Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Pidgins and Creoles

No description

Kevin Farid

on 21 June 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Pidgins and Creoles

-2nd half of 17th century -> GhaPE
-There are two main GhaPE:
Basilectal GhaPE
Mesolectal GhaPE
Pidgins and Creoles
Development of pidgins and creoles
-pidgins evolve out of contact situations, creoles evolve out of pidgins

theories of origin:
-monogenetic approach: nautical jargon theory, relexification theory
-polygenetic approach: baby-talk/foreigner talk theory, universalist theory

developmental stages of pidgins/creoles:
social situation linguistic correlate
1. marginal contact restricted pidgin
2. nativization extended pidgin
3. mother tongue development creolization
4. movement towards standard language decreolization
Structure of pidgins
-limited vocabulary, short words
-simplified grammar:
syntax: -no passive forms
-no definite/indefinite articles
-no complex sentences
morphology: -almost no inflections
-no gender
-no plural marking
phonology: -fewer sounds and less complicated than
related languages

Pidgins and Creoles for Dummies

simplified language, usually a mixture of two or more languages with a rudimentary grammar and vocabulary. It is used for communication between groups, speaking different languages . Pidgins are not spoken as a first or native language.
Also called contact language.

A creole comes into being when children are born into a pidgin-speaking environment and acquire the pidgin as a first language. What we know about the history and origins of existing creoles suggests that this may happen at any stage in the development of a pidgin.

Slavery, Colonisation (until 1976) and Trade (mainly started after WW2)

mainly out of English, French, Portuguese (rarely German)

Pidgin English in Ghana
-5million English Pidgin speaker
-23 million inhabitants
-English used in education and media
-GhaPE is Part off WAPE
-Total of 50-80 Languages 9 official
1.dat ples, no moskito-s
2.wì get som wumã we dè dè kuk.
3.dem̀ dè kam opĩ faktri-faktri for ɔus.
Pidgins and Creoles. http://www.uni-due.de/SVE/VARS_PidginsAndCreoles.htm (last accessed on June, 20

Pidgin and Creole Languages. http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~haroldfs/540/handouts/pijcreol/pijcreol.html
(last accessed on June 20, 2013

Structural characteristics of a pidgin or creole. http://www.csuchico.edu/~gthurgood/121/020_Pidgin
%20and%20creoles.pdf (last accessed on June, 20 2013

The Formation of Pidgin Languages. http://archiv.soziologie.ch/texts/docs/PIDGIN.pdf (last accessed on
June, 20 2013

Pidgin and Creole in Ghana http://lingweb.eva.mpg.de/apics/images/0/00/SurveyGhana.pdf

(Papua New Guinea)
I bezeugen, O mein Gott, du has geschaffen mi, fi erkennen du und fi beten zu du. I bezeugen in diese Moment mein Schwäche und dein Mach, mein Armut und dein Reichtum. Is ni ein anderes Gott, nur Du, de Helfer in Gefahr, de Selbstbestehender.
english based:
Liberian English, Nigerian Creole English
french based:

english based:
Aku, Krio, Kru English, Kam Tok
french based:
Creole (Reunion, Mauritius)
portugese based:
Criol Krioulo,
Angolar --> Kimbundu

Mainly in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania
Less pidginized than in the west
Most prominent feature: limited number of vowels
All syllables equal stress
Final consonant dropping
Word forms are confused

Pidgin English in East Africa

English used in education
Inter-regional communication
Mixing English signals education
„ethiopianised“ due to lack of training

Example: Ethiopia

„mendenewe eha! Beza leya they look like underage girls i don get it.
I mean he usually good at what he dose. Me no like“
„Good jop but is not nice women is not our culture setbeda what?“
„z ladis, z beat, zet nice“

Examples (comments)
Full transcript