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Science of Essential Oils

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Katharine Baird

on 1 February 2014

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Transcript of Science of Essential Oils

Science of Essential Oils
History of Using Essential Oils
Essential oils have been used medicinally since ancient times (Higley and Higley, 2013, 7).
There were well-preserved essential oils found with King Tut's tomb, evidence of temples dedicated to producing and blending oils, and sacred rooms for cleansing with the oils (Higley and Higley, 2013, 7).
In the Bible, there are 188 references to essential oils (Higley and Higley, 2013, 7).
The most common example is of the wise men giving the Christ child frankincense and myrrh.
Other references include God giving Moses a recipe for a 'holy anointing oil' in Exodus II.
A Link to Modern Medicine?
Plants are amazing for playing a significant role ecologically as well as being intimately linked to the "physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of mankind since the beginning of time," (Life Science Publishing, 2011, 1).
Many prescription drugs are based off naturally occurring compounds in plants.
Instead of using these drugs with side effects, is there a natural link to modern medicine without negative health repercussions?
What is an Essential Oil?
Main Components in Essential Oils
There are two major constituents found in essential oils: hydrocarbons and oxygenated compounds (Higley and Higley, 2013, 11).
Hydrocarbons are made almost exclusively of terpenes while oxygenated compounds are composed of many different constituents including alcohols, ketones, esters, aldehydes, phenols, and oxides (Higley and Higley, 2013, 11).
There are specific amounts of different constituents required for an essential oil to be deemed therapeutic. If one chemical component is too high or low, it is not therapeutic (Life Science Publishing, 2011, 2).
The combination of the correct-proportionality of essential oils may render the therapeutic properties (Amorati, Foti, and Valgimgli, 2013, 10838). Therefore, it is important to note that one component should not be extracted from its natural, chemical makeup in the plant.
Essential oils are so small molecularly that they can penetrate the skin and permeate through cell walls. They are lipid-soluble and can give oxygen molecules to a deficient cell (Higley and Higley, 2013, 8).
An essential oil is a liquid mixture of volatile compounds obtained from aromatic plants that is usually extracted through steam distillation (Amorati, Foti, and Valgimgli, 2013, 10835).
Essential oils are highly concentrated and requires large amounts of plant materials to produce small amounts of a distilled essential oil (Life Science Publishing. 2011, 1).
Out of approximately 800 chemical compounds found in essential oils, only 200 constituents have been identified (Higley and Higley, 2013, 10).
Pure, therapeutic-grade oils VS. essential oils
Oil constituents are determined by many different factors: part of the plant the oil is produced, geographical region, climate, altitude, harvest season, methods of harvesting, distillation process, and its storage (Higley and Higley, 2013, 7).
Pure, therapeutic-grade essential oils can regenerate, oxygenate, and strengthen the body through its unique constituents (Higley and Higley, 2013, 8).
Essential oils may have some chemical constituents that are similar to pure, therapeutic-grade oils. However, only pure, therapeutic-grade oils can offer the full healing benefits without adulterated oil (Higley and Higley, 2013, 8).
Producing 100% pure, therapeutic-grade essential oils are expensive and timely to produce (Life Science Publishing, 2011, 2).
Therefore, it is important to trust the oil vendor you use and know how their oil is produced.
Obligatory Disclaimer: The information on this page/site is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Anyone suffering from any disease, illness or injury should consult with a physician. This reference is intended only in using
What Essential Oils Can Do
Essential oils can provide a range of benefits to a person exposed to oils.
Humans function on a measurable rate of energy (Higley and Higley, 2013, 9).
By exposing ourselves to processed foods, electrical devices, illness, etc., our body's biofrequency lessened in MHz, resulting in less function and disease (Higley and Higley, 2013, 9).
The chemical constituents of essential oils studied suggests a range of uses that are highly therapeutic and healing and can lead to an internal electrical balance in the body(Higley and Higley, 2013, 8-10).
Some studies have shown Anticancer activity in essential oils through having antioxidant, antimutagenic, and antiproliferative properties (Bhalla, Gupta, and Jaitak, 2013, 3643-3653).
Hydrocarbons are made of carbon and hydrogen atoms. Terpenes are specifically made from an isoprene unit (Higley and Higley, 2013, 11).
There are many different molecular structures of terpenes (e.g. monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes) (Higley and Higley, 2013, 11).
Monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are the most common kinds of terpenes found.
"Dr. [David] Stewart estimates that there are 1,000 monoterpenes and 3,000 sesquiterpenes," in essential oils (Life Science Publishing, 2011, 16).
Monoterpenes are found in practically all essential oils . Thy can be found mainly in in Conifer oils and citrus oils (not bergamot) (Higley and Higley, 2013, 11).
They provide a variety of functions including being antiseptic, antiviral, antibacterial, stimulant, expectorant, antifungal, hypotensive, insecticidal, and antitumor. In general, they have a very stimulating effect on the body and soothe irritated tissue.
Monoterpenes are regarded as highly significant through being able to block free radical damage (d-Limonene) and inhibit inflammation in the body (a-pinene and B-pinene) to help produce properly functioning DNA and RNA in the body. This allows the body to perform at its most effective level through ensuring proper communication to natural events in the body for optimal functioning (Higley and Higley, 2013, 12-13).
Monoterpenes have been regarded as able to"reprogram the cells" on a molecular level for this reason.
Monoterpenes are found abundantly in Frankincense, pine, orange, balsam fir, and ginger (Life Science Publishing, 2011, 16).
Small amounts of sesquiterpenes are also found in many essential oils (Higley and Higley, 2013, 14).
They are "highly antibacterial, strongly anti-inflammatory, slightly antiseptic and hypotensive, and sedative." (Higley and Higley, 2013, 14). They soothe irritated skin and work as liver and gland stimulants. (Higley and Higley, 2013, 14).
Research has shown that sesquiterpenes can pass through the blood-brain barrier and enter the brain tissue (Higley and Higley, 2013, 14).
This access to the brain tissue makes it possible for sesquiterpenes to work at a subcellular level to possibly deprogram or erase incorrect genes by affecting membrane fluidity and facilitating oxygen transfer (Higley and Higley, 2013, 14; Stewart, 2005).
Sesquiterpenes have been found in high concentrations in cedarwood, patchouli, sandalwood, and myrrh. Specifically, beta-caryophyllene, guaiene, and alpha-farnesene are found in black pepper, patchouli, and German chamomile (Life Science Publishing, 2011, 16).
Oxygenated Compounds
Alcohols, esters, aldehydes, ketones, and phenols are all organic compounds that are oxygenated.
Alcohols are energizing, cleansing, antiseptic, and antiviral. Monoterpene alcohols and sesquiterpene alcohols have been discussed in the previous slides, along with their terpene compounds (HIgley and Higley, 15-18).
Esters are the result of alcohol reacting with an alcohol. They help provide balance, relaxation, are antifungal, antispasmodic, and are generally the most calming of essential oil constituents. They are found mainly in birch, bergamot, Roman chamomile, clary sage, geranium, helichrysum, jasmine, lavandin (hybrid of lavender), lavender, onycha, petitgrain, spruce, tsuga, valerian, wintergreen, and ylang ylang (Higley and Higley, 2013, 18).
What Young Living Does
Aldehydes are often responsible for the fragrance of an oil (e.g. Cinnamon bark). In general, they are anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, calming to the nervous system, fever-reducing, hypotensive, and tonic while some are antiseptic, antimicrobial, and antifungal. They can be irritating (referred to as 'hot') if applied topically. However, when the essential oil is applied with an essential oil with d-Limonene in equal amounts, the irritant properties of a high citral oil can be moderately reduced (Higley and Higley, 2013, 18).
Aldehydes are found mainly in cassia, cinnamon bark, cumin,
Eucalyptus citriadora
(lemon eucalyptus), lemongrass, lemon myrtle, and lemon verbena (Higley and Higley, 2013, 18).
Ketones stimulate cell regeneration, promote the formation of tissue, and liquefy mucous. This compound is especially helpful for the upper respiratory system (e.g. asthma, coughing, flu, colds). They are found mainly in calamus, cedar leaf, davana, dill,
Eucalyptus dives
, hyssop, rosemary (CT cineol), rosemary (CT verbenon), sage, sage lavender, Idaho tansy, and Western red cedar (Higley and Higley, 2013, 19).
Phenols constitute a diverse group of compounds that include some of the most antibacterial, anti-infectious, and antiseptic constituents in the world. They are known to cleanse cell receptor sites and detoxify our bodies. They are very stimulating to the nervous and immune systems and should be diluted/used for only a short amount of time. They are found as major constituents in anise, basil, birch, cinnamon bark, clove, fennel,
Melaleuca alternifolia
(tea tree), mountain savory, oregano, peppermint, tarragon, thyme, and wintergreen (Higley and Higley, 2013, 20-21).
linalool- a monoterpene alcohol
found in lavender
Young Living has been the World’s #1 Essential Oil company for 20+ years
At least 1 hospital in every state is using Young Living Essential Oils
Young Living guarantees their product's quality from Seed to Seal. No other company can claim this guarantee.
Young Living has a verifiable standards. Their farms are open for inquiry into the integrity of the essential oil process.
They currently have over 100 singles and over 65 blends.
By Katharine Baird
Higley, Alan and Connie Higley. Reference guide for essential oils, 2013 edition. Spanish Fork: Abundant Health, 2013.
Life Science Publishing. Essential oils pocket reference, 5th edition. Life Science Publishing, 2011.
Amorati, R., Foti, M. C., & Valgimigli, L. (2013). Antioxidant activity of essential oils. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61(46), 10835.
Bhalla, Y., Gupta, V. K., & Jaitak, V. (2013). Anticancer activity of essential oils: A review. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93(15), 3643-3653. doi:10.1002/jsfa.6267

N.d. Prescription Drug Abuse. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.drugfreehomes.org/2011/08/abuse-of-prescription-drugs-lead-to-more-dangerous-habits.html.
Young Living Life. 2013. Lavender. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.ebay.com/itm/LAVENDER-15-ML-Young-Living-Essential-Oil-CALMS-REDUCES-CHOLESTEROL-SKIN-AID-/160791654981.
Test. 2013. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.alternativesolutions.net/youngliving.html.
Lipid-Soluble Messengers. 1998. [Image]. Retrieved from http://fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us/~mmalacho/physio/oll/Lesson2/images/7BSlide8.GIF
Rosenberg, Joel. N.d. Egypt-Camel. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://flashtrafficblog.wordpress.com/2011/02/05/isaiah-19-bible-prophecy-and-the-future-of-egypt-where-are-we-headed/.
2013. Linalool. Retrieved from http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Linalool.png
Young Living Oil Bottle Pictures found in Photobucket/Flickr - ask for sources if interested.

Essential Oils Can Be A Great Tool to Heal
Research indicates essential oils work beneficially in the body.
My family and I have attained a better sense of wellness and healing using Young Living Essential Oils.
I believe properly used essential oils can benefit anyone.
Take a step of faith and see how Young Living Essential Oils can help you attain a better tomorrow.
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