Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Intellectual Foundations of Pre-1900 Korea

No description
by

Javier Cha

on 30 May 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Intellectual Foundations of Pre-1900 Korea

500
600
700
800
1000
1100
1200
1300
1500
1800
1900
1700
1600
2000
Middle-and-Late Silla
(654-935)
Koryŏ
(918-1392)
Chosŏn
(1392-1910)
400
300
200
100
Buddhism and Divine Kingship
Early Confucianism
Ne0-Confucianism
Catholicism
Divine Origins of Kings and Nobles
372: Koguryŏ installs a National Academy to train record-keeping, Six Arts
513: King Muryŏng of Paekche sends specialists in Confucian classical learning to Yamato
682: Silla installs a National Academy for the first time
958: King Kwangjong implements civil examinations based on Confucian classical training
958: King Kwangjong implements Buddhist examinations to certify clergymen (sangha)
Ch'oe Sŭngno (927-989)
a relative of Ch'oe Ch'iwŏn
982: "On Current Affairs" (a set of 28 memorials)
Ŭich'ŏn (1055-1101)
National Preceptor Taegak
son of King Munjong
brother of King Sukchong
1085: sails off to Northern Song
close ties with Confucian reformers
essay: "On Minting Coins"
Heavenly Terrace School (Ch'ŏnt'ae)
1046: state activism begins
King Munjong
King Sukchong
King Yejong
Kyŏngwŏn Yi regency
monetary economy
professional military
expeditions against the Jurchens
examination culture matures
"miniature of China" (so Chunghwa) identity
"Song of Academicians" and
kyŏnggi chega
a new dynasty begins
expeditions against Jurchens and Tsushima
invention of a native, phonetic script -- The Correct Sounds to Instruct the People; later known as
hangŭl
P'yŏnnyŏn t'ongnok
circa 1146-1170
Kim Kwanŭi writes a legendary account of the origins of the Koryŏ dynastic house
ancestors of Wang Kŏn

claims:
holy-bone descent
ties to Mt. Paektu
blood relation to a Tang emperor
possibly a response to Jurchen foundation myth
Iryŏn (1206-1289)
National Preceptor Poguk
a Kyŏngju Kim (descent from Silla's bone-rank noble family)
1281:
Samguk yusa
(
Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms
), a collection of myths, legends, and native folk tales left out by Confucian historians
Tan'gun myth: a demigod offspring of Indra
Yi Sŭnghyu (1224-1300)
a minor scholar-official
1287:
Chewang un'gi
(
A Rhymed Account of Emperors and Kings
), a lyrical chronicle of the history of China's and Korea's rulers and great men
based on a genealogy of dynasties
Confucianism
372: Koguryŏ officially receives Monk Shundao from Former Qin

384: Indian monk Marananda arrives in Paekche
527: Ich'adon's martyr in Silla
King Pŏphŭng (r. 514-540), adopts Buddhist royal title: "dharma-flourishing"
Silla's kings as Buddhas
Wŏnhyo (617-686)
sixth head-rank
eccentric, original interpreter
did not go to China
pursuit of true Mahayana teachings
doctrinal study and devotional Pure Land
Ŭisang (625-702)
true-bone noble
Wŏnhyo's travel companion
one is many; many are one
total organic interconnectedness
Buddhism under Limited State Patronage
1400
900
influence of Sŏn Buddhism grows
early state patronage
within the pluralistic ideology of "Samhan unification"
kingship and monastery networks
Medieval Buddhism
P'algwanhoe
A "Buddhist" ritual based on the notion of Eight Prohibitions
held in Kaesŏng and P'yŏngyang
incorporates native gods, mountains, streams
think in the context of Samhan pluralism
Indra's Net
Samhan Pluralism
Confucian Nativism
T'oegye (Yi Hwang, 1501-1570)
gentry from the southeast
"
li
spontaneously issues and
ki
mounts on it"
"
li
is alive"
Ten Diagrams of Sagely Learning
popularized didactic
sijo

The ancients do not know us, and we, too, have not met the ancients;
Though we do not know the ancients, their paths remain before us.
Their paths remain before us—how can we not follow their example?
"Neo-Confucians" during Mongol rule
An Hyang (1243-1306)
Paek Ijŏng (1247-1323)
Kwŏn Pu (1262-1346)
Chŏng Mongju (1337-1392)

Yi Chehyŏn (1287-1367): "not fond of Learning of Human Nature and Principle"
1200s: Koreans aware of China's Neo-Confucian masters
Yulgok (Yi I, 1536-1584)
statesman based in the capital; grew up in Kangwŏn province
"mutual issuance of
li
and
ki
"
"
li
is ianctive"
"ritual propriety is
li
"
The Collected Essentials for Sagely Learning

If the sages said something contradictory, he must be wrong.

To establish the will to learn, overcome: lack of trust, lack of wisdom, lack of courage.
Neoclassical Confucianism
Four Masters of Korean Neo-Confucianism
Hwadam (Sŏ Kyŏngdŏk, 1489-1546)
Nammyŏng (Cho Sik, 1501-1572)
T'oegye (Yi Hwang, 1501-1570)
Yulgok (Yi I, 1536-1584)
Ch'oe Ch'iwŏn (b. 857)
a sixth head-rank academician
studied abroad in the Tang
a master of parallel prose
ultimatum sent to Huang Chao
Sinicization Project
Full transcript