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Mongol Empire

Legacy, Rise,and Fall under Genghis Khan.

Kirsten Elise

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Mongol Empire

Kirsten Kent Mongol Empire Mongol Empire Video The Mongol Empire was the largest , and continuous empire in history(1) The Mongol Empire existed during the 13th and 14th century, and began with Genghis Khan in 1206 who brought together all of the Mongol tribes.(2) History Rise Fall Works Cited http://history.cultural-china.com/en/46H2406H11137.html (1) Genghis Khan Genghis Khan was originally named Tiemuzhen, and was named by the people, Genghis Khan which means powerful ruler(1) He was the founder, ruler, and emperor of the Mongol Empire(1) Khan gained his power by uniting nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia. There were originally 5 tribes who fought each other regularly fought each other before Genghis unified them. (1) Genghis started the Mongol raids and invasions to dynasties in Asia.(4) The Mongol Empire Lasted from 1206-1294.(2) Rise of Mongol Empire http://asianhistory.about.com/od/Genghis_and_Mongols/ss/The-Mongol-Empire.htm (3) Mongols controlled trade and exchange between East, West, and Middle East (2) http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Asiaweb/factfile/Unique-facts-Asia7.htm (2) Genghis Khan was born to a Mongol clan, and grew up to be a prestigious leader and was able to unite all Mongol tribes under one leader forming an empire.(4) https://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/WestTech/xmongol.htm (4) Genghis Khan produced one of the most powerful empires the world has ever seen. His people came up and made rapid changes across Europe and Asia(3) A group of caravans with Mongol spies headed to Persia were stopped by a Persian frontier. Suspecting that the caravan had Mongol spies, Persia ordered them all to be massacred and goods collected. Mongols thought this was a violation, and sent Mongol emissaries to Persia who were then killed, another violation. This then started the war between Persia and Mongols which carried on for years. (7) Mongol battle tactics were outgoing for their time. Mongols traveled very light and showed high endurance by living off the land and spending several days at a time in the saddle. (4) The Mongols demonstrated great ability in coordinating armies. They used dispatch riders to communicate across land that could travel up to 100 miles a day. The combinations of mobility and communication in the Mongols was not matched until World War ll.(5) Legacy http://whitebard.tripod.com/ca7.htm (5) Genghis Khan created the most advanced government of any nation during his time(1) The Mongol Empire at its height At its height, the Mongol Empire covered
9,300,000 square miles Drawing of Genghis Khan The rise of the Mongol Empire began in 1206 when Genghis Khan became emperor and brought together all the Mongol tribes. The rise really took off when a caravan of Mongols were traveling to Persia, and killed by Persian frontiers. Genghis then declared war, and gained lands and people with bloodshed from there on it, continuing the rise of the Mongols. (10) Start of Mongol Empire End of Mongol Empire Mongol leader Genghis Khan (1162-1227) rose from barely surviving as a child to conquer the largest land empire in history. After bringing together the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered pieces of central Asia and China. The rulers that followed him conquered more and went to far off places like Poland,Vietnam, Syria and Korea. At their peak, the Mongols controlled between 11 and 12 million square miles, which is an area about the size of Africa(6). Many people were killed because of Genghis Khan’s invasions. Genghis Khan gave religious freedom to his people, abolished torture, encouraged trade and created the first international postal system.(5) Genghis Khan died in 1227 during a military campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia. Nobody knows where his body is today.(6) http://www.history.com/topics/genghis-khan (6) Introduction Conclusion Although the Mongol Empire only lasted around a couple of centuries, it ended up being the biggest empire under one ruler, to ever exist.(1) An empire like this could not have been created without a visionary leader, great organizational skills, the quickest and most resilient cavalry ever known. The lasting legacy of Genghis Khan was his cultural development, artistic achievement, and a refined way of life.(9) In 1260 the Mongol Empire founded by Genghis Khan broke up into four smaller empires - the Yuan Dynasty in China, the Golden Horde in Russia and the Pontic Steppes, the Ilkhanate in Persia and the Middle East, and the Chaghatai in Central Asia. These four Mongol states each continued on and even expanded, until the 14th century. As each one of the broken up dynasties fell, they faced little outside threat, and fell because of internal factors.(8) Spread of empire from bringing in Genghis Khan to Genghis Khan's death http://www.quora.com/What-led-to-the-fall-of-the-Mongol-Empire (7) http://medievalnews.blogspot.com/2010/01/decline-and-fall-of-mongol-empire.html#!/2010/01/decline-and-fall-of-mongol-empire.html (8) http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/khan1/hd_khan1.htm (9) The Mongol Empire left a lasting legacy of being the biggest and most land to ever exist under one ruler. The Mongols conquered lands through blood shed, and opened major trade routes that had been closed for centuries. These included the old silk road, a sea route from China to the Persia gulf, a Siberian route, and an alternate route from the lower Volga.(9) Mongol's flag Under Genghis, structure of government and laws were made for this new empire. To make sure people cooperated, a military was made.(1) http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/389284/Mongol/284623/Rise-of-the-Mongol-empire (10) The Mongol Empire had a lasting impact, unifying large regions, some of which remain unified today. Some examples would be eastern and western Russia and the western parts of China. (11) Present day Mongolia The first real defeat of the Mongols was in the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, which ended the western expansion of the Mongol Empire. (11) Mongolia's peak size year; 1270 Reason for End; Civil war Continents spanned; Africa, Asia, and Europe Facts Peak size(km); 33,000,000 Government type; Hereditary ruler Main leaders; Genghis Khan (1206-1227) and Kublai Khan (1260-1294) http://empires.findthedata.org/compare/2-110/Mongol-Empire-vs-Aztec-Empire (11)
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