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Miami, Identity & Inequality 111 SPR14

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by

Julie Jenkins

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of Miami, Identity & Inequality 111 SPR14

Miami, Identity & Inequality
What experiences did Haitian youth have at the Miami high school discussed? How do these experiences differ for Haitian youth in middle-class neighborhoods?
Pressure to assimilate to become inner-city African American youth
Haitians in middle-class neighborhoods retain Haitian identity
"Group identities necessarily form through interaction with other groups - through complicated experiences of conflict and cooperation - and in the structural context of power" (Omi & Winant 1994)
Issue is how power (ability to influence) and economic resources are divided between people based on perception of group affiliation & meanings attached to those groups
"Interactions between newcomer immigrants and Americans forge not only the identity of immigrants but also the nature of American self-identity"
Cuban Americans-- perception of and identity rooted in economic success and political representation
-Ability to obtain loans, jobs not necessarily based on individual effort and equal opportunity
frequent claims that race & ethnicity are no longer relevant in interactions or ability to access power, economic success and resources
Particularly in low income contexts:
--housing discrimination
--reproduces residential segregation
--reproduces educational segregation

-disproportionately denied access to credit & mortgages
--Racial profiling
--Stop & Frisk
Employment discrimination
--whites with criminal records more likely to be treated favorably than African Americans with NO criminal record
reproduces a system of economic inequality
--rooted in institutional racism
"color-blind racism"-- forgoes references to race to a more subtle series of practices that differentiate (Hatigan 2010)
--emphasize individual actions while downplaying social and structural circumstances that shape our experiences and opportunities
--social boundaries around class, ethnicity & race spoken about in terms of morality
--shift from moral sentiments to class and racial sentiments

Becoming an American worker "is a power struggle". Differences of ethnicity or status often become emotionally charged emblems of deeper struggles rooted in the workplace".
According to Stepick's study of the factories, service industry, and the construction industry does language or ethnicity in the workplace create conflict?
conflict interpreted via lens of ethnicity, language
-but same rate of conflict elsewhere
Full transcript