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The Research Project, MLA Format, & Plagiarism
Transcript of The Research Project, MLA Format, & Plagiarism
& Avoiding Plagiarism You may use information from a variety of sources, including: books, websites, brochures, DVDs, in-person interviews, etc. Or...use easybib.com Quick Question Which is the best source for facts on death penalty statistics, particularly the percentage of minority inmates on death row?
a. An interview with Mrs. Pauli
c. Your history book
d. A government website
e. An almanac #1 Keep note of which facts/quotes/etc., come from which resource, and retain the exact wording. (You can paraphrase when you enter the info in your paper.) #2 Add each source to your "Works Cited" page as you write your paper - this keeps you from losing track of your source and being unable to locate it later! Step #1
Begin Your Research Go to OWL.com for instructions Plagiarism If the words or ideas didn't come from your own brain - they don't belong to you!!! Basics of a
Research Project Definition Plagiarism - when a writer uses someone else's language, ideas, or other original (not common-knowledge) material
ITS SOURCE. Once you have located your first resource material, you can begin gathering information. BUT, keep three things in mind... One of the reasons I listen to rap music is because it seems to be completely different from anything I've ever heard. Mtume ya Salaam confirms this opinion when he states that rap is "an entirely new sound" (306). He goes on to say that many listeners, even critics, don't understand rap because it sounds so unfamiliar to them, unlike disco or funk, which have sprung from rhythm and blues (306). When you include facts, quotes, or data, be sure to include INTERNAL CITATION immediately after the information: (author's last name, page). EXACTLY like this:
"Rap music, unlike disco or funk, is a new genre unto itself" (Salaam, 306). Cite the source immediately after the material (McEldowney, 3). If you are using the same source you previously used, you may cite a page number only.
Example: "Direct quotes are presented inside quotation marks" (McEldowney, 1). If you paraphrase the original quote (rewrite it in your own words) there will be no quotation marks. BUT, it WILL still be cited (McEldowney). Partial quotes will have quotation marks "only around the material that is being used exactly as written" (McEldowney). And, make sure you use the appropriate MLA format for the particular medium - a book is formatted differently than a website, a magazine is formatted differently than a television program...and so on... But... Internal Citation... Be Sure To... EVERY TIME!!! How & When
Information Just make sure your source is legit!!! An .edu or .gov website
A professional journal
An interview with an expert on the topic
Primary sources (the original source of the quote/ research, etc.) Wikipedia
Any material put out there by a non-expert
A blog Maybe-Maybe Not A .org website
A paid advertisement
Popular publications like Teen People or Newsweek Traits of a Legit Source... Authority - wrote or provided by a credible expert
Objectivity - the source is balanced; nonbiased
Currency - it is recent. (This becomes less important
when addressing a distant event.)
Accuracy - it has been fact-checked; you can verify
the information in other sources
Depth - the presented material is substantial and in-
depth, not lacking or superficial Practice
Quiz True or False?
Copying and pasting from the Internet can be done without citing the Internet page, because everything on the Internet is common knowledge and can be used without citation. FALSE True or False?
You don't have to use quotation marks when you quote an author as long as you cite the author's name at the end of the paragraph. True or False?
When you summarize a block of text from another work, citing the source at the end of your paper is sufficient. True or False?
If you quote your roommate in an interview, you don't have to cite him/her or use quotation marks. True True
You don't have to quote famous proverbs because they're common knowledge. True or False? If you borrow someone's idea and use it in a paper, you don't have to cite it. True or False? Using a few phrases from an article and mixing them in with your own words is not plagiarism. True or false?
Song lyrics don't have to be cited. True or False? If you come across the phrase "era of error," you must cite it. True or False? The date for George Washington's birthday is common knowledge, so you aren't required to cite the source in which you found it. How many did YOU get right Be prepared
for a real quiz! In this situation, d is your best answer. Governments run and regulate the prisons, so their data would be most accurate, and websites are typically more current. E, is also an excellent answer, because almanacs contain a wealth of random facts, and are recognized as documents of record. So...You know WHERE
to search. What is
the next step, after
you have gathered
resources??? #3 Make a print copy of the text, or maintain a separate sheet of notes for EACH resource. In addition to your "Works Cited" page, you ALSO need to attribute (cite) the source EVERY time you use a fact or quote IN THE BODY OF YOUR PAPER. For the bibliography,
or "Works Cited" page
at the end of your paper... Helpful Hint:
Cut & paste from easybib.com on to your own "Works Cited" page. Your bibliography/"Works Cited" page
will appear on the last page (slide, section, etc.)
will be double spaced throughout
will be alphabetized by the first letter(s) of the entry
will have a "hanging indent" - meaning that the first line of the entry will be left justified and all following lines will be indented
will follow MLA format - you can look it up in an MLA handbook (or owl.com)...or allow an online citation site (like easybib.com or citationmachine.net) to do the work for you It will look something like this...except THE TITLE WILL BE ITALICIZED...which is something I can't do in a Prezi.
King, Stephen. On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. New York: Scribner, 2000. Print.
McEldowney, Jodie A. The Written Word. New York: Random
House, 2012. Print.
Russell, Tony, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M. Paiz, and
Purdue OWL Staff. "Welcome to the Purdue OWL." Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting
and Style Guide. Purdue University, 2012. Web. 02 Nov. 2012.