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Subjects & Verbs (ENGL 100)

Adapted from Langan, Chapter 6.
by

Melissa A.

on 3 September 2013

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Transcript of Subjects & Verbs (ENGL 100)

Sentence Foundation
Subjects
Prepositional
Phrases

Compound Subjects & Verbs
Review
Verbs
To find a verb, ask what the sentence says about the subject.
Every sentence must express a complete thought (it needs to make sense).
Without a subject, a sentence is incomplete. To find a subject, ask who or what a sentence is about.
Simple Sentences
A prepositional phrase is a group of words beginning with a preposition and ending with the answer to the question
what
,
when
, or
where
.
In order to be complete, a sentence must have a ____ and a ____. It must also _____ _______.
Helping Verbs
Subjects, Verbs, and Prepositional Phrases
Every sentence must include a subject and a verb.
Alaska contains the largest wilderness area in the U.S.
The truck belched fumes.

The woman is a millionaire.

The pants feel itchy.
A subject can be a noun or pronoun
A
noun
names a person, place, or thing (Ex: woman, dog, phone, school)

A
pronoun
takes the place of a noun (I, you, he, she, we, it, they, etc.)

A
proper noun
is a specific person, place, or thing (Ex: Superman or South Texas College)
A
singular subject
is one person, place, or thing.

A
plural subject
is more than one person, place, or thing.
Frequently Used Prepositions
about
above
across
after
against
along
around
as
at
before
behind
below
beneath
beside
by
despite
during
except
for
from
in
inside
into
like
near
of
off
on
onto
out
outside
over
through
throughout
to
toward
underneath
until
up
upon
with
within
without
What question can you ask to determine the subject of a sentence?
A prepositional phrase consists of a __________ and its ________.
T or F: A subject can be made up of more than one word.
T or F: A sentence can have more than one verb.
Verb
Subject
Always underline the subject one time.
What are the subjects in the
following sentences?
What is the difference between a noun and a proper noun?
The truck belched fumes.
We already know that "truck" is the subject. Now what does the sentence
say about
the truck?
What are the verbs in the following sentences?

The woman is a millionaire.

The pants feel itchy.
Practice 1, page 87
Try the odd numbers.
1. Rachel poured extra virgin olive oil into the skillet.

3. The talk show host introduced ten-year-old Drake as a future American Idol star.

5. The discarded cigarette butt burned a hole in the upholstery.

7. Royden tripped over the tangled cables behind my office desk.

9. The lawn trimmer tossed small rocks and debris into the air.
Always cross out prepositional phrases. The subject will never be part o the prepositional phrase, so it's helpful to cross out prepositional phrases first.
In the middle of the night, we heard footsteps on the roof.
Practice 4, page 89
1. Stripes of sunlight glowed on the kitchen floor.

8. Debris from the accident littered the intersection.
Try numbers 3 and 6 on your own.
Sometimes verbs are made up of more than one word:
Another book has been written about the Kennedy family.


We should have stopped for gas.


Yolanda is working overtime this week.
Tip 1: Words like
not
,
just
,
never
,
only
, and
always
are not part of the verb, although they may appear within the verb.
Yolanda is not working overtime next week.

The boys should just not have stayed out so late.

The game has always been played regardless
of the weather.
Tip 2: No verb preceded by to is ever the verb of a sentence.
Sue wants to go with us.

The newly married couple decided to rent a house.

The store needs extra people to help out.
Tip 3: No -ing word by itself is ever the verb of a sentence. It may be part of the verb, but it must have a helping verb in front of it.
We planning the trip for months. (Incomplete)

We were planning the trip for months. (Complete)
Practice 5, page 91
Try #1-5
1. Only Einstein could have passed that math test.

2. She could have been killed by that falling rock.

3. The children did not recognize their father in his Halloween costume.

4. The hunger strikers have been fasting for four days.

5.I could not see the tiny letters on the last row of the eye doctor's chart.
Sometimes a sentence has more than one verb:

The dancer stumbled and fell.

Lola washed her hair, blew it dry, and parted it in the middle.
Sometimes a sentence has more than one subject:

Cats and dogs are sometimes the best of friends.

The striking workers and their bosses could not come to an agreement.
Sometimes a sentence has several subjects and several verbs:

Holly and I read the book and reported on it to the class.

Pete, Nick, and Eric caught the fish in the morning, cleaned them in the afternoon, and ate them that night.
Practice 6, page 91: Try # 1 - 3 on your own.

1. The trees creaked and shuddered in the powerful wind.

2. The little girl fell off the jungle gym and landed in the dirt.

3. On Sunday, I will vacuum the upstairs rooms and change the linens.
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