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Maya, Aztecs, and Inca Civilizations

Mesoamerica presentation
by

Angel Tapia

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Maya, Aztecs, and Inca Civilizations

Maya, Aztecs and Inca
Similar
Different
Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations
Maya & Inca
Inca & Aztec
The Civilizations Mayans & Aztecs
Greater Differences or Similarities?
Maya
City-states each governed by a hereditary ruling class
City-states were at war a lot
Captured other people to make them slave or sacrifice
All life was in hands of a divine ruler
Cities were built around a central pyramid
Inca
Young men were required to be in the Army
Empire was divided into four quarters each ruled
Inca subjects were in forced labor
Roads that stretched 24,800 miles
Incan state was built on war
Similarities
Both Incas and Aztecs participated in human sacrifices
Both had very developed civilization
Both were conquered by Spain. (Aztec by Herman Cortes, Inca by Francisco Pizarro)
Both believed in idols (polygamy)
Both depended on agriculture
Both believed and worshiped a sun god
Different
Inca's empire was more vast than the Aztec
Inca's method of communication was more advanced with the creation of a runner system who carried messages to their capital and other areas within the empire.
The locations were in different areas - Inca lived in the Andes Mountains and Aztec resided in the Mexico Valley.
Inca used quipus for documentation and Aztec used codex.
Maya and Aztec Differences
Maya and Aztec Similarities
Reason 1
Aztecs used formation of town glyphs from pairs of pictogram.

Inca had more vast and advanced architectural buildings.

Inca had separate divided civilizations.
Reason 2
Mayans were the first to live for the longest period of time, in Mexico. Then came the Inca
until the Spaniards showed up in 1519.
All three civilizations have different ways of farming.

Reason 3
The
3
reason was because they all lived in a different climate and they lived in different time period so they wouldn't be able to survive one different climates if they had too.
~They were polytheistic civilization.
Both
Had great Architecture, that showed in monuments and buildings
Emperors believed to be descended from gods
Believed in human sacrifices
Economy was mainly based on Agriculture
~Aztec used formation of town glyphs from pairs of pictogram.
~Mayan used hieroglyphics for record keeping.
~The civilizations were architectural they made reflections of their gods, and kings and they were hand sculpted.
~These civilizations had a political structure of monarchs.
~Mayans sacrificed for their gods.
The Inca established a government with laws and a complex road system, however they did not have a writing system
Aztecs centered their society around religion
Mayans: 3000 years
Aztecs: 1400s-1519
Inca: 1400s-1532
Advanced in writing, mathematics, astronomy, and detailed architecture
Polytheistic civilizations
Spanish conquistadors manage to over power each civilization
~Advanced in agriculture and made technology to help them.
~Believed in different gods and the way they helped the people.
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