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Addiction

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by

katie murray

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Addiction

Ad
di
ct
ion

and

Me
nt
al

He
al
th

STAGES UP TO DRUG ADDICTION
STIGMA
THE BRAIN
WHY CANT ADDICTS JUST QUIT?
EFFECTS OF METH
compulsive and/or violent behavior
chatty (talk a lot)
lack of appetite
no sleep/ fatigue
sweating plus increased blood pressure and heart beat
twitching, numbness
anxiety
psychosis
dilated pupils
headaches
vomiting
STEREOTYPES

TYPES OF ADDICTIONS

"junkies"
seeking attention
lazy
scary
"tweekers"
criminal or celebrity
"druggies"
unsafe
dirty
homeless
1. Substance use
"consumption of low or infrequent doses of alcohol or drugs. consequences may be rare or minor."
recognized as recreational/experimental drug use

2. Substance abuse
"excessive use of drugs"

3. Dependence
"The state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else."

4. Addiction

"physically and mentally dependent on a particular substance"
abusing drugs gives you a higher risk of developing these mental disorders
MENTAL ILLNESS

Addictions can create mental illnesses

mental illnesses can initiate addictions
RECOVERY
parts of recovery:
The stigma of being discovered as a recovering addict may exclude them from work, housing and even relationships with others.
relapse can affect/change a persons recovery process
TREATMENT
WITHDRAWAL
WHAT IS ADDICTION?
Behavior
addictions
Drug addictions
Sexual
addictions
Food
addictions
symptoms:
"a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person."
WHAT IS STIGMA :
Bibliography

http://www.healthyplace.com/addictions/meth-addiction/effects-of-meth-crystal-methamphetamine-effects-on-addict/
http://www.healthyplace.com/addictions/meth-addiction/effects-of-meth-crystal-methamphetamine-effects-on-addict/
http://www.drugabuse.gov/national-survey-drug-use-health
Substance/behaviors release minimal amounts of dopamine in the brain which sends pleasure to your body. Dopamine is a chemical that respond to things that create pleasure .
Addiction is considered a chronic brain disease that can be treated, however relapse is usually a part of the journey.

Addicts may find one of the hardest parts is separating themselves from the negative environment.

Substance abuse can affect/alter areas of the brain such as your judgement, learning and memory , coordination and reward system.

Not to mention, your appear can change drastically
The brain has cravings from these pleasures which grow the longer you use drugs. To treat addiction its best to recognize your weak spots (triggers)

Internal triggers
- your emotional want, feelings, or thoughts
External triggers
- a person place or thing influencing your triggers
http://www.addictionsandrecovery.org/post-acute-withdrawal.htm
Substance abuse can be treated with therapy, medication and also life/environment changes.
"The condition of being addicted to a substance or behavior. The state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit- forming."
http://www.addictionz.com/withdrawal.htm
There are two stages of withdrawal:
Acute stage -
Lasts a few weeks, usually physical symptoms arouse.

Post acute withdrawal -
fewer physical withdrawal symptoms and more of an emotional/psychological effect.

OR
BOTH
Physical symptoms of withdrawal:
sweating
tightness in chest
problems breathing
muscle tension/spasms
racing heart
Psychological symptoms of withdrawal:
hallucinations
depression
anxiety
vivid or lucid dreams
http://www.crystalrecovery.com/User/User1.html
Patterns of abuse
The Rush
5-30 minutes
The High


argumentative and aggressive behavior
superior thoughts
Bingeing
3-15 days
Tweaking
Can be the most danger stage of them all
intense craving occurs
The Crash
The user becomes 'lifeless' and sleeps it off.
external Barriers:
financially
no support system
access to treatment
time conflicts (work)
internal barriers:
religion
stigma
denial to need treatment
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/all-about-addiction/201203/cant-get-in-barriers-addiction-treatment-entry
The 'Meth' Cycle
racing heartbeat
raised metabolism and blood pressure.
The user feels extreme pleasure. known as 'the rush'
4-24 hours
Why do people do drugs?
To maintain the high as long as possible. The user may becomes hyperactive.
3 days with no sleep
User may begin to feel depressed, anxious, paranoid, and/or irritable
1-3 days
" on top of the world" feelings
30-90 days
Panic attacks
Anxiety
Depression
psychosis
Biology/genes
Past environment
easy access to drugs
to feel good or to feel better
to feel
experiment
have sensations
to be able to share these feelings with others
to ease anxiety, depression, psychosis, and fears.
Factors
Some people with mental illness chose to self medicate.


This may cause feelings of vulnerability


How can mental illness cause addiction?
in a regular chemical reaction, your brain restores the extra dopamine for later use. When taking drugs they trick the brain into taking in more dopamine eventually causing the body to crash
With treatment, addiction can be curable
Maryland USA
Full transcript