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Why do we celebrate Thanksgiving in America?
Transcript of Why do we celebrate Thanksgiving in America?
Native American's views on the holiday
Many Native Americans feel objective to this holiday because they helped in numerous of ways especially with the survival of the Pilgrims. The Natives fed them through the winter and taught them how to grow their own crops, In return the Natives got greed, hatred, genocide, and many European diseases. The Natives were treated badly and given no credit for their help to the Pilgrims.
In September 1620, 102 people sailed from England on a ship called the Mayflower. These people were the Pilgrims. 35 of the people were seeking religious freedoms, the others, called "Strangers", wanted to leave England for a variety of reasons. Originally called Separatists, they lived in Holland where religious differences were tolerated. They decided to go to America to establish a colony that would allow them to remain English.
By: Mercedes Prado, Michael Cramer, Angel Ballejos, and Chris Smith
The Mayflower Compact
The Mayflower compact is considered one of the most significant documents in U.S. History.
Signed by 41 males
The 41 males who did sign it agreed that they and their families would follow all laws set up for the general good of the community.
What historical inaccuracies are commonly presented to students?
The inaccuracies that are being taught to students today are that teachers don't tell them about the "real" Thanksgiving. Many students don't know that thanksgiving started due to the slaughter of over 600 Native Americans. In today's classrooms we hide the truth with a more "child friendly" version of food and games amongst the pilgrims and natives.
In 1621, the meaning of Thanksgiving was to celebrate the slaughter of many Native Americans. In the Civil War, it was to celebrate peace. To celebrate the thanks for your family, food, and shelter. Today, it means to have a social gathering with friends and family.
How have meanings changed from 1621 to the civil war, and from Lincoln's declaration to today?
The Long Voyage
In August of 1620, the first separatists sailed with 67 "Strangers" on the Mayflower and another ship, called the Speedwell. After unfortunate leaks on the Speedwell, everyone sailed on the 90-foot Mayflower. The Voyage to Virginia was 3,000 miles and took 66 days, meaning the Mayflower only traveled 2 miles per hour, The Separatists arrived very badly at Cape Cod in November. The time of year and the location made plantation impossible, and hunting very difficult.
What happened in 1621
90 Wampanoag Indians and 52 English colonists gathered for a 3 day harvest feast.
Reality of the Menu
Wild turkey was never mentioned, hunters would of brought back Geese or duck in that season.
Cranberries weren't served as a sweet sauce, it would have been used for their tartness.
Lastly, Sweet potato's or white potato's were not yet available to the colonists.
Periods of Thanksgiving
The first period of Thanksgiving was declared to "celebrate" and give thanks to the Indians for helping with crops and harvest. Others will say the first Thanksgiving is to celebrate the victory of killing a whole tribe of men, women, and children. In 1789, George Washington declared a day to give thanks on November 26th due to the success of the Constitution Government. But, even though it was declared, it was not annually celebrated. Not until the 1860's when Abraham Lincoln declared it a national holiday to give thanks.
Thanksgiving in modern day is a religious day to give thanks for your family and friends, as well as to have a big feast usually involving turkey, stuffing, sweet potato's, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie.
Should we celebrate Thanksgiving today?
Celebrating Thanksgiving would be totally up to you, we are mostly taught a friendlier version of the real Thanksgiving, but to most people, it's about spending time with the ones you love and giving thanks for them.
Why do we celebrate Thanksgiving in America?
We celebrate Thanksgiving as a coming together to eat and see your loved ones. Even though many of American's don't know the true story of Thanksgiving, we can get together and have thanks for everything we have.