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Factors and Consequences of ICT Notes

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by

Simon Teague

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Factors and Consequences of ICT Notes

Fac
Factors and consequences of ICT
Factors influencing the use of ICT systems
Consequences of the use of ICT
Cultural
Economic
Environmental
Ethical
Social
Consequences of the use of ICT for individuals
Changing employment
Changing face of comuter in society
E-learning
E-government
ICT systems change the way we work, which has an influence on the way individuals interact and allows for the breakdown of the traditional culture of the workplace.
Some jobs lack the personal contact that employment used to offer - customers bank online rather than go into banks and speak to real people.
Teleworking means that more and more people are able to work at home, but also means that friendships with colleagues and loyalty to a largely unseen company may suffer.
Conversely in some areas of work, online communities mean that friendships can develop worldwide.
In terms of cultural material such as art and music, many people feel that sites such as YouTube and MySpace have made it possible for people to share information at an international level, and in this way society's traditional view of culture is changing.
There is no doubt that keeping up to date with ICT is expensive because technology changes so rapidly.
However, investing in ICT systems can mean that the organisations can work more efficiently and can reduce the number of staff and also the amount of office space required for lots of staff.
In many economic areas, failure to keep up with ICT has resulted in businesses becoming uncompetetive and made it difficult for them to exist at all.
There are very few large scale retailers that don't have websites and EFTPOS and some have even ceased to accepting cheques and only accept credit cards or cash.
Our over-reliance could have a devestating impact on whole economies - for example, iin 1987 a large fall in the American stock market occured because of computers programmed to trade shares automatically.
The green movement has become a very important part of ICT planning in organisations and plays an important part in the decision-making process.
Teleworking can reduce the numberof journeys employees make to and from work, and videoconferencing can reduce a company's carbon emissions because they can happen anywhere in the world.
The new R's mean a greener use of ICT:
Reduce - the amount of paper, ink and other consumables that you use.
Reuse - rather than just throw away computers, printers and other hardware or donate to suitable projects around the globe.
Recycle - appropriately under the approver schemes under the WEEE directive.
All individuals using ICT must look at the ethics behind what they are using ICT systems for.
Many companies regularly audit Internet use in their organisations to try and make sure that their employees are using the web appropriately and not downloading inappropriate material.
Use of the Internet produces all sorts of moral and ethical dilemmas, as it is largely unregulated.
Some countries try very hard to regulate what content is allowed to deliver, for example - many US states have made serious efforts to restrict online gambling sites. Do they have the right to do that?
The issues are endless, and the answers are largely down to personal opinion and individual conscience.
Legal
The main consideration for organisations is to ensure that they follow all of the laws that govern the use of ICT and allow for that in their budget.
Staff need to be trained to follow the Data Protection Act of a company/organisation.
When companys sell goods online they need to be able to secure financial data - small companies often get around this expensive process by using an intermediate banking service such as PayPal.
Teleworking, where employees or contractors work away from the office has become a popular use of modern ICT systems in the digital world.
Teleworkers are able to work at times that they find most suitable and can work around the commitments they have in the home.
The disadvantage is that teleworkers can become isolated and may not feel as though they are part of the workforce.
The growth of personal computers has a profound effect on individuals. This has been especially true as the world wide web has grown and evolved.
Many people are now sitting in front of computers for many hours without any real social interaction. the falling price of computers has a lot to do with this growth of use.
Social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace have never been more popular and many people believe that they are an extension and not a complete substitute.
It has been estimated that as much as 25% of Internet capacity is now used for socail netwrking. Many employers ahve banned these sites because of their potential to waste both time and company resources.
Many people do not realise that emloyers look at their online profiles to see what sort of person they portray themselves as.
E-commerce
Consequences of the use of ICT on society
In many areas of employment, computers have replaces workers - however ICT professionals need to maintain these systems.
Jobs are beginning to require a certain level if ICT expertise even if they are not ICT based.
ICT is becoming an integral part of everyday life through PDA's and smartphones.
E-learning can be useful to allow isolated of ill children to hand in homework and recieve tasks without having to be in school. It also allows people to gain extra qualifications outside of universities, schools and colleges.
E-governent is a new concept which involves voting, politics and government legislation all being used to protect ICT systems and their users.
Web -based polls can be set up to allow interested people to post their views.
the government is gradually developing a web ortal site which would provide links to which allow people to pay their taxes, car taxes, etc. online and with considerable cost savings compared to traditional methods.
E-commerce is the largest growing area for commerce and allows them to create a business online.
Reliance on ICT systems through things such as passenger times at airports and train stations has created a serious over-dependance on them and the possibilities of hardware or communications systems failure would be catastrophic.
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