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Becoming part of Community
Allow students to think before answering
Group awards instead of individual
Avoid eye contact
Non-verbal Demographics 5.2 million Native Americans live in US
-2.3 million Full Native Americans
-2.9 million Native American combined with another type of race Classroom Materials Early History of Native Americans rising tensions between Europeans and indians Manifest Destiny drove on the idea of making Native Americans assimilate into European culture. "Kill the indian save the Man" In boarding schools Native American children were not allowed to speak in their native tongue. Native American/Alaskan Native females score higher on reading assessments than their male counterparts in both fourth and eighth grade. (NAEP, 2011) Reading MATHEMATICS According to the NAEP mathematics assessment scores, there is not a significant difference between male and female achievement. Higher Education Work Force High School Purple=Male
Gray=Female In 2004-05,
45.8% of males graduated with a regular diploma &
52.5% of females graduated with a regular diploma.
(Alliance for Excellent Education) Figures from (Lee, 2011) Women vs. Men Enrollment of Native American women increased 98% from 1976-1994 compared to the 52% national increase for women Large increase of women in higher education=large increase for overall Native American population 1993-1994: Women earned over 50% of associate's, bachelor's, master's, and doctor's degrees given to Native Americans. Women's share in first-professional degrees increased from 19% (in '77) to 40% (in '94). Purple=male
Gray=female Women: education, health, psychology
Men: engineering, physical sciences, social sciences, computer/information sciences, agriculture, natural resources Differences in Fields of Study + - 1/2 % (NCES, 1998) Change in balance of degree attainment for males and females Native American Males vs. Females 66% of males and 57% of females are part of the labor force. Median income of Native American men: $28,900 vs. $37,057 for all workers.
(full-time workers, year-round) Median income for Native American women: $22,800 vs. $27,200 for all female workers. (Census, 2006) (NAEP, 2011) http://www.bia.gov/WhoWeAre/index.htm Invading Europeans and the Indians. Disease wipes out many Native Americans.
Raids on settlers? or resistance to invaders? French & Indian War. Location of Native American Population in United States Most Populated: West: 41%
Northwest: 10% National Indian Education Study Two Part Study sponsored by the Office of Indian Education conducted in 2005 and 2007 -Ohio Population: 90,124 people Part 1:
In depth assessment of 4th and 8th grade Part 2:
Survey Method to explore educational experiences Total of 560 Native American Tribes and communities recognized by US Government Trail of Tears Location of Tribes in United States Four Important Regions
-Mississippi River to Rocky Mountains
-Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah
-Atlantic Ocean to Mississippi River Problems Lack of Money
Lack of qualified Indians
Insensitive School personnel
Differing expectations in programs
Lack of involvement
Lack of control of education matters
Difficulties of students in higher education
Too many instant- Indian education Results No Child Left Behind Act State Tribal Education Program (STEP) -Highest Percentage of population: California 2% Western Region
(Alaska to Northern California) -Haida
-Tsimshian Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah Region Primarily Aztec Indians Mississippi to
Rocky Mts. Algonquian
Hokan Regions of Tribes Mississippi River to Atlantic Ocean Natchez
Creek - 1924 the Snyder Act gave Native Americans citizenship in the United States and gave them the right to vote. - 1968 Indian Civil Rights Act continued the support of self-governed Indian tribes and implemented the United States Bill of Rights to all Indian nations. - 2009 Congress passed legislation that established the Friday immediately following Thanksgiving Day of each year as “Native American Heritage Day.” Also November is designated as “Native American Heritage Month.” Cultural Achievements Continued Organizations National Indian Education Association – Promotes culturally based education to preserve languages and traditions of Native Americans in the United States. Native Achievement Initiative - An initiative set up by Teach for America in 2010 and it send teachers into Native American communities to teach their children. Currently 400 teachers are teaching 15,000 children. Financial Aid - American Indian College Fund - Bureau of Indian Education Lessons Plans - Bureau of Indian Higher Education Grant Curriculum Resources - Indian Health Service Scholarship Extracurricular Activities Assumptions Adolescent Children (“Census,” 2010). (Census, 2010). (Natives, 2011). Uneducated BGSU Navajo Immersion Trip Gambling (Sorkness & Kelting-Gibson, p. 5) http://nativeamericans.mrdonn.org/northeast/ojibwa/dreamcatchers.html Dream Catchers Instructions History Meaning www.proteacher.com Folktales Acting Group work Script writing http://www.teachervision.fen.com Sandpainting Math Fort Ancient http://www.ohiohistory.org Native American Museum in Ohio Field Trip! Young Native Writers Essay Contest Holland & Knight Charitable Foundation http://www.nativetimes.com "Encourages Native American Youth to Explore Their Heritage" http://www.apbspeakers.com Classroom Speakers Winona LaDuke Media portrays Native Americans in film and television as... Values and Traditions Important values include: - Bravery
- Endurance of pain and suffering
- Self-respect and self-worth
- Respect for others
- Individual Freedom Traditions include: - Taking care and listening to elders
- Not to interfere with others
- No direct eye contact (sign of disrespect)
- Jewelry and food
- Music and art Cultural Diversity - One of the most popular misconceptions about American Indians is that they are all the same - one homogenous group of people who look alike, speak the same language, and share the same customs and history - As of August 2012 there were 560 recognized Indian tribes in the United States and many of them have their own traditions, customs, and even languages. (Natives, 2011) (Natives, 2011) (Natives, 2011) (Natives, 2011) 1492 Jamestown Expeditions Custer's Last Stand Indian Reorganization Act 1934 The End Income and Poverty Rates -Median Household income: $31,799
Most common occupations?
-Poverty Rate: 26% (701,000 below poverty line)
(Census, 2010) Questions? Amends the Indian Education Programs Gave $2 million among 4 tribes