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The Intellectual Achievements During The Golden Age of Islam

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Adeebah Rahman

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of The Intellectual Achievements During The Golden Age of Islam

The Intellectual Achievements Golden Age of Islam Art in Islam's Golden Age use decoration is called arabesques. ART Intricate floral and vine designs were used to decorate pottery, textiles, paper manuscripts, and even buildings. Muhammad's teachings included a restriction against using human figures to represent their faith, so you do not see many people in Islamic art. Literary achievements in the Golden Age of Islam include many Arab short stories, poems, translation and preservation of other non-islamic works, as well as writing styles that produced beautiful calligraphy. LITERATURE Rumi (1207–1273) is one of the most famous poets of all time and lived toward the end of the Abbasid Caliphate. His poems expressed his love and devotion for his faith. Many people today interpret them as love poems Ibn Rushd (1126–1198), also known as Averroes, worked for many years to translate and preserve the works of Aristotle. He also wrote extensively on religion and philosophy. Calligraphers produced beautiful illuminated manuscripts of the Qur'an and other works. The detail of Islamic architecture has complex designs. Patterns and arabesques appear on buildings just as they do in smaller artwork. ARCHITECTURE The buildings tended to be simple on the outside but ornate from floor to ceiling inside. Famous buildings include the Alhambra, the Umayyad palace in Spain, as well as the Dome of the Rock, a shrine in Jerusalem The interior image is from the Alhambra, showing the use of archways, geometric patterns, and attention to detail. The outside image of the Dome of the Rock shows how building design provided maximum privacy to those inside. TBuildings of great significance to Islam like these often had special decoration on the outside as well. Stucco, stone, and wood were used for decoration Sciences advanced in many directions during the Islamic Golden Age. Arabic numerals, adapted from Hindu, and the idea of zero made algebra possible. SCIENCE Al-Khwarizmi wrote an algebra textbook that was the standard for centuries.His birth and death years are uncertain but estimated to be about 780–850 CE. The recovery of ancient Greek works revived work in geometry and astronomy. Ibn al-Haytham (965–1040CE), also known as Alhazen, is credited with being the first "scientist." He conducted experiments that would inspire the process of the scientific method. He explained how eyesight works in his Book of Optics, in 1021 Advances in medicine included the anatomy text of Al-Zahrawi (936–1013 CE). His work was translated into Latin.It became the standard medical text in Europe for centuries. MEDICINE Ibn Sina (980–1037 CE), also known as Avicenna, wrote the Canon, a medical textbook that had the same success. Avicenna is also famous for his encyclopedias of philosophy, work that has inspired centuries of debate both inside and outside Islamic society. Ibn Sina (980–1037 CE), also known as Avicenna, wrote the Canon, a medical textbook that had the same success. Al-Razi experimented with potential cures for ailments, including using foods for healing. He was also a chemist, especially in his later years. Hundreds of hospitals were established throughout the Islamic Empire. The most famous doctor of the Golden Age, though, was probably Al-Razi (864–930 CE). He wrote about 200 books on medicine and practiced at the famous Muqtadari Hospital in Baghdad. He wrote about diseases like smallpox and chicken pox and was a skilled surgeon. Golden Age of Islam-Lots of Interesting Facts-Come and Learn More! HEY! Want to Learn About a Golden Age? How About Islam? Or maybe combine them both into one! The Golden Age of Islam! The Golden Age of Islam was a period when there were many advancements in several aspects of the religion. During this period, Islam had social, political, economical, and intellectual achievements! This presentation will elaborate on the intellectual achiements How about Islam?
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