thought
The UV ray type found in sunbeds might reach into skin's most vulnerable layer, study says
October 6, 2011 RSS Feed Print


New research published online Oct. 6 in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology suggests that the main type of ultraviolet rays used in tanning beds -- UVA1 -- may penetrate to a deep layer of skin that is most vulnerable to the cancer-causing changes caused by UV rays.

The new study comes as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration considers banning the use of tanning beds among children under 18. The American Academy of Pediatrics is on record that it supports such a ban.



"Indoor tanning is like smoking for your skin," said Dr. Doris Day, a dermatologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "It's the single worst thing you can do in terms of skin cancer and premature aging."

Many indoor tanning salons advertise that tanning beds can help boost the body's production of vitamin D, known as the sunshine vitamin because skin makes it when exposed to the sun's rays. "This is nonsense and an excuse," Day said. "We know people burn in tanning beds and that UVA and UVB are toxic."

Teens are particularly vulnerable, she said. "They are immortal in their mind, and skin cancer and aging seem a long ways away." Melanoma, a potentially fatal form of skin cancer, "is not an old person's disease," she said. The new study provides "a little bit more muscle in helping to warn people about the dangers of tanning, but an FDA ban is what we need," she added.

"I do think there should be legislation on sunbed use under 18 years of age," said Young, who added that such use is already prohibited in England.

John Overstreet, executive director of the Indoor Tanning Association, a Washington, D.C.-based trade group representing the industry, said that if there was science to back up many of these claims, the FDA would have acted by now. The agency has been mulling these claims since March 2010, he noted.

What's more, the new study is about ultraviolet radiation, not tanning beds, he said. "Tanning beds have the same ratio of UV waves as the sun. UVA-1 is the primary wave length emitted by the sun, too," he said. "The sun and indoor tanning pose the same risks and benefits if you don't burn. There is no science that shows non-burning exposure to sun or a sun lamp causes cancer."

Dr. Heidi A. Waldorf, director of Laser and Cosmetic Dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, said that the new study adds to the body of evidence about the damaging effects of the sun's rays. "This finding fits with our understanding of UVA as the deeper penetrating 'aging' rays," she said. "The data is important as we discuss regulatory changes in the labeling of broad-spectrum sun protection products and as we educate patients, particularly young women, about the dangers of indoor UVA tanning beds."

The FDA now requires sunscreens to have a minimum sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 and be labeled as broad spectrum to show that that protect against both UVA and UVB waves. Claim:
Tanning beds should be
outlawed due to their harmful effects, and health risks. Counterargument: (tanningbed.jpg) (harmuvrays.jpg) (11358.jpg) (11358.jpg) (uv_ray_graphic_560w.jpg) "Mother accused of letting daughter, 6, use tanning bed" 1 in 5 Americans Will Get Skin Cancer. Will It Be You?
Melanoma, the deadliest form, increasingly strikes younger adults. Here’s how to cut your risk


Sun seekers aren't the only ones putting themselves at risk. The American Academy of Dermatology estimates that some 28 million Americans tan indoors each year, and the age of frequent users is getting younger and younger. A study also conducted by the CDC and NCI found that nearly a third of white women ages 18 to 21 regularly use tanning beds, averaging about 28 visits in 2010. "Ultraviolet radiation from tanning devices [and the sun] is just as carcinogenic to humans as tobacco smoking," says Delphine Lee, a dermatologist and director of translational immunology at the John Wayne Cancer Institute in Santa Monica, Calif. "Studies found a 75 percent increase in the risk of melanoma in those who had been exposed to UV radiation from indoor tanning before the age of 35."

Mention melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer, and John McCain might come to mind— the 75-year-old senator who has endured numerous removals of melanoma from his upper body and face. Recent studies, though, show that it's not an older person's disease. Rather than the likes of McCain, people should really remember reggae musician Bob Marley, who died at age 36 from a metastatic melanoma found on his toe. A Mayo Clinic survey of patients published in April revealed that for people under 40, incidences of melanoma have increased eightfold among women and fourfold among men from 1979 to 2009. This rise in cases may be due to the popularity of indoor tanning, researchers speculate. "Fifteen to 30 minutes in a tanning booth is equal to an entire day at the beach, and the UV [rays] absorbed during a session is 20 times stronger than the rays of the sun," says Howard Murad, a dermatologist and associate clinical professor of medicine at the University of California--Los Angeles.

So why do people keep tanning? Surely the thought of thinning skin, fine lines and wrinkles, liver spots, skin rashes from the interaction between UV rays and certain medications, aggravation of autoimmune diseases, and cataracts—not to mention cancers of the eye and skin—would deter most folks. New research published in the May issue of Addiction Biology suggests that for some people, tanning is not that easy to resist.

Scientists measured the brain activity and blood flow of study participants subjected to ultraviolet radiation in a tanning bed. What they discovered was that the UV rays stimulated several parts of the brain involved in addiction. Quite simply, tanning could be just as habit-forming as drugs or alcohol. Despite all the awareness of the health hazards of tanning, it appears that some people just can't say no when they should.

The Skin Cancer Foundation reports that more than two million people are diagnosed with skin cancer each year, and one person dies from melanoma every hour. "It would be unrealistic to expect the average person not to get some color by the end of the summer," says Lawrence Mark, a dermatologist at the Indiana University Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis. "But there is always some risk with tanning. The question is whether the benefit is worth the risk." (Woodham)
Less than half of all teenagers use sunscreen.
One out of three teenagers say they tan because it looks healthy. In fact, in an AAD survey, more than 80 percent of people aged 25 and younger said they looked better with a tan.
The skin of teens is thought to be more vulnerable than adults'. Teens may be especially susceptible to skin cancer because their cells are dividing and changing more rapidly than those of adults.
A 2002 study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute found that using indoor tanning devices increased the risk of skin cancers - 2.5 times for squamous cell carcinoma and 1.5 times for basal cell carcinoma - compared with nonusers.
37 percent of white female adolescents and over 11 percent of white male adolescents between 13 and 19 years old in the U.S. have used tanning booths.
It is estimated that 2.3 million teens visit a tanning salon at least once a year.
In Ontario, Canada, public health officials launched a campaign to outlaw tanning bed use except for medical purposes, after learning that tanning salons were catering to children as young as eight.
Many states now require parental consent for tanning booth patrons aged 14 to 17. Several states have banned indoor tanning for those under 14, and others are considering such measures.

("Quick Facts about Teen Tanning") Ethical Appeals about Tanning Beds Harmful Effects (TanningTax.png) Health Whats important to you? Indoor ultraviolet (UV) tanners are 74 percent more likely to develop melanoma than those who have never tanned indoors. (http://www.skincancer.org/prevention/tanning) Life Children Family Your eyes..? Tanning salons fail to follow FDA recommendations on tanning frequency. The Food and Drug Administration recommends that indoor tanning be limited to no more than three visits in the first week. Despite this recommendation, three quarters of tanning salons reported that they would permit first-time customers to tan daily; several salon employees volunteered that their salons did not even require 24-hour intervals between tanning sessions. http://www.skincancer.org/news/tanning/tanningreport Goals Priorities Outlawing Tanning Beds? False Advertising (0.jpg) (abc_tanning2_080327_mn.jpg) 09‑sunquest‑32rsp‑tanning‑bed‑big.jpg http://democrats.energycommerce.house.gov/sites/default/files/documents/Tanning%20Investigation%20Report%202.1.12.pdf The effects of tanning beds should not be outlawed due to helping boost self confidence. And Remember this one? how would you feel if this was your mom? (melanoma_1.jpg) Claim: Tanning beds should be
outlawed due to their harmful effects on people. (tanningbeddangerjpg.jpg) (np_0502_tanning_480x360.jpg) (Mann) (tanning‑salon‑secrets‑L.jpg) "Dear 16 year old Me" "FDA may seek tougher tanning bed rules" "Brittany Lietz Speaks out against Tanning Beds and Melanoma" (huge.0.4500.JPG)
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