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Ethnic Conflict in the Philippines
Transcript of Ethnic Conflict in the Philippines
The Philippine Mindanao conflict is the second oldest internal conflict in the world. Mindanao is located at the Southern end of the Philippine archipelago with a population of roughly 18 million people.
Separatist Movements: MNLF and MILF
The Philippines has been battling Muslim secessionist movements in the southern part of the country for over forty years. The Moro National Liberation Front, organized in 1972 by Professor Nur Misuari, became by far the most important separatist organization in the 1970s and -80s.
For the attainment of genuine peace and resolution of the Muslim problem in Mindanao, the Philippine government, the Muslim leadership, the insurgent groups, and other stakeholders must act on the following:
When the Philippine government, or any government for that matter, resolves ethnic conflict by favoring one group over the other, any effort towards conflict-resolution is bound to fail. When it extends group entitlements to ethnic groups based on group rights and group identity, it sharpens ethnic differences and fuels ethnic wars.(Basic reason)
The issue of this racial problem controversy has disturbed the regulation and peace of human rights and has caused a prolonging ethnic war.
Its purpose was to promote a cultural-historical identity that would appeal to the concept of Philippine Muslim nationalism and would emphasize traditional Muslim political institutions, particularly the sultanates.
Attempts towards peace and reconciliation took place in late 1976, when talks were held between the Philippine government and the leaders of the MNLF.
The ceasefire failed as fighting resumed the following year.
The Moro Islamic Liberation Front Reformist Movement split from the MNLF in 1977
In January 1987,
the MILF adopted a more radical position when it refused the government’s offer of autonomy.
The MNLF, meanwhile, had agreed to relinquish its goal of full
independence and settled for autonomy.
In 1987, the Philippine government and the MILF met in Malaysia and agreed to hold peace negotiations.
At the crux of these peace talks is the demand of the MILF to grant Filipino Muslims the right to self-determination, to their own Bangsamoro identity and a homeland.
Philippine Government’s Solution: Autonomy and Cultural Separatism
Problem:Cultural Separatism and Group Rights Sharpen Ethnic Conflict
In order to lay down the proper framework for genuine peace in Mindanao, insurgent groups must disarm.
Strong local governments.
In as much as the Philippine government is not a federal form of government, it must strengthen instead its regional and local governments in a way that they become direct ties of representation and power between the citizens and the central government.
A diversified market-economy is a source of prosperity, an opportunity for people to define their own lives, and an opportunity to advance the community’s economic well-being.
Since it is a conflict in history and still influences a lot nowadays, the best way to solve it, for us, it must be in grace. Both sides of the leaders should have a deep and sincerely communication. People who live in Mindanao are innocent.