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不定詞4

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by

李 聖寛

on 19 February 2018

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Transcript of 不定詞4

不定詞4
He is a spy.
He knows the secret.
may ...かもしれない  を用いて
He may be a spy.
He may know the secret.
He was a spy.
He knew the secret.
may ...かもしれない  を用いて
He may have been a spy.
He may have known the secret.
He is a spy.
He can be a spy.
He can't be a spy.
He may be a spy.
He must be a spy.
彼はスパイでありある
彼はスパイではありえない
彼はスパイかもしれない
彼はスパイに違いない 
He can have been a spy.
(could)
He can't have been a spy.
He may have been a spy.
(might)
He must have been a spy.
彼がスパイだった可能性もある
彼がスパイだったはずがない
彼がスパイだったかもしれない
彼がスパイだったに違いない
そう言っていただけるとは、あなたは親切ですね
私がこの本を読むのは簡単です
You are kind.
×
I am easy.
is said that he is a spy.
is said to be a spy.
is said that he knows the secret.
is said to know the secret.
was said to be a spy.
knew the secret.
knew the secret.
was said to know the secret.
スパイであったのは過去
噂は現在
is said
to have been
a spy.
主節の時制より以前であることを表現
It seems that he was a spy.
He ___________________
seems to have been a spy.
is said
to have known
the secret.
It seems that he knew the secret.
He _______________________________.
seems to have known the secret
疑問詞+不定詞
何を言っていいのか分からない
I don't know
what to say.
どうすればいいのか分からない
I don't know
what to do.
どこへいけばいいのか分からない
I don't know
where to go.
be to不定詞
〜ということになっとる
主に未来に関する様々な意味
〜という方向に向かう
The prime Minister is to visit London next month.
首相は来月ロンドンを訪問する予定だ。
(予定)
そういうことになっとる
We are to be married in June.
私たちは6月に結婚することになってます。
(予定)
The key was not to be found anywhere.
鍵はどこにも見当たらなかった
(可能)
受動態の否定で用いられる
見つけれらることにはなってなかったんや
どうしても無理やったんや
If you are to pass the exam, you must work harder.
試験に合格したいのなら、もっと勉強しなければなりません
(意図)
合格することになってるんやったら
合格するつもりなら
If Godzzila were to hit our city, what will we do?
= should
万が一そういうことになるんやったら
He was never to see his family again.
彼は2度と家族に会わない運命だった
(運命)
そういうことになっとった
We are to finish this work by Friday.
私たちは金曜日までにこの仕事を終えなければない
(命令)
そういうことになっとる
「当然そうなる」
というような意味合いを
含む
いつ始めればいいのかわからない。
I don't know
when to start.
Full transcript