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Empires of the Classical Age

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by

Saadia Hussain

on 28 September 2016

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Transcript of Empires of the Classical Age

Empires of the Classical Age
Persian Empire
550-100 BC
Ancient Greece
Geography
Had lots of mountains
Made it hard to move around
Couldn't build a large empire like Persia
Small city-states
(Polis)
=
Sparta
Athens
Athenian Women
v.
Spartan Women

How were they different?
Oligarchy - government by a few
Military
Women were citizens
Helots - slaves
Democracy - government by the people
Liked the arts & sciences
Athenian Women -
stayed at home,
no rights, couldn't vote
Greco-Persian War
Persia v. Greece
Athens & Sparta won
Athens starts a "Golden Age"
To Be Continued...
What is an Empire?
A large area of land with diverse people ruled by one leader
G - Covers a large area
R - Usually one religion
A - Can be anything
P - Monarchy
E - Long-distance trade, use one kind of money
S - Kings, nobles, commoners
G - grew out of Mesopotamia
R - Zoroastrianism
Monotheistic
Good v. Evil
A - Road system
increased communication
easy to move army around
postal service
Persepolis - planned out city
P - Monarchy
Satraps
governors helped ruled the empire
Large military
E - Trade with
Greece and India
Farming
S - King --> Governors --> Commoners
Freed slaves
Religious freedom
Coins
Who started the Persian Empire?
How did the Persian get the money to control their empire?
Pythagoras
math
Archimedes
lever pulley system
Socrates
moral philosophy
Eratosthenes
earth is round
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia
Took over Persian Empire
Spread Greek culture throughout the world (Hellenistic Synthesis)
Spartan Women -
more rights, have education, leave the house
Roman Empire (27 BC - 476 AD)
Roman Republic (509 BC - 27 BC)
Religion
Polytheistic
Stolen from Greek gods
Politics/Government
Republic - government run by representatives voted by the people
Senate - ran government
Social Structure
Patricians - rich
Plebeians - regular people
Slaves
Women could own property
Economy
Trade with North Africa and China
What is the most important thing to the Spartans?
Who did all the work in Sparta?
How did Spartan's treat women?
Achievement
Twelve Tables of Law
Equality under the law - everyone has to follow the law
Geography
Located on the Italian Peninsula around Mediterranean Sea
From Republic to Empire
Julius Caesar
Octavian (Augustus)
Took over Republic --> Dictatorship
Government ruled by one military leader
First emperor of Rome
Geography
Republic land + Western Europe
Religion
Polytheistic
Christianity considered illegal
Expansion - empire grew,
Stability - no fighting inside empire
Innovation - new ideas & inventions
Politics/Government
Monarchy
Senate lost power
Economy
Trade
Social Structure
Same as Republic
Achievements
Pax Romana (Roman Peace) - time period with expansion, stability, innovation and peace
Full transcript