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Primary Causes of Crime during Industrial Revolution
Transcript of Primary Causes of Crime during Industrial Revolution
• A tremendous growth in population, combined with both the agricultural and industrial revolutions, led to an enormous increase in crime.
• Most criminals were poor, unskilled and uneducated people from overcrowded cities and/or rural villages.
• The movement of people from villages to cities put a lot of pressure on the already existing lower classes of the cities.
• For some, crime was an easy way out, while for others, it was a necessity. Steal or Starve.
• Many people found themselves without jobs or homes, because of the sudden increase in population.
• The authorities found this sudden increase in crime rather surprising and hard to control, as those committing those acts were ordinary people that were happy before.
• Surprisingly, children also contributed to the rise of crime by mainly the adults. This was because children were easier to direct, didn't have many rights and didn't have to get paid as much.
• Unexpectedly, Drunkenness also played a major part in educing people to turn to crime. Almost every lower-class citizen became drunk every day, and this cause them to do things they wouldn't usually. Drinking everyday also meant that they were unable to pay for the drink itself, or other needs, which in turn had them arrested. They became drunk because it was only in drink that they could find happiness and relief, which they sorely needed, as their own lives were torn apart because of the sudden rise in population, loss of jobs, unbearable work conditions and poverty.
• The sudden industrialization of many jobs also meant that raw materials, like cotton, wool, wheat and other plants became harder to come by, because all the materials were being sold to factories. This meant that those not working in a factory had to pay more to get these necessary materials. And because the lower-class couldn't pay, the only way they could get raw materials was through stealing them.
Carrodus. G et Al. 2013. Oxford Big Ideas Australian Curriculum History 9. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press (S1, S2, S3)
National Archives (Primary Source):
Sir Robert Peel. 1829 Metropolitian Police Act.