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Intro to Mythology
Transcript of Intro to Mythology
Logos: word, speech DISCLAIMER:
Mythology is NOT just Greek, Roman, or Ancient!!! Disclaimer II: Mythology or Folklore??? For our purposes, we'll distinguish between mythology and folklore by classifying Greek Mythology as "Sacred Narrative." These stories of Gods and Heroes served as moral and religious education for the people of Ancient Greece. 3 A myth is a story that is part of a larger tradition of meaning and meaning-making. They are often culturally-specific and orally-transferred. Myths try to validate or explain social customs or traditions. These myths have some kind of moral or lesson. Myths try to answer those big questions that we have difficulty answering... Why do the seasons change? Why do we die? How did the world come to be? "We Are Our
Narratives" Folklore, legends, tall tales, etc. serve similar purposes, but they aren't typically held religiously sacred by the people that tell them. While this can be argued in contemporary settings, we'll be focusing on Ancient Greek Mythology. Ancient Greek Culture Pantheistic - they believed in many gods, who often acted very humanly, showing emotions like rage, jealousy and depression.
The biggest "sin" an ancient Greek could commit was HUBRIS (the belief that one is better than or doesn't need the gods).
Honor driven - one's reputation and legacy were incredibly important; revenge was admirable and respectable.
Hospitality was also very important. Greek society flourished between 800 and 30 BCE.
Some of the legends in the mythology (The Trojan War, Oedipus, Odysseus, etc.) refer back to "specific" history dating back even further. For example, the Trojan War stories are set around 1300 BCE. - Unit Essential Questions - What distinguishes mythology from other forms of narrative meaning-making (religion, folklore, etc.)???
How do mythological archetypes appear in modern literary and cultural media?
What does a common mythology afford a society? What is mythology in contemporary society? ZEUS Son of Cronus and Rhea, Married to Hera
Ruler of the Olympian Gods
God of the Sky, Keeper of the Thunderbolt
Renowned for his erotic escapades, taking on various forms (serpents, swans, birds, etc.) and "visiting" gods and mortals. As a result, his mythological lineage is extensive: Helen of Troy, Ares, Aphrodite, Hercules, Hermes, etc. etc. etc. POSEIDON HADES Brother of Zeus (and shared his "wandering" ways)
God of the Seas, he was belligerent and temperamental Jealous Brother of Zeus & Poseidon
God of the Underworld
Like "He Who Must Not Be Named," Hades is rarely depicted in classical art Mythological Archetypes The Tragic Hero The Hero's Journey a literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy basic pattern/plot that heroes in mythology (and other forms of literature) endure. Also called the "monomyth."