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Chapter 2 - Section 3 - Empires of the Fertile Crescent
Transcript of Chapter 2 - Section 3 - Empires of the Fertile Crescent
Assyria itself was at that time divided into about seventy provinces, each under the control of a governor. The king personally picked each and every governor, and they answered directly and only to the king. As a rule, governorship was not hereditary: the office could not be passed on from father to son. The king was understood to be chosen by the gods; his word was law, and he had power over all parts of his empire.
Assyrian Empire Fell
If a builder builds a house for a man and does not make its construction sound, and the house which he has built collapses and causes the death of the owner of the house, the builder shall be put to death.
If a "sister of god" (nun) who is not living in a convent opens a wine shop or enters a wine shop for a drink, they shall burn that woman.
Below are situations Hammurabi faced. Decide what you think to be a fair way to deal with the problem. Then, click to see what Hammurabi declared. Would Marduk, the supreme god, be pleased with your decisions?
What should be done to the carpenter who builds a house that falls and kills the owner?
What should be done about a wife who ignores her duties and belittles her husband?
What should be done when a "sister of god" (or nun) enters the wine shop for a drink?
What should be done if a son is adopted and then the birth-parents want him back?
What happens if a man is unable to pay his debts?
What should happen to a boy who slaps his father?
What happens to the wine seller who fails to arrest bad characters gathered at her shop?
How is the truth determined when one man brings an accusation against another?
If a man be in debt and is unable to pay his creditors, he shall sell his wife, son, or daughter, or bind them over to service. For three years they shall work in the houses of their purchaser or master; in the fourth year they shall be given their freedom.
If bad characters gather in the house of a wine seller and she does not arrest those characters and bring them to the palace, that wine seller shall be put to death.
If a son strikes his father, they shall cut off his hand.
If a man takes in his own home a young boy as a son and rears him, one may not bring claim for that adopted son.
If the woman has not been careful but has neglecting her house and talks bad about her husband, they shall throw that woman into the river.
If any one brings an accusation against a man, and the accused goes to the river and leaps into the river, if he sinks in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river proves that the accused is not guilty, and he escapes unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser.
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People fought over the flat fertile land
No one king
Created the First Empire
The Akkadian Empire
Sargon of Akkad
The Amorites invade the Akkadian Empires
Babylon - capital of the
Ruled Babylonian Empire
The Latest in Warfare Weapons
Provinces of the Assyrian Empire
Each Provinces paid taxes to the Empire
Chaldeans and Medes Join Forces
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Nebuchadnezzar siezed Jerusalem
Destroyed Hebrew's Temple
Hebrews captive in Babylon
How do you control a huge empire:
Persian Nomadic Kingdoms
freedom to worship
speak their own language
Persian Empire Grew to 2,800 miles east to west
Persian Empire/Royal Road
Mr. Robinson is GREAT
First Emperor: Sargon
Shared ideas, technology and customs
Created a code of laws
Paid Tribute for protection
The land was flat and easy to invade.
How Empires Helped
receiving the laws
God - Marduk