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WWII Research Task - USA

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Brody Turner

on 10 October 2016

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Transcript of WWII Research Task - USA


Leader's and Major Parties
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Henry H. Arnold
Prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, he attempted to aid the Allies without declaring war.
He was the Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II.
WWII Research Project

Why did USA join the War?
Throughout the war America tried to stay formally neutral while still supplying Britain,
China and the Soviet Union. They were successful with this for the first two years of the global conflict.
7th of December 1941 A Japanese attack on an American Naval base.
Over 2400 people were killed and thousands more wounded
100 boats were destroyed including 8 battleships.
200 aircrafts destroyed beyond repair.

America's engagement in the War
What Happened after the war?
When did USA join the War?
Brody Turner Kieran Marriott Jess Fossati
The United States of America joined the conflict after officially declaring war on The Japanese Empire on the 8th of December, 1941. The day before the attack on Pearl Harbour President Roosevelt had appealed for Japan not to drag their two nations into War. On the 11th of December 3 days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States of America.
United States of America
The first American hostile action against Axis forces was on 10 April 1941, when the destroyer USS Niblack attacked a German U-boat that had just sunk a Dutch freighter.
There were over 450 events which America were involved in over the course of the global war.
Throughout Americas involvement in WWII they had over 400,000 deaths directly due to the war.

Social Changes
Technological and Medical Advancements
Enormous technological progress was made during the war. The English developed radar which would become the predecessor of television.

Progress in electronics and computers (specifically the Transistor) provided the starting point for development in technology, transforming the World postwar.

The development of the atomic bomb by European and American scientists during the war transformed the nature of potential future war it also marked the beginning of the nuclear power industry.

As a result of the war Penicillin was manufactured in large quantities for the first time.
Surgical procedures improved.
Blood plasma was more widely used.

America's Engagement - Surrender of Japan
As the war in Europe was coming to an end Japan and the USA where still at war.
On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima.
On August 8, 1945 the Soviet Union declared war on Japan.
Later that same day, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb, this time on the city of Nagasaki.
And finally, to bring the official end of WWII the foreign affairs minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on board USS Missouri.

Many people feared the end of WWII would bring harsh conditions similar to the great depression, however after World War 2 the United States emerged as the richest and most powerful nation in the world.

The war had led to many technological and medical advancements. It also had a big impact on the way American people live their everyday lives.
The end of World War 2 brought a huge sense of patriotism and elation too american citizens but it was rare to find a family that didn't have a relative lost due to the war.

The war also provided an essential platform for the black civil rights movement later in 1950/60s. Before the Second World War black Americans were nearly always treated as second class citizens.
Before the war there was segregation in the armed forces, only 12 black officers were appointed, and no black person was allowed to provide blood for transfusions.
However as the war continued the number of black officers and pilots increased, black soldiers saw combat duty and they were allowed to give blood transfusions.

After the war the United States and the Soviet Union became the two leading global powers - the superpowers
State Governments in America lost political power as Federal Governments gained more
Social Changes
The war was costly; Governments were finding ways to pay for their war efforts. Most countries issued bonds to help finance the war. In the United States these were called Defense savings bonds and war savings bonds, these prevented the chance of inflation by taken money out of circulation. After the war had concluded these would hopefully encourage consumer spending.

The United States' Lend- Lease program eased the problem of 38 Allied nations by providing billions of dollars' worth of war goods. Germany and Japan had a more direct approach to help to pay for their war effort by looting the countries they conquered of industrial machinery, raw materials, and virtually anything else of value.
These are the 8 Battleships that were destroyed or damaged beyond repair.
Cordell Hull

George Marshall

William Joseph Donovan

Harry S. Truman
United States Congress
Secretary of State, he was responsible for foreign relations . After the war he was the key architect for establishing the United Nations
President Truman ordered the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. After the war he oversaw postwar recovery efforts.
General of the Army and the Chief of Staff during the war. After the war he led the post-war reconstruction effort in Europe
Passed the Lend-Lease to provide the Allies with materials. Also passed legislation to declare war on Japan.
The return of the soldiers contributed to a massive housing boom, suburbs grew rapidly as people from the city wanted to move, and had the money to.

Another change as a result of the war was a change in fashion. Dresses became shorter, vests, cuffs and double-breasted suits disappeared, all to conserve cotton and wool.

The role of women in society also changed during the war, the most obvious change being more women in uniform- there was a separate unit in the military for women.

A Brief History of the Growth of Suburbs, http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/systems/agentsheets/new-vista/automobile/suburbia.html, 9/8/13
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Colin Stief (2013), An Overview of Suburbs, http://geography.about.com/od/urbaneconomicgeography/a/suburbs.htm, 11/8/13
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(2013), Economic and Social Impacts of WW2 on Americans, http://thentzman.edublogs.org/2013/03/17/economic-and-social-impacts-of-wwii-on-americans/, 11/8/13
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Trasistorized, (1999), Radar During World War II, http://www.pbs.org/transistor/background1/events/radar.html, Date Accessed: 11/8/2013
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Wikiepedia, (9th August 2013), War Bond, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_bond ,Date Accessed :11/8/2013
Wikipedia, (22nd July 2013), Allied Leaders of WWII, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_leaders_of_World_War_II , Date Accessed: 11/8/2103
Wikianswers, ( 8th December 2012), What was the role of the United States during World War 2, http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_was_the_role_of_the_United_States_in_World_War_2, Date Accessed : 11/8/2013
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Wikipedia, ( 21st July 2013), Lend-Lease, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lend-Lease, Date Accessed: 8/8/2013.
BBC (2013), Franklin D. Roosevelt 1882-1945, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/roosevelt_franklin_delano.shtml, 12/8/13
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Dwight D. Eisenhower

He was responsible for planning and supervising the liberation of France with the invasion of Nazi Germany
Donovan and the OSS was responsible for collecting intelligence by the Army, Navy, and State Department.
After the war America and The soviet Union became the political super powers of the world.
State Governments in America lost political power as Federal Governments gained more.
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