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Influences on American Government
Transcript of Influences on American Government
Within this contract he stated that people must give up some of their freedoms if they want government protections.
People only need to obey their government as long as it is protecting their rights. Baron de Montesquieu Developed the idea of separation of powers within government.
Dividing branches in order to keep any one branch from becoming too powerful. John Locke Locke was an English Philosopher who argued that people were born free, equal and independent.
Everyone possesses natural rights, which are: life, liberty and property that no government can take away. Magna Carta A document that protected
the rights of the nobles and
eventually all of England Allowed for equal treatment
under the law and trial by
one's peers Common Law Common Law was basically created by accident.
As court systems developed in England many judges began deciding cases based on prior decisions.
This provided consistent rulings and what became known as common law.
Rather than resting on laws created by lawmakers, people would follow what courts had decided. English Parliament and Bill of Rights These two things provided the basis for the American Congress and
the inalienable rights that we know today.
They also restricted the monarch's power and eliminated cruel and
unusual punishment Mayflower Compact The earliest government plan for modern America THE END!!!!!! The Social Contract Theory The concept of the state (a group of people with a government) arose as a voluntary act of free people. Furthermore, it exists only to serve the people, who are the sole source of power, and the people have the right and the duty to give or withhold that power as they choose. Basic Concepts of Democracy Equality of all persons Majority Rule, Minority Rights Necessity of compromise Individual Freedom Worth of the individual Majority rule only works if you're also considering individual rights. Because you can't have five wolves and one sheep voting on what to have for supper. ~Author Unknown