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Empires of the Classical Age
Transcript of Empires of the Classical Age
Had lots of mountains
Made it hard to move around
Couldn't build a large empire like Persia
How were they different?
Oligarchy - government by a few
Women were citizens
Helots - slaves
Democracy - government by the people
Liked the arts & sciences
Athenian Women -
stayed at home,
no rights, couldn't vote
Persia v. Greece
Athens & Sparta won
Athens starts a "Golden Age"
To Be Continued...
What is an Empire?
A large area of land with diverse people ruled by one leader
G - Covers a large area
R - Usually one religion
A - Can be anything
P - Monarchy
E - Long-distance trade, use one kind of money
S - Kings, nobles, commoners
G - grew out of Mesopotamia
R - Zoroastrianism
Good v. Evil
A - Road system
easy to move army around
Persepolis - planned out city
P - Monarchy
governors helped ruled the empire
E - Trade with
Greece and India
S - King --> Governors --> Commoners
Who started the Persian Empire?
How did the Persian get the money to control their empire?
lever pulley system
earth is round
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia
Took over Persian Empire
Spread Greek culture throughout the world (Hellenistic Synthesis)
Spartan Women -
more rights, have education, leave the house
Roman Empire (27 BC - 476 AD)
Roman Republic (509 BC - 27 BC)
Stolen from Greek gods
Republic - government run by representatives voted by the people
Senate - ran government
Patricians - rich
Plebeians - regular people
Women could own property
Trade with North Africa and China
What is the most important thing to the Spartans?
Who did all the work in Sparta?
How did Spartan's treat women?
Twelve Tables of Law
Equality under the law - everyone has to follow the law
Located on the Italian Peninsula around Mediterranean Sea
From Republic to Empire
Took over Republic --> Dictatorship
Government ruled by one military leader
First emperor of Rome
Republic land + Western Europe
Christianity considered illegal
Expansion - empire grew,
Stability - no fighting inside empire
Innovation - new ideas & inventions
Senate lost power
Same as Republic
Pax Romana (Roman Peace) - time period with expansion, stability, innovation and peace