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English 12B: Shakespeare, Sonnet 18, and Writing Poetry

Sonnet 18, 29 & 60.
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on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of English 12B: Shakespeare, Sonnet 18, and Writing Poetry

Shakespeare &
Sonnets

Shakespeare's sonnets were
published in 1609 and
were not published with
his permission.

Theme.
Writing Project #2
How to Write a Poem
Create a Presentation!
Check for Understanding
Just as there is a contrast between the mood/theme of the two parts there is also contrast in how it sounds.
*there is a thematic and linguistic contrast between the first 8 and last 6 lines.
Lines 8: he is held in low self esteem, cries for help but his pleas fall on deaf ears.
He sees a tone of people he envies and wishes himself like them. Paradoxically he is even unhappy in the pursuit of his favourite activity.
Lines 9-14: TURNS HIS BACK ON HIS MELONCHOLY MOOD AS THE THOUGHT OF HIS FRIEND DISPELLS HIS FEELINGS OF SELF DISGUST.
Sonnet 29
Sonnet 29
Sonnet 29
Sonnet 18
The theme is love and beauty. Shakespeare is writing about a woman he loves dearly. He thinks she is beautiful and doesn't want her to ever leave him.
Rhyme Scheme
Yet in these thoughts myself almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state,
Like to the lark at break of day arising
From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate;
For thy sweet love remember'd such wealth brings
That then I scorn to change my state with kings.
Sonnets were developed by
Francesco Petrarch in Italy
in the 1300s (14th century).
Sonnets were brought to England by Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard in the 1500’s.
The main theme of an English sonnet is usually love for a beautiful but unattainable woman.
A sonnet sequence is a series
of sonnets that fit loosely
together to tell a story
Shakespeare's sonnets were dedicated to: Mr. W.H. but we don’t know who this is really.
Perhaps Shakespeare's patron or maybe he was the young Earl of Southampton?!?
Shakespeare's sonnets 127-152 mostly speak of the "Dark-Lady"
We also don’t know who this is.
Shakespeare talks about sometimes adoring but also hating the "Dark Lady"
Looking closer - What Techniques did Shakespeare use in his Sonnets?
Anaphora: repetition of words or phrases in succeeding lines of poetry
What is the rhyme scheme for an English [Shakespeare] sonnet?
abab cdcd efef gg
"So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee."
"see" and "thee" are examples of
assonance
and
end rhyme.
The beginning, of each line, "So long...," is an example of
repetition
.
"fair from fair" is an example
alliteration
.
"Nor shall Death brag" is an example of
personification
.
There are multiple examples of
imagery
throughout the poem.
Literary and Poetical Devices
Literary and Poetical Devices
William Shakespeare was baptized on April 26, 1564, a few days after he was born. The exact date of his birth is unknown. His father was John Shakespeare, a glove maker, and his mother was Mary Arden. They had eight children, but many died in childhood. William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway when he was eighteen. They had a daughter and a set of twins. In 1587, he traveled to London and became an actor and playwright. Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616 and was buried in the parish church.
Iambic Pentameter
da-DUM-da-DUM-da-DUM-da-DUM-da-DUM
Title
"Sonnet 18"
The 18th of 154 sonnets
Shakespeare wrote.
Paraphrase
This particular Shakespearean sonnet describes the beauty of a certain woman by adding a twist of negativity by saying that appearances fade over time, while inner beauty lives forever.
Shift
The shift occurs in this poem in the third line when he says, "Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May." He changes from saying how beautiful she is to saying that her beauty fades. Also, he changes attitudes when he says, "But thy eternal summer shall not fade."
Attitude
The attitude of this poem is romantic because he loves this woman he is speaking of. Shakespeare wanted to flatter this woman.
Structure
Sonnets have 4 stanzas. The first 3 have 4 lines each and the last one has 2 lines (couplet).
Theme
The theme of this poem is inner verses outer beauty. In the beginning he is talking about outer beauty and how it eventually fades. Then, he talks about inner beauty and how it lives forever.
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
A
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
B
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
A

And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
B

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
C
And often is his gold complexion dimmed,
D
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
C
By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed:
D

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
E
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st,
F
Nor shall death brag thou wand’rest in his shade,
E
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st,
F

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
G
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
G
ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
Theme
The poem deals with the power of ever-remembered love to uplift and banish depression. In this very revealing sonnet Shakespeare is quite open about his dissatisfaction with his position in society (lines 1 and 2) and with his work (line 8). He is also disarmingly transparent about the darker side of his own nature: his envy, jealousy, etc. (lines 5, 6, and 7).
Structure
The division of the sonnet into octave and sestet is seen here at its most effective. The octave consists of a list of his woes. The tone is depressed, full of dissatisfaction and perhaps self-criticism at the green-eyed monster evident in himself.
When, in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries
And look upon myself and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featured like him, like him with friends possess'd,
Desiring this man's art and that man's scope,
With what I most enjoy contented least;
The sestet is refreshingly different in content and tone, filled with happy memories of love and an uplifting mood of soaring spirits (‘like to the lark at break of day arising’).
You can make a PowerPoint or a Prezi
6 slides total
Title slide
Rough draft
Lines 1-4
Lines 5-8
Lines 9-12
Lines 13-14
Add images to each slide
The End...
or is it????
In literature, the volta, also referred to as the turn, is the shift or point of dramatic change.
Step One
What do you want to achieve?

Perhaps you want to write a poem to express your love for your boyfriend or girlfriend; perhaps you want to commemorate a tragic event; or maybe you just want to get an "A" in your English class. Think about why you are writing your poem and then proceed in your writing accordingly.
Pick a Topic!
Step Two
Don't allow writer's block to hinder you! You can always revise, so just let the words flow. The goal is to get 14 lines down on the page.
Just write!
Step Three
simile/metaphor
consider "He made a loud sound", versus "He made a loud sound like a hippo eating 100 stale pecan pies with metal teeth."
assonance
"I must confess that in my quest I felt depressed and restless." - "With Love" by Thin Lizzy
alliteration
“Betty bought butter but the butter was bitter, so Betty bought better butter to make the bitter butter better.”
repetition
Use Poetic Devices!
Step Four

Make sure that EVERY word is vivid and intentional!
Use www.thesaurus.com or rhymezone.com for help.
Revise your Word Choice!
Add a "turn" to the end of the poem. Save your most powerful message or insight for the end of your poem. The last line is to a poem what a punch line is to a joke — something that evokes an emotional response. Give the reader something to think about, something to dwell on after reading your poem.
Project 2- Sonnet Directions:
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1JJSg8-OatU_FFZiBNgGGbFMqA-V4t-vV2Jlv-Ra0Y14/edit

Project 2- PowerPoint Directions:
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1N86eoS6S3Y1HcbRlfZ8BH6olN44CvyOUOcERpvB-ZOw/edit

Project 2- Rubric:
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1U7rMXlX0zK34jhJ9fBNH1TO0DnaTgAFdjANlcPlzP6Y/edit

1. What is the typical theme of a sonnet?
2. How many stanzas does a sonnet have?
3. Describe a turn.
4. What topic do you think you might choose for your sonnet?
Here are some fun facts about me!
Try to summarize this poem into one sentence!
Often, there is a "turn" at the end of the sonnet, where the mood changes.
Check for Understanding!
1. What is the typical theme for a sonnet?

2. How does the theme shift in Sonnet 18, and why is that important?

3. Why is audience important when you write a sonnet?

4. In your own words, summarize the sonnet we read.

5. What is the structure of a sonnet and how will you show that structure when you turn in the final draft of your writing assignment?
Full transcript