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Media and Moral Panics
Transcript of Media and Moral Panics
in moral panics? Stages of Moral Panics
in the media Moral panics can be broken down into 3 stages 1. Occurrence and signification
2. Wider social implications (fanning the flames)
3. Social control
Media: the main means of mass communication (televison, radio, and newspapers) regarded collectively. Definition The past and the
present of moral panics Pedophilia Terrorism Teen promiscuity Youth violence Drugs and alcohol Minority crimes HIV/AIDS Mods and Rockers Asylum Seekers Gay rights Cyberbullying location related violence Video games, comics, movies and violence "The media wittingly or unwittingly reproduce the definitions of the powerful". - Eldridge, 1997. p.65 Essentially, the mass media thrives on sensation and exaggeration to boost sales. Newspaper headlines continually warn of some new danger which threatens our health and happiness. Television programs echo the theme with sensational accounts of crime and illustrations of the breakdown of family life. The media appeals to the public at large, particularly in the field of politics, where people in a position of power can tempt society into believing what they want them to believe. No names to faces
No background story or information on the harsh regimes they are fleeing
Focus on the cost to tax payers
Often place labels such as 'illegal' on asylum seekers
Failure to tell the facts
75% of asylum seekers who arrived in the past decade came by air
Over 50,000 illegals in the country. Mostly Americans, English and Chinese
Media provide quick and easy solutions to a complex problem - "Turn the boats around". The role of the media in the
asylum seeker debate 1. How do the media represent asylum seekers in your resources? How do they do this? (ie. camera angles, lighting, positioning)
2. What was the authors purpose?
3. Whose point of view is not told?
4. How do the resources make you feel about asylum seekers?
5. How would these resouces influence a student's opinion on asylum seekers? Activity
Allen, J. ( 2001). Sociology of Education: Possibilities and Practices. Katoomba: Social Science Press.
Bahr, N. & Pendergast, D. (2007). The Millennial Adolescent. Victoria, Aus: Acer Press.
Belle, D. (1989). Children’s Social Networks and Social Supports. United States: John Wiley & Sons
Bowes, J. & Grace, R. (2009). Children Families & Communities: Contexts and Consequences. (3rd Ed.). Victoria: Australia: Oxford Press.
Cohen, S. (2002) Folk Devils and Moral Panics. (3 ed.) Routledge.
Goode, E. & Ben-Yehuda, N. (1994) Moral Panics: The social construction of deviance. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers
Graham, P. (2004). EOA: The end of Adolescence. Victoria, Australia: Oxford Press.
Mortimer, J. & Larson, R. (2002). The Changing Adolescent Experience. United Kingdom: Cambridge University
Harris, R. (2009). A cognitive psychology of mass communication. New York, New York: Routledge.
Krinsky, C. (2008). Moral panics over contemporary children and youth. Farnham: England, Ashgate Publishing Press.
, A. & Thornton, S. (1995) Rethinking’Moral Panic’ for multi-mediated social worlds. The London school of Economics and Political Science, London.
Poynting, S. & Morgan, G. (2007). Outrageous! Moral panics in Australia. Hobart: Australia, ACYS Publishing.
Springhall, J. (1998) Youth, Popular Culture and Moral Panics. London: MacMillan Press
Waterson, J. (2000) The Abuse of Power. Socialist Review. Edition 244 References Ethnicity
Sexual Orientation How are Minorities classified by the Media in today's society? Social Media and Moral Panic Media Text http://www.rainbowfamiliesqld.org
Websites and Links to help guide people when dealing with issues associated with Minority Groups
Michael Hart EDB003: Media and Moral Panics Sporadic episode which, as it occurs, subjects' society to bouts of moral panic.
A condition, episode, person or group of persons who become defined as a threat to societal values and interests.
Mass media stylises these episodes, amplifying the nature of the facts.
Figure of authority or "trusted person" speaks about the issue.
Socially accredited experts pronounce their diagnosis and solution.
Consequently, turns these episodes into national issues.
(Cohen, 1972) What is moral panic? Questions to Consider How does the media contribute to moral panics What responsibility do the media need to take? How do moral panics in the media affect minorities? How can this affect a school community or classroom? What are schools doing? What is the history of moral panics? What is a moral panic? Moral: concerned with, based on , or adhering to the code of behaviour that is considered right or acceptable in a particular society rather than legal rights or duties. Panic: sudden uncontrollable fear or anxiety, often causing wildly unthinking behaviour. The 5 Powerful P's 1. The press and broadcasting
2. Pressure groups and claims makers
3. Politicians and government
4. Police and law enforcement agencies
5. Public opinion 5. Volatility 1. Concern 2. Hostility 3. Consensus 4. Disproportionality • Today Tonight, A Current Affair and the news
• News paper articles
• Reality television shows ‘World’s strictest parents’
• Schools are producing uninformed, violent and unruly citizens
• Othering of ‘adolescents, pre-teens, or teenagers’ School and School student’s
reflection in the mass media •School violence- bullying programs, “count to ten rules” “Hi 5”.
•Healthy eating- Red foods, green foods, yellow foods.
•More exercise- One hour a day “smartmoves program”. Using the media in a positive way Francine Sally Teaches children to be ‘critical’ of the media in their lives:
•Newspapers Media Literacy •Take a stand on moral issues
•Be guided in the right direction
•Open students’ eyes to bigger issues
•Understand how values are being diminished in the media
•Understand stereotypes Values Education Philosophy lessons- yes, no, agree, disagree activity
½ hour pe, ½ hour health and society lesson.
Teach students about the effects of media e.g. Film and tv classes> lighting effects, camera angles, stereotypes
Teaching media literacy
Teaching values education What Schools Can Do Media literate students who can internalise and understand ethical and moral panics and problems. The Answer Discussion What would you do? Sally-
Parents are not together, never stolen anything from a shop, middle child of the family, suspended from school for fighting, gets bad grades at school. Francine-
Drama Club at school, parents are still together, stole something from a shop once, leadership group at school, youngest child of the family.
From Evils of Adultery and Prostitution (1792) – topic: the act of reading novels. Quoted in Lumby and Fine (2006) The history of moral panics Australia – 1960s – Surfers
The Courier-Mail (July 1967) wrote: "Drug squad detectives from Brisbane have combined with near north coast police in a drive to rid the area of vagrant board-riding surfers. Police in a two-day operation raided two flats at Noosa Heads and another at Sunshine Beach.
"It was prompted by complaints by local residents about the conduct of a number of board riders described as young men in good physical condition with a few young women admirers, who rode the waves when the surf was suitable and at no time had visible means of support.
"Nine surfers were discovered by police occupying a flat which was originally booked for four people." The history of moral panics 1930s – a coalition of Australian parents groups, women’s groups, churches and unions successfully lobbied to have American comics banned in Australia. The history of moral panics Quote: Many Young girls, from morning to night, hang over this… to the neglect of industry, health, proper exercise, and to the ruin of both body and soul… the increase of [this] will help to account for the increase in prostitution and for the numerous adulteries and elopements that we hear of in different parts of the kingdom. The history of moral panics The witch hunts – in Europe and North America
Between about 1500 and 1700 it is estimated 40000 to 100 000 people were executed in Europe and North America for practicing witchcraft – the use of magic to do harm – in the devil’s name. The history of moral panics Plato believed poets could potentially mislead ‘weak minded’ people and that poetry aimed to capture crude human emotions rather than the mind. The history of moral panics History Dezuanni, 2012 (McRobbie & Thornton, 1995) (Allen, 2001) (Mortimer & Larson, 2002) (Graham, 2004) (Bahr & Pendergast, 2007). (McRobbie & Thornton, 1995) THEORY | PRACTICE | IMPLEMENTATION Four Stages of Media Representation for Minority Groups Non- Represenation
Respect Media and Crime What Can Parents do to support thier Children? Harris, 2009. Text Media Krinsky, 2008.