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Southern Africa

Southern Africa
by

Vicky J

on 27 January 2016

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Transcript of Southern Africa

Southern Africa
Shaka Zulu
Zulu Kingdom
About seven million people live in the Zulu kindom, and most live in the province of KwaZulu.
The Zulu language is one of the most complex grammar systems in the world. It has about 19,000 words with Dutch and English words being incorporated.
In the past, homes had two concentric fences, with houses in the outer ring and goods in the inner ring. Nowadays, brick is preferred and there isn't enough land to create extensive housing.
Southern Africa has many mines that Zulu work, but farming is the backbone of the economy.

Khoisan
1. The Khoisan people are indigenous to Namibia in Southern Africa. Some scientists believe that most of the African population is loosely genetically related to the Khoisan.

2. This is because that the Khoi and the San people made up most of the population of the world 150,000 years ago. Some scientists believe that they are ancestors to most African tribes. They also think that they could be related to some Europeans and Asians.

3.. Around 22,000 years ago, the population of the Khoisan people declined because of climate change. It declined again in the 17th century because of the Europeans conquest. Now there are around 100,000 Khoisan people.

4. The Khoisan use a click language to communicate. The San members are hunters and gatherers the Khoi are herders. The San made traps, but they aren't made from ropes or metal. They are natural plants.

5. The types of food that the San hunted and gathered were buck(large and small), zebras, porcupines, hares, lions, giraffes, fish, insects, tortoises, flying ants, venomous and nonvenomous snakes, hyenas, eggs, and honey.

Lesotho
Citations


Shaka: Zulu Chieftain:
September 22, 1828: Shaka Zulu Assassinated ("September 22, 1828: Shaka Zulu Assassinated." History.com. A E Networks, 2010. Web. 08 Jan. 2016. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/shaka-zulu-assassinated>.)
Shaka Zulu ("King Shaka Zulu." SAHO: South African History Online. South African History Online, 2015. Web.)
Shaka Zulu. Digital image. Cape Town Guide. Web. 26 Jan. 2016. <http://www.cape-town-guide.com/images/shaka-zulu-king1.jpg>.
http://www.southafrica.net/cache/ce_cache/made/f1740fd0ae3cf255/013001793_960_472_80auto_s_c1_center_center.jpg
Khoisan Folder Research
Lesotho:
Green, Jen. South Africa. Austin, TX: Raintree Steck-Vaughn, 2001. Print.
Peoples of Southern Africa. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1997. Print.
"Lesotho." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesotho>.
"Lesotho Hiking Tour." Lesotho Hiking Tour. PureTravel, Inc, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2016. <http://www.puretravel.com/itineraries/1699>.
Southern Africa Research Packet
Kingdom+of+zulu - Google Search." Kingdom+of+zulu - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2016.

Shaka Zulu was raised without a father because the marriage between his mother and his father was unhappy.
He grew up being bullied because he didn't have a father, so soon his mother brought him to a friendlier place, but Shaka was already suffering from the bullying.
As he grew older, he developed a thirst for power. He joined the army and soon enough he rose to become a commander. He was given the name Nodumehlezi, which means the one who, when seated, causes the earth to rumble.
Shaka's father died in 1816, but Shaka did not receive the throne.
Shaka killed the leaders of the Zulu and became chief.
Shaka was a good military officer-- he made a new type of weapon called the assegais, a short spear, and by 1823, Shaka conquered a lot of land and was in control of the present-day Natal.

1. Lesotho is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, surrounded by the country of South Africa. Moshoeshoe was the founder of the Sotho nation (Sotho peoples), and he was one of the most successful Southern African leaders of the 19th century. He unified small groups to form the Sotho nation, and he raided local groups for cattle to help the Sotho peoples.
2. The peoples of the Independent Kingdom of Lesotho are the main Bantu-speaking peoples of Southern Africa, although the official language of Lesotho is Sesotho. The Bantu-speaking peoples that created Sotho arrived over 2,000 years ago.
3. The Sotho established main clans at about 1400, and each clan adopted an animal as its totem. The groups eventually came together to form three divisions of Sotho people, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, and the Tswana (which is basically Western Sotho).

Lesotho (cont.)
This is an image of the Orange River and Drakensberg Mountains in Lesotho.
By Vicky, Claire, Olivia, and Lachlan
Shaka Zulu (cont.)
Shaka never had trouble with the white people, but was aware that they were there and wary of them.
In 1827, Shaka's mother, Nandi, died. Shaka became crazy and had hundreds of Zulus killed. He outlawed the planting of crops and the use of milk for a year, and all women found pregnant were murdered along with their husbands.
The lesser Zulu chiefs had enough. They killed Shaka. Dingane, one of the half-brothers of Shaka that had murdered him, became the king of Zulu.
Zulu Kingdom (cont.)
The Zulu are skilled woodworkers, basket makers, and makers of beadwork artifacts.
The Zulu have a complex social orginazation.The ward level are elders and their family. From the ward level, the structure extends upward to the head of the nation, the king.
Christianity is a widespread religion among the Zulu. There are many independent churces with Zulu clergy as well as Anglican and Catholic churches.
Lesotho (cont.)
4. The majority of Sotho are now Christians, but many still follow the Sotho religion. In the Sotho religions, the souls of the dead are believed to have the power of influence on the lives of the living, so the living make offerings to Badimo, the ancestors, to thank them for help or ask them for assistance.

5. The people of Lesotho now primarily raise cattle, sheep, and goats. They grow corn, sorghum, wheat, and veggies, but soil erosion has put a toll on farming. Water and diamonds are Lesotho's only notable natural resources. Since Lesotho is at a high altitude, it remains cooler throughout the year, and snow in the Highlands is common during winter. The Orange River is the only notable body of water, starting in the central Highlands of Lesotho.
Khoisan Cont.
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