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Media History of the 1990s
Transcript of Media History of the 1990s
The Electronic Age
Books, Art, and Architecture
The biggest trend in book selling in the 1990s included online bookstores and publishers.
Reading entire books online also became available.
Audio books and used books both became popular.
Mega bookstores, like Barnes and Noble, drove smaller bookstores out of business.
The internet also had a huge impact on products with design companies having a presence on the Web.
Popular 1990s artists: Maya Lin and Jacob Lawrence
Fads, Fashion, and Music
Fads included Tae-bo, beanie babies, Furby, WWJD, yo-yos, Tickle Me Elmo, in-line skates, and video games.
For youth, popular fashions were grunge and preppy.
For adults, dress down Fridays became common with 53% of companies allowing casual dress by 1998 compared to only 7% in 1992.
Popular designers included Liz Claiborne, DKNY, and Tommy Hilfiger.
The recording industry faced tribulation as burned CDs became commonplace, especially with Napster offering free music.
Popular artists included Nirvana, Spice Girls, and Garth Brooks.
The United States played arbitrator, enforcer, and peace keeper throughout the world including Somalia, Haiti, and Bosnia.
Violence and sex scandals dominated the media starting with the Tailhook affair, and President Clinton continued the flow of gossip as several women accused him of sexual misconduct with polls reporting that 70% of Americans were "tired of the Clintons."
In 1995, Americans were glued to their TVs for the O.J. Simpson trial.
The lethal shooting of Columbine High School was in April of 1995.
The economy boomed as people learned to buy/trade stocks via internet.
Americans reveled in the Atlanta Summer Olympics of 1996.
The U.S. faced the year 2000 with a healthy economy and diverse society.
"Shit 90s Kids Say." Online video clip.
. YouTube, 22 Jan. 2012. Web. 6 Dec. 2013.
Whitley, Peggy, et al. "1990-1999."
American Cultural History
. Lone Star
College-Kingwood Library, 2001. Web. 7 Feb. 2011.
The World Wide Web was born in 1992.
It changed the way we communicate, spend our money, and do business.
In 1989, only 15% of American households had a computer.
By 2000, this percentage increased to 51%, with 41.5% online.
Internet lingo, such as BTW (by the way), became part of everyday vocabulary.
TV, Theater, and Film
By 1998, television was in 98% of American households.
The average viewer spent 7 hours per day watching TV.
In 1996, the TV industry announced a Parental Guideline rating system while the industry continued to push the envelope with topics like: sexual orientation, nudity, foul language, and political incorrectness.
Popular shows included Cheers, Seinfeld, and Friends.
Mega-movie houses sprouted up with 24 theaters each.
Academy Award winners included Forrest Gump and Braveheart.
Tony winners included Rent, Titanic, and The Lion King.
The price for renting or buying videos was affordable.
Facts About the 90s
Population: 281,421,906 (2000 Census)
Unemployment: 5.8 million, or 4.2% (Sept '99)
National Debt: $3.830 trillion (1997)
Average Salary: $13.37/hr (1999)
Teacher's Salary: $39,347 (1998)
Minimum Wage: $5.15/hr (1997)
Life Expectancy (1997)
Auto Deaths: 49,772 (1997)
People and Personalities
Bill Gates and Steve Jobs dominated the world of technology.
Martha Stewart and Oprah Winfrey were revered as successful women.
Michael Jordan and Tiger Woods were considered heroes for young athletes.
Two important losses were Jackie Kennedy to cancer and her son, John F. Kennedy, Jr., in a plane crash.
Historic Documents and Education
Americans with Disabilities Act (July 1990) protected the rights of all Americans with physical or mental disabilities.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (January 1994) intended to eliminate barriers to trade between neighboring countries, particularly Canada and Mexico.
About 83.5% of the population completed high school. (1999)
Education subject guides and resource databases were online.
Hot education topics were year-round school and dual credit.
Sh!t 90s Kids Say...