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Project Proposal: Methylmethacrylate from Propyne

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Jacqueline Judith

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of Project Proposal: Methylmethacrylate from Propyne

React carbon monoxide and methanol with propyne
Needs catalyst as a source of cations
Nickel, platinum, or palladium
Uses phosphine
Uses easily biodegradable acid (methane sulfonic acid) as a source of protons
Topic Proposal: Methylmethacrylate from Propyne Uses of MMA Our Place in the Market Producing 45.34 Kilotons of Methyl Methacrylate a year we can capture 1.4% of the global market Shell's Approach A Need for Innovation Shell's patent for production with propyne
Removes the need for sulfuric acid and HCN in the production of MMA
More environmentally friendly Base unit monomer for PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate)
Component of copolymer MBS (methyl methacrylate-butadiene-styrene)
Cement in hip and knee replacements
Process Flow Diagram Possible Areas of Further Optimization Timeline of Progress Weeks 1 &2: Molding the Concept Weeks 3&4: Determining Feasibility Week 5: Development Begins Thank You!
Questions? Sizing Up the Market
Thought to go up 4.0% annually from 2011-2016
PMMA is 80% of the world market for MMA
2600 kilotons of PMMA alone projected for 2015
Sources http://www.gpcaplastics.com/oldwebsite/sites/default/files/4_evonik_final_gpca-dubai_m._trnxler_v2.pdf

http://www.epa.gov/hpv/pubs/summaries/methanes/c14249rt3.pdf Increased use in solar panels, tv's automobiles, architecture and infrastructure http://www.ihs.com/products/chemical/planning/ceh/methyl-methacrylate.aspx Research production of propyne
Research purity needs of feed stream
Gather Material Information
MSDS Sheets
Research how the organic components seperate
Research the specfic chemistry behind the reactions
Consider heuristics
Select the equipment
Create a simple process flow sheet
Develop preliminary design using ASPEN
Preform heat and energy balances
Determine if any fundamental changes are needed
Preliminary cost and profitability analysis

Analyze chosen design aspects
Determine size and cost of chosen equipment
Detail profitability analysis
Conduct safety analysis
Conduct overall economic analysis
Direct fixed costs
Operating costs
Utility requirements
Tweak process for optimization
Can we reduce material costs?
Can we reduce equipment costs?
Can we increase production and profitability? Consider purity needs
Mixed streams of propyne much cheaper
Consider manufacturing the propyne feed and recycling unused components
Potential to recycle energy?
Make sure all reactors are operating at the highest possible efficieny Ben Chamberlain, Jacqueline Judith, Michael Lambert, and Chris Lowe ChBE 60: Product & Process Design
Professor Sujata Bhatia
Tufts University
January 29, 2012
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