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Visual Literacy and Infographics in the Classroom

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Meredith Boullion

on 28 September 2013

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Transcript of Visual Literacy and Infographics in the Classroom

Visual Literacy and Infographics in the Classroom
Reasons for Teaching and Learning About Visual Literacy
Common Core Standards
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.R.7 Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.W.8 Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.2 Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
via AP Central:
"Students need to learn how to read images, including images linked with texts, for many of the same reasons they learn how to analyze and interpret purely verbal texts -- essays, memoirs, articles, and other forms of nonfiction; poems, stories, plays, and other genres of literature.”
Infographics Defined
Infographics are data visualizations that can present large amounts of information quickly and clearly.
The visualizations can be of data, information, or knowledge.
Visual Elements: colors, symbols, graphics, maps
Content Elements: facts, statistics, dates
Knowledge Element: conveys the overall message in some sort of conclusion
Why Use Infographics in Class?
More and more tools are being developed to create infographics.
Why use in teaching?
Teachers can capture student attention and illustrate large amounts of information at once.
Why use in learning?
Students can create them as a form of assessment.
Creating Your Own Infographics
Steps to Creating One:
Gather data.
Determine the purpose.
Plan it with a drawing or outline.
Consider the best visual representation suited to the data and the purpose.
Select your colors and graphics.
How to Design Your Own Infographics: http://www.queness.com/post/9942/how-to-design-your-own-infographics
iPad Apps
Grafio Lite - Diagrams and Ideas free
Grafio - Diagrams and Ideas $8.99 for iPad $4.99 for iPhone
Visuzalize for iPad 99 cents

Student Samples
Another reason visual literacy is important is that it is evident in every day life and it and occurs all across the curriculum.


Visual literacy is not new. Infographics have been around for a long time.
The Ptolemaic System (Claudius Ptolemy, c. AD 140-150)
This 1568 illuminated illustration of the Ptolemaic geocentric system, 'Figura dos Corpos Celestes' (Four Heavenly Bodies), is by the Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer Bartolomeu Velbo.
A New Chart of History (Joseph Priestley, 1769)
The regularized distribution of dates on Priestley's chart and its horizontal composition help to emphasize the continuous flow of time. This innovative, colorful timeline allowed students to survey the fates of 78 kingdoms in one chart.
Color Wheel (Moses Harris, 1766)
Moses Harris's chart was the first full-color circle. The 18 colors of his wheel were derived from what he then called the three 'primitive' colors: red, yellow and blue. At the center of the wheel, Harris showed that black is formed by the superimposition of these colors.
Emoticons (Puck Magazine, 1881)
Emoticons made a discreet entrance, arriving in print for the first time in this March 30, 1881 issue of Puck. The small item in the middle of this page gives four examples of 'typographical art' -- joy, melancholy, indifference, and astonishment.
The Association of College and Research Libraries’
has their own set of visual literacy standards.

There are all sorts of ways to illustrate information...

Why focus on visual literacy?
Supplement a lecture with one.
Use one relevant to the lesson as a bell-ringer.
Have students make predictions based one one.
Ask students to evaluate one using a rubric
Insert one on your Blackboard site and use as a prompt for a discussion board.
Let students create one as an assessment.
Classroom Use
Sources for Finding Infographics:

Infographics - Kathy Schrock's Site:
5 Steps to Create a Powerful Visual:

Teachers First: Now I See!
Instructions for students on how to create infographics using PowerPoint

Copyright Considerations
Source your data and images.
Use Creative Commons for images as much as possible.
Instruct students to do the same.
5 Steps to Create a Powerful Visual
AP Central
Common Core Standards Initiative
How to Design Your Own Infographic
Infographics by Kathy Schrock
Teachers First! Now I See
TED Talks, David McCandless
The Association of College and Research Libraries
Unversity of Mary Washington Infographics Blog
Visual Literacy and Nonlinguistic Representations
Word Clouds as Infographics in a Science Class

The Beauty of Data Visualization
A TED Talk by David McCandless

A 2013 TNT Presentation by Meredith Boullion and Georgia Broussard
Biology Student Prezi Example:
<iframe src="http://prezi.com/embed/j8xfnxhglrhu/?bgcolor=ffffff&amp;lock_to_path=0&amp;autoplay=0&amp;autohide_ctrls=0&amp;features=undefined&amp;disabled_features=undefined" width="550" height="400" frameBorder="0"></iframe>
Full transcript