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DO WE ONLY SPEAK WITH WORDS?

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by

Karen Griffiths

on 19 September 2015

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Transcript of DO WE ONLY SPEAK WITH WORDS?

The art of speaking without words.
NON VERBAL COMMUNICATION
One person on your table must explain
how to get from this class room
to the student services building.
NOW DO IT SITTING ON YOUR HANDS!!!
NON VERBAL COMMUNICATION!

(NVC)
Young female and friend stopped on Saturday midday by blonde rugby player for directions to train station.

Lone young female stopped at 11pm December night by young man asking for directions to the train station.

Mother with baby in rain stopped by man in thirties asking for directions to Tesco.
THINK ABOUT THESE SCENARIOS
For each scenario discuss how the person stopped would feel - how would this be evident?
WE ARE TALKING NON VERBAL COMMUNICATION
What do we understand by this term?
Nonverbal communication is behaviour, other than spoken or written communication, that creates or represents meaning. In other words, it includes facial expressions, body movements, and gestures.
On your tables, consider what we actually mean by non-verbal communication?
WHAT ARE WE SPECIFICALLY
REFERRING TO?

Proximity
Gesture
Orientation (physical positioning)
Posture
Facial Expression
Eye contact
Head movement
Touch (Haptics)
SO IS IT ALL ABOUT BODY LANGUAGE?
NO!
We also need to consider PARALINGUISTICS
PARALINGUISTICS
Paralinguistics refers to vocal communication that is separate from actual language. This includes factors such as tone of voice, loudness, inflection and pitch.
Look at the following clip
Identify as many different NVC and paralinguistics as you can.


Proxemics
Study of how people use and perceive the physical space
around them - space between sender and receiver of a
message influences how message is interpreted
Comfortable personal distances also depend on the culture,
social situation, gender, and individual preference.
Hall notes that different cultures maintain different
standards of personal space e.g.
-
Latin cultures: relative distances smaller, and people tend
to be more comfortable standing close to each other;
-
Nordic cultures the opposite is true.
Space in NVC may be divided into four main categories:
intimate, social, personal, and public space.
Space in NVC may be divided into four main categories:
intimate, social, personal, and public space.
What happens if you break the rules?
GESTURE
Study of body movement and expression is KINESICS
Body language may provide cues as to the attitude or state of mind of a person.
For example, it may indicate aggression, attentiveness, boredom,
relaxed state, pleasure, amusement, besides many other cues
ORIENTATION
One's position in relation to another - not just proximity but angle...
POSTURE
Posture:
used to determine the degree of attention or involvement,
-
the difference in status between communicators,
-
the level of fondness a person has for the other
communicator.

Posture is understood through such indicators as direction
of lean, body orientation, arm position, and body
openness.
TAKE A POSTURE NOW TO DEMONSTRATE AN EMOTION FOR THE CLASS TO GUESS!
EYE CONTACT
HEAD MOVEMENT
BODY LANGUAGE AND PARALINGUISTICS
BODY LANGUAGE
What difference does the angle of your head make to meaning?
FACIAL EXPRESSION
How many meanings can you convey?
HAPTICS (TOUCH)
Socially acceptable levels of touching varies from one culture to another.
In the Thai culture, touching someone's head may be thought rude.
Remland and Jones (1995) studied groups of people
communicating and found that in England (8%), France (5%) and the Netherlands (4%) touching was rare compared to Italy (14%) and Greece (12.5%).
How do you know the rules?
What advice would you give an alien?

Paralanguage may
change the meaning of words
.
It may reflect various features of the speaker or the utterance:
-
the emotional state of a speaker;
-
whether an utterance is a statement, a question, or a command;
-
whether the speaker is being ironic or sarcastic;
emphasis, contrast, and focus;
other elements of language that may not be encoded by grammar or choice of vocabulary.
NEXT TIME...
We will consider how NVC is employed in LITERATURE.

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