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Present Perfect. Signal Words

by Ernesto Robledo
by

on 22 January 2015

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Transcript of Present Perfect. Signal Words

Present Perfect.
Signal Words

"Ever" is used
In questions.

Have you
ever
been to USA?
Has she
ever
met the President?

In negative questions

Haven't they
ever
been to Rio de Janeiro?
Haven't you
ever
eaten Brazilian food?





Nobody has
ever
said that to me before.
Nothing like this has
ever
happened to us.

'Ever' is also used with 'The first time....

It's the first time (that) I've
ever
eaten snails.
This is the first time I've
ever
been to England.
Already
I have
already
drunk three coffees this morning
Don't write to Johnatan, I've
already
done it
Did you realize which is the position of the
signal

words
?

Present Perfect
Signal words
These words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Present Perfect the following words are used frequently:

just
yet

never
already
ever
so far
up to now
recently
since
for
"
Yet
" is used in
negative statements
and
questions
, to mean (
not
) in the period of time between before now and now, (not) up to and including the present



They haven't eaten
yet.
Have you met Shailene Woodley

yet
?
"Never" means at no time before now
I have
never
visited Berlin

Present Perfect tense is often used along with the words listed below.
Adverbs defining time:

until now
before (now),
it's the first time ...,
so far,
so far this morning,
up till now,
up to the present,
ever,
not ... ever,
never,
this morning,
this week,
this month

Words for activities not distant in time:

just, recently, already, yet, still

Other words:

since, for
"Already" in questions
Have you
already

written to John?
Be careful. You must not use never and not together:
I haven't never been to Italy
I have never been to Italy
Has she sent her homework
already
?
And in negative statements using the pattern:

nothing.......ever
nobody.......ever
http://www.edufind.com/english/grammar/present_perfect_with_ever_never.php
"Still" is used in either
affirmative or negative
sentences, and it's a situation continues to exist from past to present without change
He didn’t come yesterday, he
still
hasn’t come.

He
still
hasn’t come = He hasn’t come yet
Full transcript