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Transcript of Fiction
Roman a Clef
"raw-mah na kle" A novel about real life, overlaid with a façade of fiction. The fictitious names in the novel represent real people, and the "key" is the relationship between the nonfiction and the fiction.
This "key" may be produced separately by the author, or implied through the use of epigraphs or other literary techniques.
A genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, and society itself, into improvement. Although satire is usually meant to be funny, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism, using wit as a weapon and as a tool to draw attention to both particular and wider issues in society.
The reasons an author might choose the roman à clef format include satire:
• writing about controversial topics and/or reporting inside information on scandals without giving rise to charges of libel
• the opportunity to turn the tale the way the author would like it to have gone
• the opportunity to portray personal, autobiographical experiences without having to expose the author as the subject
• avoiding self-incrimination or incrimination of others that could be used as evidence in civil, criminal, or disciplinary proceedings
• the settling of scores
Roman a Clef Novel
The Devil Wears Prada
Story of My Life
"sah-guh" Are stories about ancient Scandinavian and Germanic history, About early Viking voyages, the battles that took place during the voyages, about migration to Iceland and of feuds between Icelandic families. They were written in the Old Norse language, mainly in Iceland.
The word originating from Old Norse or Icelandic language. Saga is a cognate of the English word say: its various meanings in Icelandic are approximately equivalent to "something said" or "a narrative in prose", somewhat along the lines of a "story", a "tale", or a "history.
What is Satire?
Classification of sagas:
Short tales of Icelanders
Saga of the Greenlanders
"skaz'" A special type of narration cultivated particularly in Russian literature since 1830 (although, with certain differences, it can also be found in other Slavic as well in Western European and American literatures) whose roots date back to oral folklore traditions.
It is characterized by a personal narrator, a simple man of the people with restricted intellectual horizons and linguistic competence, addressing listeners from his own social milieu in a markedly oral speech.
The word comes from skazat, "to tell", and is also related to such words asrasskaz, "short story" and skazka, "fairy tale".
Example of Sagas:
The Lord of the Rings: The fellowship of the ring
The Lord of the Rings: The two towers
The Lord of the Rings: The return of the king
"suhth-ern goth-ik" A subgenre of Gothic fiction unique to American literature that takes place exclusively in the American South. Common themes in Southern Gothic literature include deeply flawed, disturbing or eccentric characters who may or may not dabble in hoodoo, decayed or derelict settings,grotesque situations, and other sinister events relating to or coming from poverty, alienation, racism, crime, and violence.
It is unlike its parent genre in that it uses these tools not solely for the sake of suspense, but to explore social issues and reveal the cultural character of the American South, with the Gothic elements taking place in a magic realist context rather than a strictly fantastical on
"spahy" A Genre of literature involving espionage as an important context or plot device, emerged in the early twentieth century, Inspired by rivalries and intrigues between the major powers, and the establishment of modern intelligence agencies.
It was given new impetus by the development of fascism and communism in the lead-up to World War 2, continued to develop during the Cold War, and received a fresh impetus from the emergence of rogue states, international criminal networks, Muslim fundamentalism, radicalism, maritime piracy and technological espionage as potent threats to Western societies.
What are the Examples of Skaz?
Vernon God Little
The Catcher in the Rye
Southern Gothic Novel
The Night of the Hunter
Gone with the Wind
Espionage or spying involves a government or individual obtaining information considered secret or confidential without the permission of the holder of the information.
Espionage is inherently clandestine, as it is taken for granted that it is unwelcome and, in many cases illegal and punishable by law. It is a subset of intelligence gathering, which otherwise may be conducted from public sources and using perfectly legal and ethical means. It is crucial to distinguish espionage from intelligence gathering, as the latter does not necessarily involve espionage, but often collates open-source information.
The Bourne Legacy
The Satan Bug
The Bourne Identity
Jomelle G. Paraiso
Stendhal''s The Red and the Black
Madame de La Fayette's The Princess of Cleves
Knut Hamsun’s Hunger (1890)
"sahy-kuh-loj-i-kuhl" Also called psychological realism, is a work of prose fiction which places more than the usual amount of emphasis on interiorcharacterization, and on the motives, circumstances, and internal action which springs from, and develops, external action.