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New York City

A brief history of New York City
by

Caroline Lowing

on 12 February 2011

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Transcript of New York City

The History of
New York City Verrazzano In 1524, Di Verrazzano, an Italian, was the first European to explore the New York Harbor. In the new world, Di Verrazzano met Native American tribes such as the Lenape, Manahattoes, and Raritan. New Amsterdam In 1600s many Dutch settled in New York City and called it New Amsterdam. Many immigrants to the new world saw New York City as a place for religious freedom.
Peter Minuit, a Dutch political director of the new world, is credited with making the deal of the century when he bought New York City from the Canarsees Indians for only $65, British Control The British took control of New York in 1664. Britain renamed the city and the colony, New York, after James, Duke of York. They finally left in 1783. The Empire State In the early 1800s, New York City was thriving due to economic power; the state soon acquired the nickname, “The Empire State.” The New York Stock Exchange opened with great success on Wall Street a few years before the new century. Businessmen were able to ship goods and services in and out of New York City through the Erie Canal. New York City's ports were some of the busiest in the world The Gangs of New York The mid-1800s were also a prominent time for local gangs in the five boroughs. William Marcy Tweed, also known as “Boss Tweed,” was the most famous political boss in New York City's history. Behind closed doors at Tammany Hall, Boss Tweed made illegal deals with gangs and crooked politicians from Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan in the 1860s and 70s. Ellis Island In spite of taking jobs from many Americans, immigrants contributed in many different ways to the history of New York City. On the way to Ellis Island, many foreigners were greeted by the Statue of Liberty, which was built by the French and given as a gift for America in 1886. Skyscrapers In the 1900s New York produced some amazing structures:
Empire State Building
Grand Central Station
Times Square Hard Times In the 1970s and 80s New York was very dangerous. There was lots of crime and murder was common. New York Today New York cleaned up its image, using a zero-tolerance policy towards anti-social behaviour and crime.
In 2001 the Twin Towers were attacked and around 3,000 people were killed.
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