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Transcript of Renaissance Explorers
Who: Sailed for Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
When: August 3rd, 1492 to October 11th, 1492
He sailed with three ships - Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria.
His goal was to find an alternative route to Asia or the Indies.
Eventually he returned to Spain and reported his discovery. Over the span of his life, he travels a total of four times. Vasco da Gama Where: Sailed from Portugal around the Cape of Good Hope
Who: Sailed for King Manuel I of Portugal
When: July 8th, 1497 to May 20th, 1498 (Calicut, India)
Reason? He was looking for a shorter trade route to India
His trading was well received at first, then is forced to pay taxes and leave all his goods. Most of his men die of scurvy.
Later returns towards India in 1502, killing
Arab Muslims along the way and establishing a
trading post in today's Mozambique. Juan Ponce de Leon Where? Sailed from Spain to West India to Florida
Who: Part of Columbus's 2nd trip - stays in Santo Domingo
When: 1493 (with Columbus)
While traveling, Ponce de Leon stays behind to become the governor of Higuey. During his reign he conquers Borinquen (Puerto Rico) for gold and
establishing a slave trade in Hispaniola.
After his removal from Governor - sails upwards to Florida in search of the "Fountain of Youth..." or land? Hernando de Soto Where? Sails from Spain to Florida
Who? King of Spain
When: Traveled to Nicaragua (1524), Peru (1531-1532)
Killed the ruler of the Incas and conquered them
1536: Given the rights to conquer Florida and named governor of Cuba in 1537
May 30th, 1539 - arrives on Florida with 10 ships and 600 men
His journey takes him all across the southeast
of the New World.
Dies in 1542 from tropical fever He is eventually buried on the banks of the Mississippi http://www.history.com/videos/columbus-the-businessman#columbus-the-businessman Ferdinand Magellan Where? Sails from Spain to AROUND the WORLD!
Who? Sailed for the King of Spain
5 Ships - Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepcion, Victoria, and Santiago
Only 1 ship returned - The Victoria, with only 18 crewmen
Magellan did not make it back - he was killed during a battle Hernando Cortes Where? Sails from Spain to Cuba to Yucatan Peninsula
Who? Sailed for the King of Spain
He takes 11 ships from Cuba to the Yucatan Pensinsula in search for gold, silver, and other riches.
Travels inland and discovered Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire. He then brutally kills the Aztec emperor Montezuma and claims all of Mexico for Spain in 1521.
Fell out of favor with the royals, and he eventually returns to Spain where he dies. Sir Walter Raleigh Where? - He sailed from Britain to the New World
When? Sailed in 1585
Why? - Look for new settlements, gold, and to increase trade with the New World.
Who? Queen Elizabeth gives him privileges to colonize America.
In 1587, he explorers the coastline from North Carolina to Florida. His initial colonization at Roanoke... fails.
Eventually, he is charged with treason and is sentenced to death by James I in 1603. He is executed in 1616 when he returned to England with no treasures. http://www.history.com/videos/mystery-roanoke#mystery-roanoke Respond What do you believe really
happened to the settlers
Respond in no less than 5 sentences. Jumpstart 11/16 React While the natives were initially friendly towards Columbus, the native population was soon devestated by contact with the Europeans.
What could be killing the "Indians?" Attempted to Sail Around the World! Got Change for
Heifer International? The explorers of the 1400s and 1500s sparked a whole new era of migration from across the world to the Americas of today.
If Christopher Columbus first had not decided to seek an oceanic trade route, what would life be like today? Would we be living in North Carolina and sitting here in the classroom?
Respond in at least four sentences.