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Edgar Allan Poe

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Emily Henry

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe By Emily Henry Early Life -Born Edgar Poe on Jan. 19, 1809 in Boston

-Parents: Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins and David Poe
-Siblings: William Henry Leonard Poe and Rosalie

-His father abandoned the family in 1810, dying soon after, and his mother died the next year

-At the age of 2, Poe was taken in by wealthy tobacco merchant, John Allan and his wife, Frances
-Siblings taken in by other families
-Poe added the Allans’ last name to his own name Education -From ages 6 to 11, he attended school in England

-Inspired by works of Lord Byron

-By 13, Poe had written enough poems to publish a book
“While other boys wrote mere mechanical verses Poe wrote genuine poetry: the boy was a born poet.”-Joseph H. Clarke Tension At Home -Well cared for by his adopted family but there was tension between Poe and Mr. Allan

-1826-Attended University of Virginia at the age 17
-Studied ancient and modern languages

-Poe didn't receive enough money from Mr. Allan to cover his expenses
-Gambled to earn more money
-Burned furniture for warmth Engagement -Engaged to Elmira Royster, whose father disapproved of match
-Poe wrote her letters but they were intercepted by her father
-When Poe returned from school he found her engaged to another man
-Inspired his poem, “Song” In Search of Adventure -Another disagreement with Mr. Allan drove Poe to leave home
-Wanted to have adventures and become a great poet

-1827-at age of 18, he published his first book of poems- Tamerlane and Other Poems

-Joined US Army
-Promoted to rank of sergeant major and served for 2 years

-Feb. 28, 1829-Poe received word that Frances Allan was dying of tuberculosis
-Came home to find her already dead and buried
-Lost the only mother he had ever known and the conflict between Mr. Allan and Poe worsened West Point -Mr. Allan did help Poe get into West Point
but then remarried a younger woman without informing Poe

-Poe realized he wouldn't be Allan’s heir
-Acted out at West Point to spite him and was thrown out after 8 months Marriage -Went to Baltimore to live with his real father's sister, Maria Clemm, and her daughter, Virginia

-Sept. 22, 1835-Poe married his 14 year old cousin Virginia
-Moved to Richmond with his new family
-The new couple was very happy
-Poe's poem, “Eulalie”, was written about their marriage Magazine Editor - Poe published several short stories in magazines and eventually gained the editorial position at the Southern Literary Messenger

-1839-moved to Philadelphia and became editor of Burton’s then Graham’s Magazine
-Every magazine he worked at saw an increase in its sales
-Successful but still barely made enough to live
-As a result championed higher wages for writers -Poe also became a well-known book critic
-Wrote scathing reviews, often attacking authors personally

-1845-wrote criticism of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, claiming he was a plagiarist
- Created some backlash because of Longfellow's popularity Virginia's Illness and Death -1842-Virginia acquired tuberculosis

-Poe wrote “The Raven” during her illness
-Became extremely popular, making Poe a household name

-1847-Virginia dies at age of 24
-Poe was devastated and was unable to write for months
-Those close to him feared for his life -Poe eventually recovered from his wife's death

-He was briefly engaged to fellow poet, Sarah Helen Whitman

-Became reacquainted with Elmira Royster Shelton, who was now a widow, and they renewed their engagement Works -1829-wrote a second collection of poems –Al Aaraaf, Tamberlane, and Minor Poems
-1831-wrote a third volume, Poems
-1838-wrote his only novel, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym
-1840-First book of short stories, The Tales of Grotesque and Arabesque
-Well-Known Works
-"The Cask of Amontillado", "The Pit and the Pendulum", "The Tell-Tale Heart", "The Fall of the House of Usher", "Annabel Lee", "The Bells", "The Raven", and "The Haunted Palace"

-Besides poetry and short stories, Poe also wrote a textbook, a book of scientific theory, book reviews, and essays
-However Poe's heart was in his poetry

-Poe was part of the American or Dark Romanticism movement of the time, a reaction against Transcendentalism

-Many of his works dealt with Gothic themes popular at the time Death -Poe took a trip to Philadelphia but never arrived
-He had disappeared in Baltimore and was found five days later delirious, wearing clothes that were not his own

-Sent to Washington College Hospital where he died on Oct. 7, 1849 at the age of 40

-Cause of death given as "congestion of the brain" but no one really knows why he died
-Theories include alcoholism ,murder, rabies, carbon monoxide poisoning, epilepsy, diabetes, tuberculosis, heart weakness, brain lesions, cholera, and suicide

-His aunt and fiancée, Elmira, didn’t know about his death until they read it in newspapers

-Poe was buried in unmarked grave in Old Westminster Burying Ground of Baltimore
-His body was eventually moved to Poe Memorial Grave with his aunt's and his wife’s

-Each year on his birthday from 1949-2009, the anonymous Poe Toaster was seen at his grave Rufus Griswold -Literary rival, Rufus Griswold, took the task of writing Poe's obituary upon himself
-He wrote, “Edgar Allan Poe is dead. He died in Baltimore the day before yesterday. This announcement will startle many, but few will be grieved by it.”

-Later wrote Poe's first biography, portraying him as a drunk, drug-addicted, womanizing madman-heavily influencing idea of Poe today
-Many of Griswold’s accusations are now found to be lies and exaggerations Poe's Legacy -Poe's story is a sad one
-He never achieved the success he wished for during his lifetime
-Lost nearly everyone he loved to disease and an early death

-Known for his dark, haunting, often grotesque works-horrifying mysteries dealing with death and madness
-Inspired by the struggles of his own life and the death that pervaded it

-Poe came to epitomizes the idea of a “tortured genius”

-Poe is called inventor of the modern detective story and pioneer of the short story
-He was among the first authors to try and earn a living by writing alone

-Poe's works were more popular in Europe than in America and he was mostly recognized as a literary critic by his contemporaries Works Cited
Anderson, Madelyn Klein. Edgar Allan Poe, A Mystery. New York: Franklin Watts, 1993. 10, 11, 15, 19, 25, 31, 130, 137.

Beers, Kylene. "Edgar Allan Poe." Elements of Literature. Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston,
2007. 277.

"Biography of Edgar Allan Poe." Poestories.com. Design215, Inc., Web. 13 Jan 2013.

"Edgar Allan Poe." Bio. A&E Networks, Web. 13 Jan 2013

Merriman, C.D. "Edgar Allan Poe." The Literature Network. Jalic Inc., 2010. 11 Jan 2013. <http://www.online-literature.com/poe/>.

"The Mysterious Death of Edgar Allan Poe." Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore. Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore, Web. 13 Jan 2013.

"Poe's Life." The Edgar Allan Poe Museum. Poe Museum, 2010. 11
Jan 2013. <http://www.poemuseum.org/life.php>.
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