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Advanced Investment Calculator
Transcript of Advanced Investment Calculator
Savings can be withdrawn easily
usually with no penalty
the money is essentially ‘locked in’
higher interest rates
‘lump sum’ of money
An amount each month that people want to invest in
return is not guaranteed
the risks investors willing to take are different between individuals
high risk high return
interest is taxed at a rate proportional to individuals income bracket
cash ISAs are tax-free
Position and Possibilities
decided two significant difference between investments: liquidity and whether choose lump sum or monthly
existing online calculators are very basic and few of them can provide portfolio advise
specific investment focus
maximise return on investment
we came up with 3 possible calculator
Research on Investment
we find that number of customers choosing monthly saving is just slightly less than the number choosing lump sum.
most people believe that their current portfolio doesn’t maximise their investments
so it would be helpful to involve portfolio
Confidence in this research
the sample population may not be large enough
results may not cover people from all backgrounds
it seems clear that the third calculator would be the most useful as it includes one-off, monthly, liquidity and portfolio.
formulate our problem into a LP problem before we built excel spreadsheet
Z=Σsum(profits from each individual account)=Σ sumXi(〖(1+AERi)〗^Ti-1)
by changing investment amounts Xi
subject to constraints a
min deposit<= Xi <=max deposit
Xi(〖(1+AERi)〗^Ti )<= Max total allowed in account
Σ sum of Xi=(Total amount invested)
this is basic common LP problems, monthly calculator has a slightly different objective function
using SOLVER in excel can help to do simplex work
No output on Tax effects on portfolio
• No information on withdrawal charges
• Not enough choice off different
investments within each calculator
• Too many buttons to press
Generate databases for each calculator with much larger variability in different account types.
In terms of liquid calculator, the situation of rate changes if a withdrawal was made should be taken into consideration
A more factual and accurate scaling of risk should be done.
Tax related could be implemented in future.
three different investment type options: Liquid One-off / Illiquid One-off/ Monthly Illiquid
investments period on a yearly basis
Ignore any fees, rate changes and tax
creating a universal savings/investors calculator to help customers achieve maximum return from optimal portfolio, depending on various investment products
Objective is to find out which of our possible calculator models would be most useful
for example, from this figure we can see people’s preferred investment types
• User friendly layout and design
• Clear input and output page
• Clear understanding of risk input
Objective of the task
By Chris Tormey, Ruchit Gupta, Jiawei Zhu, Danyi Kong
Investment Payment Scheme
calculator would reuqire to solve a portfolio is
Must convert problem in a