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Federalist vs. Antifederalist
Transcript of Federalist vs. Antifederalist
How should we govern?
New Jersey Plan vs. Virginia Plan
1. Proportionate or Equal representation in Congress?
2. Will the slave population of a state count towards representation?
3. How will trade be regulated?
4. President's term and election.
Unicameral legislature (1 house)
Every state gets equal representation regardless of population
Smaller states favored
Bicameral legislature (2 houses)
1 upper, and 1 lower, both based on state population
Larger states favored
Equal in upper house -->
Population in lower house -->
House of Representative
Bills dealing with
have to start in lower house
3/5 of slave population of a state will be counted towards total population.
Federalist wanted long term and people directly electing.
Anti-federalist wanted short term and state legislatures electing.
4 year term with indirect election through Electoral College.
The Commerce Compromise
Northerners wanted trade regulated
Southerners feared tax on agricultural exports and abolition of slave trade.
1) No export tax can be passed by Congress
2) Could not stop slave trade for 20 years
Road to the Constitution
2 competing views on our government
- Against ratification
- Power from the states
- State power --> Weak central
-Need rights explicit --> Bill of Rights
- Favored ratification
- Power from the people
- Strong central government = order and stability
- Bill of Rights unnecessary --> Implied in Const.
"Loose Alliance" of states
Meet once per year
Only Legislative Branch
Can't collect tax
Can't have a national army
Can't regulate commerce
- 85 essays promoting the ratification
of the Constitution
- Published in New York in "The Independent Journal"
- Gives us insight into the minds of the framers
1) Land Ordinance 1785
- Raised $$ through selling newly acquired land out west
- Political organization of new territories
- Reserved land for public schools
2) Northwest Ordinance 1787
- Guidelines for new states
- needed 60,000 people and a state constitution
- banned slavery north of Ohio River
- made it clear there would be new states (not growth of old)
Organized the West
- Farmers taxed heavily and many were in serious debt--> farm foreclosures
- Daniel Shay led farmers in Western Mass. in rebellion
- Took months to suppress--> no national army or commander-in-chief--> convinced people we need stronger national gov't
Unity of 13 states?
Type of government?
Economy (war debt)?
Territorial disputes with British/Spanish?
Urban merchants (city) vs. Rural farmers?
Rich (propertied) vs. Poor?
Problems of New Nation