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THE ECONOMY GROWTH OF BRAZIL
Transcript of THE ECONOMY GROWTH OF BRAZIL
Brazil and China
Import - Export
- Diplomatic relations between China and Brazil officially began in 1974 with agreement on the establishment and operation of Brazil’s Embassy in Beijing and China’s Embassy in Brasília;
- Both of them are part of the BRICS;
- China is Brazil's largest trading partner since 2009;
- In 2013, bilateral trade reached $ 83.3 billion, with Brazilian surplus of $ 8.7 billion.
The main exports of Brazil are soybeans, beef and chicken, coffee, cotton, iron ore and petroleum;
The main imports are machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts and electronics.
BRAZIL ECONOMIC OVERVIEW
- 500 years old;
- Total population: 202,000,000 (est.);
- Total Area: 8,514,877 km2;
- Literacy: 90.3%;
- Local currency: Real (BRL);
- Economic Active Population: 57,6%;
- The 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games are scheduled to take place in Brazil;
The economy of Brazil is the world's seventh largest by nominal GDP,
In 2013 the FDI to Brazil was U$ 63 billion, which represents 20% of the total inflow to BRICS.
Exports: US$ 242,2 billion;
Imports: US$ 239,6 billion.
Commercial Balance: US$ 2,561 billion.
Positive Point: Brazil increased 29,7% soybeans exports in comparison to 2012;
Challenge: Uncertainty about the American and European economic recovering.
The Brazilian Central Bank (BACEN) is responsible for monetary policy;
Free-floating exchange rate system (Dirty floating);
Brazil exchange reserve: 363 Billion (March.14);
Intervention - Currency Swaps program, to support the currency and curb import prices.
Foreign Exchange Market