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Transcript of Mongol Empire
9,300,000 square miles Drawing of Genghis Khan The rise of the Mongol Empire began in 1206 when Genghis Khan became emperor and brought together all the Mongol tribes. The rise really took off when a caravan of Mongols were traveling to Persia, and killed by Persian frontiers. Genghis then declared war, and gained lands and people with bloodshed from there on it, continuing the rise of the Mongols. (10) Start of Mongol Empire End of Mongol Empire Mongol leader Genghis Khan (1162-1227) rose from barely surviving as a child to conquer the largest land empire in history. After bringing together the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered pieces of central Asia and China. The rulers that followed him conquered more and went to far off places like Poland,Vietnam, Syria and Korea. At their peak, the Mongols controlled between 11 and 12 million square miles, which is an area about the size of Africa(6). Many people were killed because of Genghis Khan’s invasions. Genghis Khan gave religious freedom to his people, abolished torture, encouraged trade and created the first international postal system.(5) Genghis Khan died in 1227 during a military campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia. Nobody knows where his body is today.(6) http://www.history.com/topics/genghis-khan (6) Introduction Conclusion Although the Mongol Empire only lasted around a couple of centuries, it ended up being the biggest empire under one ruler, to ever exist.(1) An empire like this could not have been created without a visionary leader, great organizational skills, the quickest and most resilient cavalry ever known. The lasting legacy of Genghis Khan was his cultural development, artistic achievement, and a refined way of life.(9) In 1260 the Mongol Empire founded by Genghis Khan broke up into four smaller empires - the Yuan Dynasty in China, the Golden Horde in Russia and the Pontic Steppes, the Ilkhanate in Persia and the Middle East, and the Chaghatai in Central Asia. These four Mongol states each continued on and even expanded, until the 14th century. As each one of the broken up dynasties fell, they faced little outside threat, and fell because of internal factors.(8) Spread of empire from bringing in Genghis Khan to Genghis Khan's death http://www.quora.com/What-led-to-the-fall-of-the-Mongol-Empire (7) http://medievalnews.blogspot.com/2010/01/decline-and-fall-of-mongol-empire.html#!/2010/01/decline-and-fall-of-mongol-empire.html (8) http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/khan1/hd_khan1.htm (9) The Mongol Empire left a lasting legacy of being the biggest and most land to ever exist under one ruler. The Mongols conquered lands through blood shed, and opened major trade routes that had been closed for centuries. These included the old silk road, a sea route from China to the Persia gulf, a Siberian route, and an alternate route from the lower Volga.(9) Mongol's flag Under Genghis, structure of government and laws were made for this new empire. To make sure people cooperated, a military was made.(1) http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/389284/Mongol/284623/Rise-of-the-Mongol-empire (10) The Mongol Empire had a lasting impact, unifying large regions, some of which remain unified today. Some examples would be eastern and western Russia and the western parts of China. (11) Present day Mongolia The first real defeat of the Mongols was in the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, which ended the western expansion of the Mongol Empire. (11) Mongolia's peak size year; 1270 Reason for End; Civil war Continents spanned; Africa, Asia, and Europe Facts Peak size(km); 33,000,000 Government type; Hereditary ruler Main leaders; Genghis Khan (1206-1227) and Kublai Khan (1260-1294) http://empires.findthedata.org/compare/2-110/Mongol-Empire-vs-Aztec-Empire (11)