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Disaster Risk Reduction
Transcript of Disaster Risk Reduction
Hazard + Vulnerability / capacity
Why is DRR important?
Ignoring risk hurts
Who and Where?
Fundamentals of DRR
Participatory risk assessments
On the DRR COW are a great deal of resources: Workbooks, training powerpoints and guidelines.
1. Review context and support the community to form a committee
2. Carry out a participatory risk assessment
Timelines, Hazard characteristics and ranking, mapping and tree diagrams
3. Action planning
4. Implementation of key actions by the community
Common issues and challenges
Funding - DRR is NOT cheap - it is entire process and the whole narrative should be considered.
Where is your project contingency plan? What are the possible scenarios?
It requires multiple stakeholders - community members through to national government officials
What is the exit strategy?
Who owns this process?
The HVCA is just step 1 towards DRR
Community owned and community led
Disaster Risk Reduction
International law states that to have protection and relief from disasters is a basic human right. Despite this, there are millions suffering around the world who will never have that basic right. They will certainly be killed before action is taken.
Between 1992 and 2012 approximately 1.3 million people were killed unjustly during a disaster.
According to the UN body for Disaster Reduction, the UNISDR, this is the equivalent of over 3000 jumbo jet crashes.
• 09:30-10:15 Introduction to DRR concepts and definitions
• 10:15-11:15 A ‘hands-on’ review of the tools and methods for DRR
• 11:15 Break
• 11:30 – 12:00 CAFOD and DRR – the story so far...including case study examples, our current approach and technical guidance
• 12:00-12:30 A look to the future for DRR – some key sector wide discussions and innovations
• 12:45-14:00 Learning lunch: E-learning showcase in the Romero House
When and What?
Activity: In pairs discuss a specific disaster:
What was the cause?
What was the impact?
But don’t just take disaster statistics at face value. Data bases are NEVER 100% accurate.
Recording the number of people impacted by a disaster can be extremely difficult for example the number of deaths from the 2010 Haiti earthquake range from 70,000 to 200,00.
Check the disaster database for your region or country:
Earthquakes in real-time
So what is DRR and climate change adaptation ?
“Action taken to reduce the risk of disasters and the adverse impacts of natural hazards, through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causes of disasters”
What are the steps for DRR?
What is Risk?
Consider the risk associate with these scissors - what makes them potentially dangerous?
Risk assessments examine all components of risk
When do we do DRR?
Promote a consideration of potential hazards and vulnerability in development programming.
Ensure that development and humanitarian programmes do no harm by inadvertently increasing vulnerability of disaster risks.
Integrate emergency response capacity into long term development programming.
Integrate DRR and climate change adaptation.
What, where and how?
3D mapping, local government engagement
School rehabilitation and building back better
Integrated with livelihoods
Specific focus on people living with disabilities
Ignoring hazards hurts
DRR is about raising awareness, changing behavior and taking action to reduce vulnerability and increase capacity.
Understanding the hazards characteristics and underlying root causes of vulnerability are key.
DRR should be a key part of decision making: project design through to community level action
Governments are responsible for DRR and should have a DRR policy in place - advocacy at all levels is really important for DRR funding and action.
DRR is and should be participatory: those at risk must be part of the process otherwise it will not succeed.
Okay your turn:
Get into groups
and identify a leader
Leaders come to me
You are going to try a disaster timeline and hazards ranking and characteristics exercise
Watch the inter agency video 'disasters are a development concern'
What were the main elements of risk reduction?
Started with 5 pilot projects in 2008 and now currently supporting over 500 communities worldwide carry out risk assessment
DRR is a priority theme and we report to DFID on DRR for the PPA
Recent new country projects include Sudan and Niger - both exciting new Resilience funding.
Fundamental approach is the same, but tailored to each context.
Future of DRR
Urban and fragile contexts
Technologies: rapid risk assessments, modeling, visualisations
International Framework 2015
A 'go to' website for DRR
CAFOD framework, training materials and tools and much more
DRR and CCA e-learning package