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Story Elements

story elements, their definitions, and examples!
by

Scott Summers

on 27 August 2013

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Transcript of Story Elements

Story Elements
Every story, novel, narrative, or poem you read is made up of essential parts called story elements
These elements help us know what is going on, who is in the text,and what the text means!
You probably know some of these elements already...
GREAT!
But today we are going to review some old terms, while also learning some new ones!
LEGGO.
READY?!
Setting
the time and place of the action in the story
for example:
What is the setting of The Hunger Games?
Theme
a central message, concern, or purpose in a story.
Example:one theme in Romeo and Juliet is love
PLOT
the sequence of events in which each event results from a previous one and causes the next
the plot sequence of the Harry Potter novels:
Harry survives attack by Voldemort and enters Wizarding School
Voldemort rallies his supporters to kill Harry
Harry and Voldy get into an epic battle to decide the fate of both the wizard and muggle worlds!
Characters
(we have a few in this room...)
people or animals that take part in the action of a story
some famous characters include:
characterization
creating and developing a character
How does this character develop?
CONFLICT!
a struggle between opposing forces
Conflict is important because it causes the action!
4 types of conflict
MAN VS. MAN
MAN VS. SOCIETY
MAN VS. NATURE
MAN VS. SELF
CLIMAX
a high point of interest or suspense
There can be more than one in a story!
The climax in Cinderella occurs when the glass slipper is a perfect fit!
Rising Action
the development of conflict until it reaches the climax
example: A murderer fights his growing guilt until he finally runs to the police station and confesses to the crime.
Falling Action
the end of the central conflict, follows the climax
example: The murderer is arrested and plans for the trial begin.
Resolution
the events that occur during the falling action that resolve the conflict
example: The murderer is convicted, then put in jail. He is forced to live with his guilt and punishment, resolving the inner conflict with his conscience.
Symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else
these are all symbols:
foreshadowing
to present or suggest an event before it happens
example: A man continually complains of chest pains but refuses to see a doctor. He has a heart attack later in the story.
M
O
O
D
the feeling you get when you read something
When you read a scary story you might feel scared; the mood of the piece could be foreboding or dark.
TONE
the attitude of the author toward his or her subject or audience
We can tell if an author is serious, informal, or ironic based on the way he or she writes.
POINT OF VIEW
the perspective of the narrator
First person: I, me, we, our, my
Second person: "you"
Third person: he, she, they, their
flashback
a part of the story that takes place in the past in relation to the rest of the story
example: While locked in an intense chess match, Rob flashes back to another tournament where he made a critical mistake. The novel details that memory, then returns us to the present moment
We have reviewed some old terms and learned a few new ones, so what's next?
STUDY and become familiar with these...
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