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Common Activities in Early Childhood Education

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Sarah Smith

on 21 January 2016

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Transcript of Common Activities in Early Childhood Education

Teachers plan experiences where the children are exploring on their own, but are guided towards making deliberate connections.
Children are still constructing their own knowledge.
There is still no right or wrong in guided discovery. When the children are not accurate, they continue to have more guided discovery experiences until they construct their own accurate information.
What is guided discovery?
Guided Discovery
Problem Solving
Direct Instruction
The teacher serves as a facilitator and a resource.
The teacher helps the children construct knowledge on their own.
The teacher uses questions, modeling, effective praise, telling and explaining, challenges, and do-it signals to help the children construct their own knowledge and think about what the teacher wants them to think about.
What is the teacher's role?
Problem solving activities are guided discovery activities where the teacher is primarily concerned with how the student reaches a conclusion.
Students become aware of what they see, plan, predict, hypothesize, experiment, make decisions, observe, and form conclusions.
Problem-solving can occur naturally or it can be planned.
Problem-solving can benefit logical/ reasoning skills, science skills, and social skills.
What is a problem solving activity?
Teacher is a facilitator.
Teacher is concerned with the problem solving process more than the outcome.
Teacher listens to the students in order to understand how they are thinking and guide them. If the teacher can understand their reasoning, the teacher can better create circumstances that will allow them to reason to a correct conclusion.
What is the teacher's role?
In groups, design a lesson plan for a sink or float experiment that will promote problem solving skills under Benchmark 1.5: Makes and verifies predictions based on past behaviors.
Sink or Float Experiment
Discussions are interactions between teachers and students.
Teachers lead the conversation, but encourage students to contribute.
Questions, information-sharing, and reflection is the main focus.
What are discussions?
What is happening here (content related)?
Books, seasons, holidays, jobs, interests, weather, etc.
What is happening in the program?
Classroom jobs, events, routine, schedule, issues/ problems
What is happening when children are away?
Topics important to the children that they want to share.
What is happening in the community and/or the world?
Questions that children may have about what's going on in the community.
What should be discussed?
You are preparing your class for a new student to arrive tomorrow. You are having a short discussion with your 4 year olds during circle time.

Write three discussion questions that are age-appropriate and will help prepare your class for the new student's arrival.
Class Discussion Exercise
A demonstration occurs when the teacher shows the students how something works or how a task should be carried out.
Demonstrations can be a whole activity or a short piece of a larger lesson. They can be attention grabbers or just aid the teacher communicate instructions.
Three steps
1) Gain students attention
2) Show the students
3) Prompt the student to respond with either words or actions.
What is a demonstration?
Create an attention grabbing demonstration.

Demonstrate with a partner
Direct instruction is a teacher-centered activity to help children learn certain vocab, facts, strategies, rules, or routines that they wouldn't learn on their own.
What is direct instruction?
Common Activities in Early Childhood Education
Exploratory Play
What is exploratory play?
Self-initiated examinations of people, places, objects, and the environment.
First-hand investigations.
No answers, no right, no wrong.
Child-centered, child directed.
What is the teacher's role?
Teacher chooses materials to direct learning.
Teacher considers what the best experiences for the children will be and how to provide them.
Teacher provides a variety of experiences.
Teacher ensures safety.
Teacher makes sure the children are working together in a peaceful manner.
Teacher avoids leading strategies to direct students thinking.
Record 3 questions that you would use to guide this student in a lesson about things that grow.
Procedure: Write out the steps, but also include 5 questions that you could ask to promote problem-solving skills.
Demonstrate how to use an object safely.
Show your partner how to do something simple by demonstrating.
1. Draw students' attention to the task.
2. Show or tell students something.
3. Help children recognize examples and non-examples.
4. Have children apply what they learned.
Student-centered Shared Teacher-centered
used sparingly used mostly
Activity: Use direct instruction to teach the "h" sound
In- Class Writing:
1. How does this pyramid relate to developmentally appropriate practice?
2. Consider your field observation hours. Record an example of when you have seen
exploratory play
problem-solving activities
direct instruction.
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