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Reducing the Stigmas Attatched to Mental Health

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Crystal Malley

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Reducing the Stigmas Attatched to Mental Health

How is mental health linked to addiction & drug abuse
Addictions is very common with mental illness.
When people suffer from addiction it is a occurring disorder.
Positive coping strategies include :
group counseling
AA. meetings,
Rehab centers
Exercising regularly and having healthy thoughts
Negative coping strategies include; pushing people away, resorting to substances such as alcohol as a temporary fix to solving the problem, or abusing anti depressant and anxiety pills which has a negative impact on mood swings.

One does not cause the other however but make it very difficult.
Roughly 50 percent of people suffering with mental illness are affected by substance abuse.
Medication that is prescribed is a drug itself ( Canadian Health Association )
(Bruce,2010,p.284)
( Billsker, Jenkins, Goldner &Palma,2011,p.83)
Reducing the Stigmas Attached to Mental Health
Education & Support Services
Available

Family guidance - family support
First step seek help from a professional counselor and determine solutions.
Get yourself to the hospital when it becomes serious. Know of supports you can contact
The benefits of early intervention :
Recovery services - rehab recovery services
Kids Help Phone- 1-800- 668 -8888 and crisis help phones
Mental Health Associations - Ontario shores
Health Care - family physician, e.g. regular check ups.
Children's Hospital - clinical practices
Mentor ship programs
Case management workers
Addiction treatment
Group based services
Crisis services
Outpatient and inpatient services
(Bruce,2010,p.350)
Causes & Effects
What is Stigma ?
Detail 3
Although the exact cause of most mental illnesses is not known (Ruha, 2014). It is becoming clear though research that many of these conditions are caused by combination of:
biological
psychological
environmental
(Ruha, 2014)
The effects of mental illness are:

physical
social
economic
(Ruha, 2014)
A World Without Stigma Would be...
A world of peace & equality.
Where positive energy would be in abundance.
A world where everyone is included, where differences are not boundaries.
A world of unity and the importance of being unique.
(The Provincial Centre of Excellence for Child and Youth, 2009)
Thank you all for Listening Created by :
Celina Brah
Crystal Malley
Laura Escobar
Nicole Farrer
Alyshia Jackson

School Aged Children & Caregivers
September is back to school time for many children & youth in Ontario.
Some common stigmas used: "That kid is a wacko", "Did Suzy forget to take her meds today?", "Have you met Billy's looney aunt"?, "She is just doing it all for attention or because she thinks its cool".

Schools are a huge area to focus on when reducing these stigmas because they:
1.) Reach a large number of children.
2.) Can identify children and youth who may be at risk or may be coping with mental health issues.
3.) Children when compared to adults are likely to accept lessons when learning to accept others.


(Levesque & Schachter, 2006)
(Navaneelan, 2012)
Some mental illnesses have been linked to abnormal functioning of nerve cell circuits or pathways that connect particular brain regions(Davey,2013). Even though experts have discovered that these are the causes people still seem to have stigma around what causes mental illness (Davey,2013).
Shame, disgrace, dishonor, humiliation, (bad) reputation all ways to define stigma (Ministry of health, 2014).

It is a negative stereotype that is a reality for many people with mental illness(Ministry of health, 2014).

People with mental illness say that when other people judge them it is one of the biggest barriers to a complete and satisfying life (Ministry of health, 2014).
Activity
Canadian Mental Health Association Ontario Says:


S
tereotyping people with mental health conditions such as (they are all alike, rather than individuals).



T
rivializing or belittling people with mental health conditions.


O
ffending people with mental health conditions by insulting them.


P
atronizing people with mental health conditions by treating them as if they are not as good as other people.


(Canadian Mental Health Association Ontario, 2014)
What we can do?
Medication and Therapy
Some people don't like taking medication
People will find something to do so they don't have to take medication
Medication is more accessible then therapy or activities
Risk of bad side affects if they stop taking the medication
Most drugs are designed to treat particular problems or symptoms, e.g. anxiety or depression.
Psychotherapy
Self-help and Support Groups
Interpersonal Therapy
Exposure Therapy
Psycho dynamic & Psychotherapy
Dual Diagnosis & Integrated Treatment





Works Cited
Bruce,L.(2010).mental health services.(pp.350-354).Oxford University press book,print

Bilsker,D,Jenkins,E,Goldnor. M,Palma.J.(2011).A Concise Introduction to Mental Health In Canada.(pp. 83-88).Canada.print

Bruce,L.(2010).mental health services.(pp. 284-288).Oxford University press book,print

Davey, G. C. (2013).Mental health and stigma. Retrieved from Psychology today. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/why-we-worry/201308/mental-health-stigma


Ministry of health. (2014). Stigma and discrimination Retrieved from Canadian mental health association: https://ontario.cmha.ca/mental-health/mental-health-conditions /stigma-and-discrimination/


Parle, S. (2012). How does Stigma Affects people with Mental Illness . (J. Meddleton, Editor) Retrieved from Nursing Times: http://www.nursingtimes.net/nursing-practice/clinical-zones/mental-health/how-does-stigma-affect-people-with-mental-illness/5046801.article

Ruha, L. (2014). What are the effects of Mental Health . (A. Lingo, Editor) Retrieved from Wise Geek : http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-effects-of-mental-illness.htm

unknown. (unknown , April 2). treatment and services . Retrieved 2014 , from treatment and services : https://www.nami.org/template.cfm?section=About_Treatments_and_Supports

medication for mental health problems. (unknown). medication for mental health problems. Retrieved april 2, 2014, from medication for mental health problems: http://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/help-information/mental-health-a-z/M/medication/

Canadian Mental Health Association Ontario. (2014). Stigma and Discrimination. Retrieved March 9, 2014, from Canadian Mental Health Association Ontario: https://ontario.cmha.ca/mental-health/mental-health-conditions/stigma-and-discrimination/

Levesque, P., & Schachter, H. (2006). Sticks and Stones: Breaking the stigma of child and youth mental health difficulties through our schools. Retrieved March 9, 2014, from Voices for children speaking up for the well-being of Ontario's children and youth : http://www.offordcentre.com/VoicesWebsite/library/reports/report-Sept2006-1.htm

Navaneelan, T. (2012, July 25). Health at a Glance. Retrieved March 9, 2014 , from Government of Canada Statistics Canada: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-624-x/2012001/article/11696-eng.htm

The Provincial Centre of Excellence for Child and Youth. (2009, May). Health and Learning. (T. C. Federation, Ed.) Retrieved March 9, 2014, from The Canadians Teacher Federation: http://www.ctf-fce.ca/Publication-Library/HealthandLearningIssue8.pdf

Tallo,K(Three Voices)2012
(Tallo,2012)
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