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ARCHETYPES

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by

Sara Stevick

on 27 May 2014

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Transcript of ARCHETYPES

ARCHETYPES
What is an Archetype?
An archetype can be a:
Character
Theme
Pattern of action

Character, theme or pattern of action?
CHARACTER ARCHETYPES
Detail 3
Detail 4
An archetype is used as a model
for writing.

Characters are are people or things with human qualities. Many characters have one of the following archetypes:
Hero
Villain
Heroine
Sidekick
trickster
shrew
outsider
misfit
individualist
rebel
Earth mother
caretaker
innocent
Examples:
Love conquers all
good vs evil
loss of innocence
Struggle with self
Struggle with nature
Power of love
Themes are the 'big idea' behind the story.
Patterns of action are the way events normally happen in a story.
...HUH?
For example...
Boy meets girl
They fall in love
There is something that is not letting them be together
They overcome the problem
They live happily ever after.
So...is that it?
No :)
HERO
Hero- A good character who goes against evil to make all lives better
Heroes have many characteristics:
Leaves family
Maybe separated
Raised away from home
Traumatic event leading to a journey/quest
Something happens to change the hero's life forever.
Special Weapon
Only works for the hero
Supernatural help
Often has help from someone or a special power
Odd Birth
Royal
Often in danger
Different from normal people
Proves himself
Is successful on different tasks while on journey
A hero can have some or all of these traits
Villain
Tragic flaw or weakness
Something that makes it hard to solve problems
An evil character that is against the hero
Characteristics of a Villain
Responsible for harm, problems or damage
Sneaky/Cunning
Sneak around to do dirty work
Does evil for personal gain (immoral)
Does not follow the rules
Cruel
Mean for no reason
Powerful
Has power over people
SideKick
Wait...Why are we back here?
/Heroine
Faithful supporter of the hero/heroine
Sidekick Characteristics
Knows the hero/heroine better than anyone
Lightens the mood
Funny or cheer up hero/heroine
Brave
Depend on hero/heroine
Often rely on hero to save them
Loyal
Never leaves the hero/heroine and always believes in them
Wants to help in any way
Trickster
Enjoys playing tricks on characters; sometimes is the sidekick, hero, or villian. Always loses :)
Trickster characteristics
Funny
Smart
Teases and Tricks
Makes trouble
Shrew
a woman who yells at people and tells them what to do
Characteristics of a Shrew
Nags
To tell someone to do something again and again
Sometimes physically or verbally abusive
Does or says mean things
Bad tempered
Gets angry easily
Scolds
Criticizes people in a mean way
Outsider/Outcast
Person who is not accepted in the group
Outsider Characteristics
Low Self-Esteem
People don't accept them
Alone most of the time
Somehow "different"
Looks
perspective
Behavior
Misfit
Could be in the group, but does not fit in.
Misfit Characteristics
Rule-Breaker
Unpredictable
Angry from being hurt or misunderstood
Destructive
Rebel
Goes agains the rules to fix "injustices"
Rebel Characteristics
Influence on people
People listen to them and follow them
Work to change something
Can be good or evil
Stand up for their beliefs
Personal
Social
Political
Individualist
Does things their way without help
Characteristics of an Individualist
Independent
Decides their own fate
Believes they can fix any situation.
Will look for adventure
Will try anything to help achieve a goal
Doesn't need any help
Earth Mother
Caretaker
Innocent
Helps encourage characters to become better
Earth Mother Characteristics
Connected to nature
Usually Magical
Encourages growth and 'birth'
Gives wise advice
a character who does not yet know about 'real world' consequences
Innocent Characteristics
Naive
clueless
Pure and honest
do what they think is right
Child-like
attitude
perspective
behavior
Want things to be happy and simple
'mother' figure to other characters
Caretaker Characteristics
Compassionate
Really care about their loved ones
Want to be loved and needed
Looks after everyone
Gives too much attention
Full transcript